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COMMANDANT’S SPECIAL INTEREST BRIEF

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1 COMMANDANT’S SPECIAL INTEREST BRIEF
Introduction: Our team, what we do (travel around the world every other week inspecting Marines). We are the “eyes and ears” of the Commandant. We inspect for the CMC as well as listen to the Fleet to take information BACK to the Commandant. Today we will bring you items of concern for our Commandant, thus items of concern for our Corps. If we address these issues and fox them, we can move on to the most important aspect of our Corps; fighting and winning our nations wars. Some background on this brief… this was built to be a minute hard hitting presentation to reach out to our year old Marine. It is broken into parts to keep them moving, thinking, laughing and AWAKE! If we don’t get through to them, they won’t hear, and if they don’t hear, we will continue to harass, haze and kill Marines. What is our measure of effectiveness? It is hard to tell, could it be the Marine who decides not to drive drunk, or counsels a suicidal peer, or stops a Marine with criminal sexual intent…it can’t be measured…but we must try to get through. SgtMaj, IGMC

2 General Joseph F. Dunford, 36th Commandant of the Marine Corps
Commandant’s Message Despite these accomplishments, much work remains to be done. As Marines, we maintain the highest standards and we constantly seek to improve. We will continue to attack by: -- Maintaining a first-rate, well-trained total force of Marines in a high state of readiness. -- Prioritizing the support of those Marines in harm's way. -- Developing and fielding MAGTF capabilities that will ensure that the Marine Corps remains an innovative, relevant, naval, expeditionary force-in-readiness. -- Building upon our success in leader development, professional military education, wounded warrior care, and family readiness. General Joseph F. Dunford, 36th Commandant of the Marine Corps

3 Agenda Impact on Force Readiness: Taking Care Of Our Own
Education, awareness, & responsibilities Impact on our force

4 Social Media Combat Operational Stress Hazing Sexual Assault Suicides
The Marine Corps Social Media Combat Operational Stress Hazing Sexual Assault Suicides

5 Social Media 96% of people under age 30 have joined a social network
*Social media is accepted and used by the Services to recruit, link families and push information *Everything you publish online has the potential to be seen by everyone –not just your friends/family- *The Social Corps handbook Areas of concerns that will consume a lot of your time if your programs are delinquent. You Tube 5

6 Social Media * Marines.mil website for guidance
MARINES SHOULD USE THEIR BEST JUDGMENT AT ALL TIMES AND AVOID INAPPROPRIATE BEHAVIOR THAT COULD BRING DISCREDIT UPON THEMSELVES, THEIR UNIT, AND THE MARINE CORPS THIS INCLUDES POSTING ANY DEFAMATORY, LIBELOUS, ABUSIVE, THREATENING, RACIALLY OR ETHNICALLY HATEFUL OR OTHERWISE OFFENSIVE OR ILLEGAL CONTENT VIOLATIONS OF FEDERAL LAW AND DOD REGULATIONS OR POLICIES MAY RESULT IN DISCIPLINARY ACTION UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE * Marines.mil website for guidance - MARADMIN 181/10 - MARADMIN 365/10 Areas of concerns that will consume a lot of your time if your programs are delinquent. 6

7 Early Warning Signs of Combat Stress
Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep Unusual fatigue Difficulty concentrating Unexplained physical illness Apathy or carelessness Lack of temper control Repeated dreams about bad experiences Uncontrollable pounding heart, sweating, or breathing Desire to isolate yourself from other people

8 Where to get help Chain of Command Chaplain Corpsman
Unit medical officer Marine & Family Services Community Counseling Services (CCP) OSCAR behavioral health professional Naval hospital or clinic Vet Centers (www.vetcenter.va.gov)

9 Hazing Conduct by one military member to another that causes suffering or exposure to an activity that is cruel, abusive, humiliating or oppressive, demeaning, or harmful Updated Hazing order MCO B dtd 20 May 2013 (OPREP-3) Hazing Functional Area Checklist 030 Includes but is not limited to: Physically striking another to inflict pain Soliciting or coercing another to perpetrate any such activity is hazing Piercing another’s skin in any manner Encouraging another to excessively consume alcohol Encouraging another to engage in illegal, harmful, demeaning or dangerous acts Playing abusive or ridiculous tricks Threatening or offering violence or bodily harm to another 9

10 Hazing Why we don’t Haze each other: Respect, dignity, compassion
Marines take care of Marines Warrior Ethos Core Values Morality and Character Standard Bearer 10

11 Hazing What to do about hazing? Stop the hazing!
Inform your superiors using the chain of command If your immediate superiors are involved: Request Mast to your Commanding Officer or Commanding General Notify your Command Inspector Call the IGMC Hotline at (703) /9 or DSN /9 Use the “Hotline Procedures” found at the “Inspector General” link on 11

12 Sexual Assault Marines…we have a significant issue with Sexual Assault inside our Corps – let me be clear on how I view this and where I stand. Sexual Assault is an ugly mark on our proud reputation; it goes against everything we claim to be as United States Marines…it is a crime. This crime is not only completely incompatible with our core values of honor, courage, and commitment, it is an affront to the basic American principles we so bravely defend.

13 2014 SAPR report to POTUS Progress across lines of effort:
Prevention Investigation Accountability Victim advocacy/assistance Assessment Effective deterrence Empowered reporting Zero tolerance

14 Sexual Assault Prevalence of Sexual Assault in the USMC*
Of those reports for which data is available: Over 75% of the victims were 18-24 Over 85% of victims held the rank of E-1 to E-4 Over 50% of assaults occurred between Friday & Saturday Over half of all cases involved alcohol use Over half of the incidents were Service Member on Service Member *Data from Department of Defense Annual Report on Sexual Assault in the Military In 2009, the Secretary of Defense ordered all services to conduct a sexual assault assessment to determine the if the existing programs were effective and what further actions needed to be done. From the study in 2009 we gathered the facts depicted on this slide and they are still relevant today. So, we must remain vigilant to these facts as we Lead, Teach, and Supervise our Marines. The next slide shows what we have done about this issue.

15 Training Take A Stand Bystander Intervention Training
Newly promoted NCO’s 3 Hour Training Program: Videos, Mini-Lectures, Guided Discussions, Activities Taught by Uniformed Victim Advocates MARADMIN 288/14 released 17 June 2014 (STEP UP) Annual Training requirements for all Marines Pre-Deployment Training Civilian training Bystander intervention applies to all Marines because it exemplifies the core values, ethics, and motto of the Marine Corps. The premise of bystander intervention is to encourage everyone to be aware of the times when they can take action and then to do so at every opportunity. There is not one correct way to respond nor is there only one opportunity. In fact, there are often many chances to take action and several ways to do so. Examples of active bystander intervention include: Intervening if a person is noticeably drunk and someone intends to have sex with that person in the drunken state. Speaking up when someone is making degrading sexist remarks. Cautiously and safely intervening to de-escalate a situation if a couple are arguing and one starts to become aggressive. Talking to a friend to ensure they are okay or determine if they want to leave a situation that appears uncomfortable or dangerous. Making up an excuse to help a friend get away from someone who is bothering them or is a potential threat. Calling the police for assistance if intervention is unsafe. Informing a bartender or party host if someone had too much to drink. Pointing out someone's disrespectful behavior or comments in a safe and respectful manner. Removing a friend from a risky situation. Ask participants: What are some other examples of bystander intervention? The five steps for taking action are: Notice the event along a continuum of actions: What did you see or hear that concerns you? Consider whether the situation demands your action: How does the situation affect you or someone else? Decide if you have a responsibility to act: What do Marine Corps values tell you? Choose what form of assistance to use: What can you do? What can you encourage others to do? Are there others in a better position to act? If so, how do you get them involved - e.g. go to the Duty? What are the risks for taking action? Understand how to implement the choice safely: Do you know how to implement your choice? Would you? What would prevent you from intervening? Activity Instructions Tell the learners that you will be reading a scenario to the group in which you want them to use the model of “five steps for taking action” to determine their responses, if any. Read the scenario. Talk through each of the 5 steps and ask them to assess the scenario by reading the questions following each step listed above (e.g. What did you see or hear that concerns you?) Repeat with each scenario as time allows. Scenario 1: You are in front of the commissary talking with a woman in your unit. Three Marines walk by looking at her and making remarks about her body. A few minutes later you hear one Marine say: “I’d like to hit that” and they all laugh. Your female friend is obviously embarrassed. What would you do? Scenario 2: You are talking with two friends. Both of them are Marines. One begins to talk about how he is planning a date with a woman he just met. He wants to go someplace where the drinks are cheap and plentiful so she will get drunk and be more ‘ready’ to go back to his place afterwards. He goes on to tell you about how he has done this several times before because it’s an easy way to get ‘laid’. He then says that most of the time the women don’t even remember having sex so it’s a great hook up with no obligation for a second date. He asks if you have any ideas about where they should go for drinks. What would you say? Scenario 3: You have just come back to base from a night out with some friends. As you enter the barracks, you see a male and female together, both visibly intoxicated. You recognize the man as a Marine in your unit. The woman is falling down and slurring her speech. The man is holding her up and leading her down the hallway toward his room. They are kissing and touching each other in a sexual way. The woman is giggling but stops to say she is feeling very dizzy and sick. The male Marine says that he’ll take care of her. They go into his room and soon you hear some loud noises that concern you so you decide to go to the door to see if you can tell what’s going on. You hear the woman say, “I’m going to be sick. I need to go. Where are my pants?” and the man replies, “It’s okay. I won’t hurt you. I thought you wanted to do this. Just lie still and the dizziness will go away.”

16 USMC Suicides & Attempts
CY Suicides Attempts 2010 37 172 2011 33 175 2012 48 179 2013 45 212 2014 35 241 2 31 We train our Marines to deal with extraordinary circumstances and they perform magnificently. Yet, some of them when faced with manageable life time crisis situations elect to take their lives instead of facing the challenges in front of them. Again, we need to find ways to unlock their brains and get them to take the right path willingly. - The Risk Factors are compiled by DoD and Marine Corps staff which monitors the program, but the numbers for says a lot about empowering our Marines and Sailors “coping skills” - As you can see with our Suicide Numbers and Attempts we are doing a better job in 2011. - Keep in mind the loss for the unit, family and the Marine Corps. Even if a suicide attempt is made, that Marine is no longer fully deployable due to the need to constantly ensure they keep themselves safe. - Now our intent is to push Awareness and Prevention at all levels so we can Apply Leadership and Assistance before someone contemplates suicide.

17 80% of suicide attempts / suicides show some warning sign
Suicide Warning Signs Threatening suicide or self-harm Putting affairs in order Giving away favorite possessions Depression and hopelessness Increased presence of angry, aggressive, or impulsive behaviors Decline in job performance and/or appearance Social isolation and/or withdrawal from family Drug or alcohol abuse 80% of all suicide attempts and suicides show symptoms of potential suicidal behavior before the attempt 80% of suicide attempts / suicides show some warning sign

18 Engage Suicide Civilian research shows that the greatest barrier to seeking help in the civilian world is stigma. How much more true is this in the military. Research from the Department of the Navy Suicide Incident Report research project, which has been collecting data on all Marine Corps and Navy suicides since 1999, supports the notion of perceived stigma for seeking help. This research shows that in the month prior suicide, at the peak of their crisis, 77% of Marines and Sailors did not ask for help from Medical or any other assistance agency, and 38% had not sought help within the year prior. It was also found that not one individual with alcohol or drug involvement at the time of suicide was found to have received treatment for substance abuse. If seeking help were ok, and even encouraged to maximize personal readiness, I suspect more of them would have done so. The services are readily available. Reducing the stigma for seeking help in the service, not just the Marine Corps, will require a change in culture, and will be a long-term effort. The last item pertains to some public service announcements by the NIMH to promote the value of help-seeking behavior among men using real-life examples who show they sought help and lived to succeed. It would be helpful to air these on Armed Services networks. The Marine Corps is also participating in a “Purple” set of anti-suicide public-service announcement being produced this week by the Air Force. 18

19 Suicide Prevention/Intervention
Community Counseling Program (CCP) Suicide Prevention Training DStress Line Military Family Life Consultants (MFLC) Messaging to Combat Stigma Family COSC Operational Stress Control and Readiness (OSCAR) https://www.manpower.usmc.mil/portal/page/portal (behavior health) INTERVENTION Marine Intercept Program (MIP) Community Counseling Program (CCP) Behavioral Health and BUMED MOU

20 Unit Marine Awareness and Prevention Integrated Training (UMAPIT)
MARADMIN 512/14 Effective 1 January 2015, UMAPIT replaces the annual training requirements Never Leave A Marine Behind Substance Abuse Child Abuse Domestic Violence Prevention Training Training materials available online The Never Leave a Marine Behind, Suicide Prevention Training series introduces the acronym R.A.C.E. as the accepted method to identify and take care of Marines and sailors showing signs of being “at risk” for suicide behavior. This acronym is taught during the annual NLMB training. NLMB is now being taught to all Marines and Sailors assigned to Marine units in the following courses: -Jr. Marine NLMB Course -NCO NLMB Course -SNCO NLMB Course -Officer NLMB Course

21 Alcohol Abuse and Synthetic Drugs

22 Impact of Substance Abuse
Substance Abuse is associated with: Traffic Fatalities / Injuries Recreational Fatalities / Injuries Attempted Suicides / Completed Sexual Assault Rape - Offender / Victim Touches each area of a Marine’s life 22

23 Binge Drinking Heavy consumption over short period of time
Leadership involvement Marine Corps leading services Not a gender specific problem Taking care of Marines

24 Personal Readiness 3. Education & Training
1. Individual Responsibility Take personal responsibility Know yourself and seek self improvement Intervene on fellow Marine’s behalf Embody fitness of body, mind, and spirit 2. Engaged Leadership and Accountability Establish intent/Generate buy-in Set the example/inspire Know your Marines and look out for their welfare Instill fitness of body, mind, and spirit Supervise Foster healthy relationships Know available resources  3. Education & Training Top-down Leadership approach Small group discussion Nested within all facets of training (VBL/T) Entry-level through PME Leverage MarineNET sustainment Alcohol Risk Assessment Course (18-24 y/o) 4. Treatment Improve tracking of alcohol treatment Availability and standardization of treatment Remove stigma associated with self-referrals Professionalize command SACO billet Today’s focus is on alcohol and operational readiness.

25 Synthetic Drugs Spice Ivory Wave Mephedrone
Sold as herbal incense – not for human consumption Herbal Smoking Blends Contain various synthetic compounds Smoked for marijuana-like effects (physical & mental) Ivory Wave Sold as bath salts – not for human consumption Comes in the form of tablets or a powder Can be swallowed, snorted, or injected Similar effects as Cocaine, MDMA and Amphetamines Mephedrone Sold as plant food – not for human consumption Chemically related to amphetamine Effects Increased media reports of use in US 25

26 Policy As of 1 March 2011, five of the substances used to make “fake marijuana” are on the DEA’s controlled substance list. This makes smoking Spice ILLEGAL. MARADMIN 364/14: Drug testing and Alcohol Screening Programs/Amplifying guidance Alcohol abuse and the distribution, possession, use, trafficking or distribution of illegal drugs or drug paraphernalia is contrary to the effective performance of Marines and to the Marine Corps mission, and will not be tolerated. The way ahead is through prevention and awareness vice urinalysis DEA added 5 more compound to their control list (JWH-018, JWH-073, JWH-200, CP-47,497 & C8 homologue) using emergency scheduling authority (1 Mar 2011) According to the DEA, placement of these synthetic cannabinoids into Schedule I of the CSA is necessary to avoid an imminent hazard to the public safety. Finalization of this action will impose criminal sanctions and regulatory controls on the manufacture, distribution, possession, importation, and exportation of these synthetic cannabinoids

27 Safety: What’s Killing Marines?

28 Off Duty Deaths FY15 5 PMV fatalities 5 Motorcycle fatality
3 Other (pedestrian, alcohol, PT) FY14 17 PMV fatalities 13 Motorcycle fatality 13 Other (fall x2, sky diving, flying x2, hypothermia, firearm, water x2) FY13 10 PMV fatalities 14 Motorcycle fatality 9 Other (train, carbon monoxide, swim, immolation, fall, off road, firearm) We need to focus on prevention, education and practicing good safety. We have had an increase of motorcycle fatalities.

29 Motorcycle Initiatives
Motorcycle Training Basic Riders Course (BRC) Experienced Riders Course (ERC) Military Sport bike Riders Course (MSRC) Advanced Rider Track Days (ARTD) Mentorship Program / Unit Motorcycle Clubs Forums – Where the riders talk Events – News about upcoming events and rides Motorcycle Info – Info on buying your first bike Where to Ride – Dirt bike Tracks & Street bike Tracks Purchase Gear – Links and coupons to purchase motorcycle gear MCTFS Codes – For motorcycle training New Level Two Motorcycle training: Riders Essential Skills Training (REST) Continued education and refresher training at least every 3 years Putting the focus on “There is always something to learn” with multiply levels so the training is fresh and relative Mentorship program aims at Marines teaching Marines about safe and responsibly riding MCTFS Codes – used to track who and to what level Marines are trained using the existing MCTFS database system via MOL Semper Ride utilizes a website and facebook to reach riders

30 Safety

31 Safety

32 Safety

33 United States Marine Corps
USMC – USMC – USMC – USMC – USMC – USMC – USMC – USMC – USMC - USMC – USMC – USMC – USMC – USMC – USMC – USMC – USMC – USMC - USMC USMUSMC – USMC – USMC – USMC – USMC – USMC – USMC - – USMC – USMC – USMC – USMC – USMC USMC – USMC – “We will keep faith with our Marines, Our sailors, and our families.” And at the end of the day, this is what it is all about. Keeping Faith with our Marines, our Sailors, and our Families in their journey through the Corps. It was not too long ago when You and I were the faces in this picture. We needed mentorship and guidance as we learned the systems of duty, performance, conduct etc in our Marine Corps. Well, these young Warriors need you mentorship and positive and inclusive leadership more than ever now. As we begin Transition from AFG and Drawdown we need to keep these Warriors very well informed. Well informed Marines are usually solid performing Marines. You see at the end of the day our Marines expect 3 things from us as their Leaders: Slide. 33


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