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The Anti-Violence Against Women & Their Children Act of 2004 Salient Features Atty. Rowena V. Guanzon.

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Presentation on theme: "The Anti-Violence Against Women & Their Children Act of 2004 Salient Features Atty. Rowena V. Guanzon."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Anti-Violence Against Women & Their Children Act of 2004 Salient Features Atty. Rowena V. Guanzon

3 RA 9262 Effective March 27, 2004 A special law protecting women and their children from violence Criminal statute Civil action – Temporary & Permanent Protection Order Barangay Protection Order 2

4 Types of Violence PHYSICAL PSYCHOLOGICAL SEXUAL ECONOMIC Other forms of violence, intimidation 3

5 Def.: Violence Against Women & their children (VAWC) any act or series of acts committed by any PERSON against a WOMAN who is his wife, former wife, or with whom the person has or had a sexual or dating relationships, or with whom he has a common child, or against her child/child under her care 4

6 Def: VAWC Which result or is likely to result in physical, sexual, psychological harm or suffering or economic abuse including threats of such acts, Battery, assault, coercion, harassment or arbitrary deprivation of liberty 5

7 Elements Relationship, past or present Married or not; living in or not Sexual or dating relationship Including lesbian relationships With common child Sec. 5 punishable acts 6

8 Who are liable Husband, ex-husband Boyfriend or ex Father of the woman ’ s child Lesbian girlfriends/partners or ex partners Any person with whom the woman has/had a sexual or dating relationship 7

9 Sec. 5 Acts of VAWC Causing, threatening, attempting to cause physical harm Placing the woman or her child in fear of imminent physical harm Attempting or compelling the woman or her child to engage in conduct which they have a right to desist from, or to 8

10 Sec. 5 Acts desist from conduct which they have a right to engage in attempting to restrict or restricting the woman ’ s or her child ’ s freedom of movement or conduct by force or threat, intimidation 9

11 Sec. 5 Acts Acts committed with the purpose or effect of controlling or restricting the woman ’ s or her child ’ s movement by: (1) depriving or threatening to deprive the woman or her child of custody or access to her family (2) depriving them of financial support; insufficient financial support 10

12 Sec. 5 Acts (3) Depriving or threatening to deprive the woman or her child of a legal right (4) Preventing the woman from engaging in any legitimate profession, occupation, business or activity, or controlling her own money or properties or solely controlling conjugal or common money or properties 11

13 Sec. 5 Acts Inflicting or threatening to inflict physical harm on oneself for the purpose of controlling her actions or decisions Causing or attempting to cause the woman or her child to engage in any sexual activity..., by force or threat, physical harm, intimidation directed against the woman, her child, or immediate family * 12

14 Sec. 5 Acts Engaging in knowing or reckless conduct, personally or through another, that alarms or causes substantial emotional or psychological distress including: (1) stalking (2) peering in window; lingering outside the residence (3)entering or remaining in the property 13

15 Sec. 5 (3) entering or remaining in the house or on the property (4) destroying property and personal belongings or causing harm to animals, pets (5) engaging in any form of harassment or violence * 14

16 Sec. 5 Acts Causing mental or emotional anguish, public ridicule, humiliation including repeated verbal and emotional abuse* denial of financial support or custody of minor children or denial of access to the woman’s child * * PRESCRIPTION PERIOD: 10 years. All others, 20 years 15

17 Purpose of Protection Orders to prevent further acts of violence against a woman or her child. to safeguard the victim from further harm to minimize disruption in victim ’ s daily life give her the opportunity and ability to regain control over her life. 16

18 Kinds of Protection Orders Barangay P.O. – 15 days; not extendible Temporary Protection Order – 30 days + Permanent Protection Order 17

19 Protection Orders Prohibition from threatening or committing, personally or through another, any of acts in Sec. 5 Prohibition from harassing, telephoning, contacting Removal and exclusion from the residence regardless of ownership, temporarily or permanently where no property rights are violated 18

20 Protection Orders Stay away from petitioner, any designated family or household member Law enforcer to accompany petitioner to the residence, ensure possession of automobile and personal effects; supervise respondent ’ s removal of belongings Temporary or permanent custody of child Support – automatic remittance of salary or income by employer DSWD or LGU to provide shelter and social services 19

21 Who may file for Protection Orders (P.O.) Offended party Parents or guardians Ascendants, descendants, collateral relatives within 4 th degree of consanguinity or affinity Social workers of DSWD or LGUs Police officers Punong Barangay or kagawad Lawyer, counselor, therapist, healthcare provider At least 2 citizens of the city or municipality who have personal knowledge of the offense 20

22 Barangay Protection Order Issued by Punong Barangay or any kagawad Ex parte; no mediaton or conciliation 15 days only; not extendible ordering perpetrator to desist from committing or threatening physical harm 30 days imprisonment for violation of BPO 21

23 Venue for Protection Order Family Court where the woman resides, or If none, file it in the RTC, Metropolitan Trial Court, Municipal Trial Court, or Mun. Circuit Trial Court where the woman resides 22

24 Temporary Protection Order Issued by the Court on the day of filing Ex parte ; Priority over all other cases Effective for 30 days; extendible Stay away order, temporary custody and support to woman and/or her children, use of community/conjugal property Bond to Keep the Peace Enforceable anywhere in the country No mediation; no conciliation 23

25 Permanent Protection Order issued after notice and hearing custody, support to the woman and/or her children respondent to leave the residence permanently with Bond to Keep the Peace may be appealed 24

26 Battered Woman Syndrome (BWS) scientifically defined pattern of psychological and behavioral symptoms found in women living in battering relationships as a result of cumulative abuse. justifying circumstance A victim with BWS can have custody of her children Perpetrator of crime against a woman with BWS shall not have custody of children 25

27 BWS in Pp. vs. Genosa (Jan. 2004) A woman with BWS is one “ who is repeatedly subjected to any forceful physical or psychological behavior by a man in order to coerce her to do something he wants her to do without concern for her rights ” 26

28 Exemption from liability NO CRIMINAL, CIVIL, ADMINISTRATIVE LIABILITY : Any person, private individual, police authority, barangay official acting in accordance with law, who responds or intervenes without using violence or restraint greater than necessary to ensure safety of the victim 27

29 Rights of victims Right to be treated with respect & dignity; Legal assistance; support services from DSWD, LGUs To be informed of their rights and services available Additional 10 day paid leave from work aside from present paid leave benefits 28

30 Rights of victims Right to be treated with respect & dignity; Legal assistance; support services from DSWD, LGUs To be informed of their rights and services available Additional 10 day paid leave from work aside from present paid leave benefits 29

31 Rowena V. Guanzon, LLB, MPA Weblog: Tel Mobile:


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