Maj. Philip D. Ambard, 44, of Buckley Air Force Base, Colo. Maj. Jeffrey O. Ausborn, 41, of Randolph Air Force Base, Texas. Maj. David L. Brodeur, 34, of Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson Master Sgt. Tara R. Brown, 33, of Andrews-Naval Air Facility, Md. Maj. Raymond G. Estelle II, 40, of Joint Base Langley-Eustis, Va. Capt. Nathan J. Nylander, 35, of Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Ariz. Maj. Charles A. Ransom, 31, of Langley-Eustis Mr. Jim McLaughlin…USA Lt Col (ret) and Contractor “The NATO Air Training Command Afghanistan 9”
Insider Threat Definition NOT related to proximity – Example: Close quarters attack General Concept: – An attack by someone who is in a position of trust
Tactic as Old as History Trojan Horse Julius Caesar Benazir Bhutto
Afghan History 1839 to 1919: Three Anglo-Afghan wars Extensive employment of advisors to lead indigenous units Afghan soldiers frequently deserted and employed tactics learned in British service against the British-Indian army Numerous Insider Attacks against advisors, diplomats and their families 1979 to 1989: Soviet occupation Soviet advisors killed by ANA as whole units defected to the Mujahadeen. Relatively few Insider Attacks due to Soviet TTPs for employing advisors Announcement of withdrawal in 1987 led to initial increase, but Soviet response stopped it
Taliban Perspective "This year's spring operation, in accordance with its combat nature, will consist of special military tactics quantity and quality wise while successful insider attacks, to eliminate foreign invaders, will be carried out by infiltrating Mujahideen inside enemy bases in a systematic and coordinated manner. Similarly, collective martyrdom operations on bases of foreign invaders, their diplomatic centers and military airbases will be even further structured while every possible tactic will be utilized in order to detain or inflict heavy casualties on the foreign transgressors." Leadership Council of Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan Spring 2013 Offensive Statement. Total number of Insider Attacks per year: 2007: 2 2008: 2 2009: 6 2010: 11 2011: 20 2012: 46 2013: 9 (thru 28 Sep)
Lack of Cultural Awareness Leads to Attacks Koran Burning Ramazan
Mitigation IT Handbook CALL Video CALL Pocket Guide COMISAF Directives Insider Threat Mitigation Team Pre-Deployment and In-country Training – Cultural Awareness Training!