Presentation on theme: "STUDENT DISCIPLINE ATTY. JOYLYN P. DULNUAN"— Presentation transcript:
1STUDENT DISCIPLINE ATTY. JOYLYN P. DULNUAN Head, Legal and Investigation UnitNational Capital region
2Authority to maintain school discipline (D.O. No. 92, s. 1992) Every school shall maintain discipline inside the school campus as well as outside the school premises when pupils or students are engaged in activities authorized by the school.
3Constitution Source of Authority - Educational institutions shall inculcate patriotism and nationalism, foster love of humanity, respect for human rights, appreciation of the role of national heroes in the historical development of the country, teach the rights and duties of citizenship, strengthen ethical and spiritual values, develop moral character and personal discipline, encourage critical and creative thinking, broaden scientific and technological knowledge, promote vocational efficiency. (Sec 3(2)Art. XIV)
4Source of Authority Family Code of the Philippines -The School, its administrators and teachers, or the individual, entity or institution engaged in child care shall have special parental authority and responsibility over the minor child while under their supervision, instruction or custody. X x x (Art. 218)
5Family CodeRights & Duties of parents and those exercising parental authorityTo provide them with moral and spiritual guidance, inculcate in them honesty, integrity, self- discipline, self- reliance, industry and thrift, stimulate their interest in civil affairs, and inspire in them compliance with the duties of citizenship.
6Family Code To demand from them respect and obedience To impose discipline on them as may be required under the circumstances
7Republic Act 9155Authority, Accountability, and Responsibility of School HeadCreating an environment within the school that is conducive to teaching and learning;Implementing, monitoring and assessing the school curriculum and being accountable for higher learning outcomes.
8The practice of training people to obey rules or a code of behavior, using punishment to correct disobedience.A field of study or is a training to fix incorrect behavior or create better skills.Discipline
9Imposition of Disciplinary Action School officials shall have the right to impose appropriate and reasonable disciplinary measures in case of offenses or infractions of good discipline.Imposition of Disciplinary Action
10Limitation of Authority In no case shall school administrator, teacher or individual engaged in child care and exercising special parental authority, inflict corporal punishment upon a child (Art. 233,Family Code)No cruel or physically harmful punishment shall be imposed or applied against any pupil or student. (DECS Service Manual)
11RULES & PROCEDURES Bullying student vs. student Other Acts of Violence or AbuseOther Forms of Student Offense/Infractionstudent vs. school or school personnel
12PROCEDURES BULLYING INCIDENTS Immediate Responses -stop the bullying -separate the students-remove the victim-safety of the victim-reporting to Guidance Office
13PROCEDURES Reporting to the School Head Filling up of the Intake Sheet Investigation/Inquiry-The School Head shall designate school personnel/committee to conduct inquiry
14Procedures1. The student and the parents or guardians shall be informed of the complaint in writing;The student shall be given the opportunity to answer the complaint in writing, with the assistance of the parents/guardian;The bully or offending student and the victim shall be interviewed separately.
15Procedures5. Determine the level of threats and develop intervention strategies.5. Inform the victim and the parents or guardian of the steps to be taken to prevent any further act of bullying or retaliation; and6. Make appropriate recommendation to the CPC on proper interventions, referrals and monitoring
16Procedures7. The School Head shall issue a decision in writing, stating the facts and the reasons for the decision.8. In addition to the disciplinary sanction, the bully shall also be required to undergo an intervention program which shall be administered or supervised by the CPC. The parents of the bully shall be encouraged to join the intervention program.9. The decision of the school head may be appealed to the Division Office.
17PROCEDURES other Acts of Violence of Abuse The same procedures shall be observed onother Acts of Violence of Abusestudent vs. studentOther Forms of Student Offense/Infractionstudent vs. school or school personnelExcept that the students and witnesses may be interviewed at the same time in an inquiry of the Committee.
18Due Process in Student Proceedings “The imposition of disciplinary sanctions requires observance of procedural due process”Guzman vs. National University142 SCRA 699
19Procedural Due Process the students must be informed in writing of the nature and cause of any accusation against them;2. they shall have the right to answer the charges against them, with the assistance of counsel, if desired;3. they shall be informed of the evidence against them;
20Procedural Due Process 4. they shall have the right to adduce evidence in their own behalf; and5. the evidence must be duly considered by the investigating committee or official designated by the school authorities to hear and decide the case.
21RULES IN THE IMPOSITION OF PENALTY Depending on the gravity of the offense, non-punitive measures may be imposed in lieu of punitive measures in accordance with the Positive Non-violent Discipline. (CPP)
22RULES IN THE IMPOSITION OF PENALTY CONCEPT OF PROPORTIONALITY- the penalty must be proportionate to the offense committed.The School Head may impose reasonable disciplinary measures taking into consideration the nature, gravity or severity, or previous offense.
23PENALTIESBullyingthe SH shall determine the appropriate disciplinary measure in accordance with existing rules and regulations of the DepartmentOther Acts of Violence or AbuseDealt with in accordance with RA 9344Other Forms of InfractionIn accordance with existing rules of the Department
24Other Forms Of Infraction Cheating and stealingAssaulting a teacher or any other school authority or his agentsSmoking within the school premisesVandalism, writing on or destroying school property like chairs, tables, windows, books, laboratory equipment and othersUsing, possessing and selling prohibited drugsHazing in any form or manner whether inside or outside the school premisesetc
25PENALTIES Written reprimand Community service Suspension Exclusion Expulsion
26IMPOSABLE PENALTY Penalty Duration School officials Nature of Offense Disciplining AuthorityRequirementMinor offenseAppropriate and reasonabledisciplinary measureSchool officialsNot cruel or physically harmful punishmentFirst offense or NOT Serious OffenseSuspensionNot exceeding 3 daysPrincipalparents must be informed of any misconduct on the part of their children for which disciplinary action is necessary
27Cont. Penalty Duration Suspension Serious offense Suspension or Nature of offensePenaltyDurationDisciplining AuthorityRequirementSerious offense or persistent offenderSuspensionExceeding 3 days but NOT longer than 1 yearPrincipal subject to approval of SDSDue process. Written promise of exemplary conductSerious offenseSuspension orexclusion1 year or longerSecretaryDue process
28Prohibited Penalty Corporal Punishment Manual work or degrading tasks cruel and unusual punishments of any natureholding up a pupil/student to unnecessary ridiculethe use of epithets and expressions tending to destroy the pupil/student’s self respect andthe permanent confiscation of the personal property of pupils/students
29"A school without discipline is like a mill without water.“ Bohemian proverb
31DISCIPLINARY ACTION for TEACHERS/PERSONNEL Arising from parents/pupil’s complaint of a wrongful act or omission on the part of the teacher/school personnelThe Principal has no disciplinary jurisdiction
32Handling the Complaint If a complaint is filed/brought to the school, the Principal may:1. inquire from the complainant on the facts/circumstances of the complaint2. Ascertain the desire of the complaining parent:* admonition of the teacher – meeting between theparents and the teacher concerned* the teacher be penalized – inform the complaining parent of the jurisdictional issue
33WHAT TO AVOID Appearance of partiality by- listening Being non-judgmentalStaying calm/tolerantMaintaining confidentiality