Presentation on theme: "What is happening in this picture? What questions do you want to ask? 5 mins."— Presentation transcript:
What is happening in this picture? What questions do you want to ask? 5 mins
The Battle of Killiecrankie ‘... I met the Devil and Dundee, on the braes of Killiecrankie...’ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1zECi4HtxV0
What was the relationship like between Scotland and England by the end of the 16 th Century? By the end of the lesson you will 1.All know the main events of the Battle of Killiecrankie 2.Most will be able to explain how the battle came about 3.Some will be able to analyse the implications of this battle on the future relationship between England and Scotland
British Jacobinism did not start with Bonnie Prince Charlie in 1745... …..Its roots are much deeper than that!
When William and Mary took the throne from of James II and VII – it was called the Glorious Revolution However, some people still supported James as King – the Latin for James is Jacobis – hence they were called Jacobites...
In 1689, the Scottish parliament gave William and Mary the crown of Scotland...... Angry at being left out of Government, Viscount Dundee (a supporter of James II) rose up in rebellion against the crown – in support of James VII and III
The Viscount became known as ‘Bonnie Dundee’ (or ‘Bloody Graham’ to others) and raised his forces from the Highland clans still loyal to James – and a small band of Irishmen A Scottish Government (made up of Scots, English and Dutch) army was raised as a counter to the rebellion – and was led by General McKay
On 27 th July 1689, Mackay’s forces intercepted the Jacobite rebellion to the north west of Killiecrankie Both forces saw this area as important as Killiecrankie sat in the middle of the road between Perth and Inverness – A key strategic communications route
With the battle now inevitable – the battle lines were drawn – the Jacobites held the advantage of the higher ground… Mackay’s troops prepared to meet the dreaded ‘Highland Charge’ – the Jacobites’ fiercest tactic… The Government army was well armed with muskets and light artillery – savaging the early charge attempts The Jacobites’ lost about 600 men attempting to charge – but were able to inflict serious damage on Mackay’s defences…
The sheer strength of the Jacobite charges was enough to overwhelm the Government lines – Dundee’s forces were much better in hand to hand combat… Viscount Dundee was mortally wounded during the battle… However, this was still a victory for the rebel army – who chased the retreating government troops… It is said one Government soldier jumped an 18 foot gap to safety – the point is still known as ‘soldiers leap’…
Although Killiecrankie was a victory - the rebellion fell to pieces after the death of Viscount Dundee… After the rebellion, King William attempted to subdue the Highland clans – however, this was only the beginning of a period defined by Jacobite rebellions…
Task Write a newspaper article summing up the relationship between the English and the Scots by the end of the 17 th Century? Think about: Charles and the Scottish prayer book Cromwell and his interregnum The Jacobite rebellion
The Times 14 th August 1689 Headline Why did the Catholics and Protestants fight at Killicrankie? What happened during the battle? Why was there so much hatred between the Catholics and the Protestants? What was the outcome of the battle? Picture???
What was the relationship like between Scotland and England by the end of the 16 th Century? Now use the numbers 1-3 5 to show: 1.the main events of the Battle of Killiecrankie 2.An explanation of how the battle came about 3.Analysis of the implications of this battle on the future relationship between England and Scotland