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American Indians Death Beliefs and Burial Customs (Canine page 23)

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Presentation on theme: "American Indians Death Beliefs and Burial Customs (Canine page 23)"— Presentation transcript:

1 American Indians Death Beliefs and Burial Customs (Canine page 23)

2 Santee Sioux  Dakotas, Nebraska, Montana, Manitoba and Saskatchewan  Death Beliefs: 4 souls –2 souls served old Sioux funeral rites –1 soul never leaves the body/vicinity –1 soul sets out on 4 day journey to the land of the spirits

3 When Death Occurs  tearing/renting garments  cut their hair  inflict pain on themselves  men paint their face black  fire single gunshot into the air

4 Preparation of the Deceased  women perform this task  face painted red  hair trimmed  dressed in their best clothing

5 Platform  constructed by men for temporary burial  clipped horse and human hair  represented the “Air” stage of burial  deceased left on platform for 1 year  food and gifts

6 Community Mound Burial  shallow grave: “Earth” stage  graves fenced in to keep away dogs and wolves

7 Four-Day Rites  First Day: families gather –food is brought and eaten –possessions burned if not suitable  Second, Third, and Fourth Day: –quiet and sober –food passed through cedar smoke

8 Mourning  end of the Four-Day Rites  child: usually 1 season  adult: usually 1 year

9 Lakota Tribe  3 distinct ceremonies surrounding the death of Tribe members

10 “Wacekiyapi” (First)  4 day mourning period  burial scaffold  deceased placed on scaffold after 4 days  belongings placed on scaffold

11 “Spirit Keeping Ceremony” (Second)  elaborate  lasts 1 year  portable tipi  lock of hair wrapped with special clothing: “spirit bundle”  bowl to feed the spirit

12 Third Ceremony  after 1 year to release the spirit  special clothing  painted likeness of the deceased  pole is dressed in new garments  pipe ceremony and prayer  tribe elder or medicine man will close the ceremony: “Spirit Road”  feast  “community burial mound”

13 White Buffalo Ceremony  most elaborate of the burial rituals  done in conjunction with the “Spirit Keeping Ceremony”  white buffalo skin  skin is adorned with various symbols  headdress for the tribe leaders

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