Presentation on theme: "Lecture 3 Values & principles of professional ethics By Dr. Hala Yehia."— Presentation transcript:
Lecture 3 Values & principles of professional ethics By Dr. Hala Yehia
Objective Define value Identify attitude List component of attitude Define beliefs Types of value Nursing value & responsibilities Value clarification Identify principles of ethics
Ethics Ethics deals with the “rightness” or “wrongness” of human behavior
Concepts of Ethics Values Belief systems Morality
Value Value is a attitude or belief about the importance of a goal, action, object. Or Enduring attitudes or beliefs about the worth of a person, object, idea, or action
A. attitudes a feeling or an emotion, generally including a positive or negative judgment, toward a person, object, idea, or action (e.g., acceptance, compassion)
B. beliefs Beliefs (or opinions) are interpretations or conclusions that people accept as true. They are based more on faith than fact and may or may not be true. Life and death Good and evil Health and illness
Value Formation Values are learned Values change with maturity and experience
Types of values a. religious (obtains strength from religious beliefs) b. theoretical (holds truth, rationality, and respectable) c. political (values power) d. economic (values usefulness and practicality) e. aesthetic (values beauty, harmony, and form) f. social (values human interactions, is kind, sympathetic, and unselfish)
Values Transmission Values are learned through observation and experience. As a result, they are heavily influenced by a person's sociocultural environment that is, by societal traditions; by cultural, and religious groups; and by family and peer groups. For example, if a parent consistently demonstrates honesty in dealing with others, the child will probably begin to value honesty.
Values clarification It is a process by which people identify, examine, and develop their own individual values. Values clarification promotes personal growth by fostering awareness, empathy, and insight. Therefore, it is an important step for nurses to take in dealing with ethical problems.
Values Clarification Choosing Choosing (cognitive) Beliefs are chosen Freely, without outside pressure · From among alternatives
Values Clarification Prizing Prizing (affective) Chosen beliefs are prized Acting Acting (behavioral) Chosen beliefs are Repeated consistently in one's life
Autonomy Autonomy Greek word AUTOS meaning self and nomos meaning governance - Self determination Freedom to choose and implement one’s decision Informed consent Allowing the patient to refuse treatment if he decides so
Beneficence This principle means “doing good” for others. "Do good and avoid harm.
Nonmaleficence Non means “not” and mal means “bad”. Non-maleficence means “not to do or inflict harm”. To do no harm o Not assisting in or performing abortion
Justice Referred to as fairness Every individual must be treated equally This requires nurses to be nonjudgmental
Fidelity means to be faithful to agreements and promises Loyalty The promise to fulfill all commitments
Confidentiality Anything stated to nurses or health-care providers by clients must remain confidential The only times this principle may be violated are: If clients may indicate harm to themselves or others If the client gives permission for the information to be shared
Veracity Refers to telling the truth. This principle implies “truthfulness” Nurses need to be truthful to their clients Veracity is an important component of building trusting relationships
Accountability Individuals need to be responsible for their own actions Nurses are accountable to themselves and to their colleagues