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Recognizing and Reporting Child Abuse/Neglect Child Development Services I dren.com/apps/photos/photo.jsp?photo ID=14059242.

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Presentation on theme: "Recognizing and Reporting Child Abuse/Neglect Child Development Services I dren.com/apps/photos/photo.jsp?photo ID=14059242."— Presentation transcript:

1 Recognizing and Reporting Child Abuse/Neglect Child Development Services I dren.com/apps/photos/photo.jsp?photo ID= dren.com/apps/photos/photo.jsp?photo ID=

2 Overview This curriculum was developed to fulfill requirements of KRS et se. and is designed to provide child care providers orientation to child abuse recognition and reporting. It will provide basic information on:This curriculum was developed to fulfill requirements of KRS et se. and is designed to provide child care providers orientation to child abuse recognition and reporting. It will provide basic information on: Child abuse and neglectChild abuse and neglect Indicators of abuse/neglectIndicators of abuse/neglect Reporting suspected abuseReporting suspected abuse Responsibilities of childcare programs to prevent child abuseResponsibilities of childcare programs to prevent child abuse

3 Recognizing and Reporting Child Abuse/Neglect Definition of Child Abuse and NeglectDefinition of Child Abuse and Neglect KRS (1) states:KRS (1) states: “Abused or neglected child” means a child whose health or welfare is harmed or threatened with harm when his/her parent, guardian or other person exercising custodial control or supervision of the child; inflicts or allows to be inflicted upon the child, physical, or emotional injury by other than accidental means; creates or allows to be created a risk of physical or emotional injury by other than accidental means; creates or allows to be crated a risk of physical or emotional injury to the child by other than accidental means; commits or allows to be committed an act of sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, or prostitution upon the child; abandons or exploits such child; does not provide the child with adequate care, supervision, food, clothing, shelter and education or medical care necessary for the child’s well-being. A parent or other person exercising custodial control or supervision of the child legitimately practicing his religious beliefs shall not be considered a negligent parent solely because he fails to provide specified medical treatment for a child for that reason alone. This exception shall not preclude a court from ordering necessary medical services for a child.“Abused or neglected child” means a child whose health or welfare is harmed or threatened with harm when his/her parent, guardian or other person exercising custodial control or supervision of the child; inflicts or allows to be inflicted upon the child, physical, or emotional injury by other than accidental means; creates or allows to be created a risk of physical or emotional injury by other than accidental means; creates or allows to be crated a risk of physical or emotional injury to the child by other than accidental means; commits or allows to be committed an act of sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, or prostitution upon the child; abandons or exploits such child; does not provide the child with adequate care, supervision, food, clothing, shelter and education or medical care necessary for the child’s well-being. A parent or other person exercising custodial control or supervision of the child legitimately practicing his religious beliefs shall not be considered a negligent parent solely because he fails to provide specified medical treatment for a child for that reason alone. This exception shall not preclude a court from ordering necessary medical services for a child.

4 Recognizing and Reporting Child Abuse/Neglect 4 Types PhysicalPhysical NeglectNeglect SexualSexual EmotionalEmotional

5 Physical Abuse Definition: Physical Abuse is the non- accidental injury of a child by a parent, guardian, or designated temporary or permanent caretaker.Physical Abuse is the non- accidental injury of a child by a parent, guardian, or designated temporary or permanent caretaker.

6 Examples of Physical Abuse HittingBitingHittingBiting Choking BurningChoking Burning ShakingSlappingShakingSlapping KickingBeatingKickingBeating Missing or loosened teethMissing or loosened teeth Injuries inflicted with objectsInjuries inflicted with objects

7 Physical Indicators Lack of supervisionLack of supervision Lack of adequate clothingLack of adequate clothing Repeated illnesses (colds, flu)Repeated illnesses (colds, flu) Poor hygiene, chronically dirtyPoor hygiene, chronically dirty Untreated injuriesUntreated injuries Poor condition of teethPoor condition of teeth Lack of adequate nutritionLack of adequate nutrition Severe/persistent skin disordersSevere/persistent skin disorders

8 Behavioral Indicators Consistently complains of hungerConsistently complains of hunger Begs or steals foodBegs or steals food Poor attendance at school/centerPoor attendance at school/center Inappropriate seeking of attentionInappropriate seeking of attention Assumes adult responsibilitiesAssumes adult responsibilities States there is no caretakerStates there is no caretaker Severe developmental lagsSevere developmental lags

9 Sexual Abuse Definition:Definition: Sexual abuse is any act that exploits or offends a child sexually, including physical and emotional aspects of sexual abuse. It is any act that interferes with healthy sexual development. Contact between an adult or older child when the child is being used for sexual stimulation

10 Examples of Sexual Abuse Indecent exposure Showing pornographic materials Touching sexual organs Making a child touch an adult sexually Attempted or actual sexual intercourse Rape/sexual pornography Child prostitution Sex rings

11 Physical Indicators Difficulty walking or sittingDifficulty walking or sitting Discomfort in genital areaDiscomfort in genital area Difficulty urinating, or complains of burningDifficulty urinating, or complains of burning Child has pain when excreting or suffers retention of fecesChild has pain when excreting or suffers retention of feces Frequent headaches or stomach achesFrequent headaches or stomach aches Sexually transmitted diseasesSexually transmitted diseases

12 Behavioral Indicators Tells stories of sexual natureTells stories of sexual nature Acts out sexual behavior with adults, other children or toysActs out sexual behavior with adults, other children or toys Combination of violence and sexuality in artwork, written schoolwork, language or playCombination of violence and sexuality in artwork, written schoolwork, language or play Sudden fear of a person, place, or activitySudden fear of a person, place, or activity Reports sleeping disturbancesReports sleeping disturbances Over-eating or under-eatingOver-eating or under-eating Withdraws from recreational activitiesWithdraws from recreational activities Wears layered clothing for protection or to be unappealingWears layered clothing for protection or to be unappealing

13 continued Fear of being alone with an adult Fear of being alone with an adult Fear or repulsion when touched by an adult of either sexFear or repulsion when touched by an adult of either sex Violence against younger childrenViolence against younger children Self-mutilationSelf-mutilation Fear of bathrooms or showersFear of bathrooms or showers Expression of knowledge of sexual matters that is inappropriate for the child’s age or stage of developmentExpression of knowledge of sexual matters that is inappropriate for the child’s age or stage of development Refusal to undress for physical education or extreme concern that someone may see them when they undressRefusal to undress for physical education or extreme concern that someone may see them when they undress Excessive or public masturbationExcessive or public masturbation

14 Emotional/Verbal Abuse Definition: Emotional/Verbal Abuse is any action that causes damage to a child’s self-esteem or in any way interferes with a child’s psycho- logical, intellectual, or emotional development.

15 Examples of Emotional/Verbal Abuse Ignores child’s physical/emotional needsIgnores child’s physical/emotional needs Active rejection/withdrawal of loveActive rejection/withdrawal of love Terrorizes/threatens childTerrorizes/threatens child Cruel, bizarre/inconsistent punishmentCruel, bizarre/inconsistent punishment Isolates/restricts child for long periodsIsolates/restricts child for long periods Denies child food, shelter, or sleep as a punishmentDenies child food, shelter, or sleep as a punishment Corrupts child by encouraging antisocial/unacceptable behaviorCorrupts child by encouraging antisocial/unacceptable behavior Exposes child to unwholesome, demoralizing circumstancesExposes child to unwholesome, demoralizing circumstances

16 Physical Indicators Failure to thriveFailure to thrive Feeling of abandonmentFeeling of abandonment Addiction to drugs/alcoholAddiction to drugs/alcohol Vandalizing/destroying objectsVandalizing/destroying objects Lags in developmentLags in development Isolation/excessive restrictionsIsolation/excessive restrictions Injuries self/othersInjuries self/others

17 Behavioral Indicators Extreme ranges of behavior and attitudesExtreme ranges of behavior and attitudes ImpulsiveImpulsive Socially immatureSocially immature Poor self imagePoor self image Negative view of the worldNegative view of the world Unusually fearfulUnusually fearful Excessively aggressiveExcessively aggressive Sexually precociousSexually precocious Involved with drugs and/or alcoholInvolved with drugs and/or alcohol

18 Characteristics of Potentially Abusive Neglectful Adults Poor parenting skillsPoor parenting skills Unreasonable expectations for childUnreasonable expectations for child Undue fear of spoiling childUndue fear of spoiling child Parental attitudes/religious beliefs in necessity for harsh physical disciplineParental attitudes/religious beliefs in necessity for harsh physical discipline Hostility and aggressiveness with a high acceptance of violenceHostility and aggressiveness with a high acceptance of violence Multi-generational history of violence or domestic abuseMulti-generational history of violence or domestic abuse Emotional dependency of a non-abusive spouse to the point he/se with not intervene in the abuse and will protect the abuserEmotional dependency of a non-abusive spouse to the point he/se with not intervene in the abuse and will protect the abuser Stresses such as martial problem, presence of extended family members, lack of social contract, unemployment, poor housing and financial problemsStresses such as martial problem, presence of extended family members, lack of social contract, unemployment, poor housing and financial problems Severe emotional pressure or mental illnessSevere emotional pressure or mental illness Mental retardation is more prevalent in neglectful families with alcohol/drug involvementMental retardation is more prevalent in neglectful families with alcohol/drug involvement

19 Distinguishing Accidents From Abuse Location of the injury:Location of the injury: Common accidental injury locations include knees, elbows, shins and forehead. Suspicious locations are the protected body parts and soft tissue area (the face, back, thighs, genital areas, buttocks, or the backs of legs.Common accidental injury locations include knees, elbows, shins and forehead. Suspicious locations are the protected body parts and soft tissue area (the face, back, thighs, genital areas, buttocks, or the backs of legs.

20 Number and Frequency of Injuries Multiple injuries in different stages of healing or a number of injuries to a child who has not been involved in a serious accident is a cause of concernMultiple injuries in different stages of healing or a number of injuries to a child who has not been involved in a serious accident is a cause of concern

21 Size and shape of the injury: Non-accidental injuries may leave a print/pattern of a shoe, belt buckle, brush, a cigarette burn, etc.Non-accidental injuries may leave a print/pattern of a shoe, belt buckle, brush, a cigarette burn, etc.

22 Description of how the injury occurred: Accidental injuries have a reasonable explanation. Abuse injuries may not match their explanation.Accidental injuries have a reasonable explanation. Abuse injuries may not match their explanation.

23 Injury consistent with child’s developmental abilities: For example, a two week-old infant does not have the movement capability to self- inflict a bruise.For example, a two week-old infant does not have the movement capability to self- inflict a bruise.

24 Kentucky Unified Juvenile Code KRS KRS KRS , KRS , KRS KRS KRS KRS KRS , KRS , KRS KRS –These statutes established and services designed to protect children from abuse and neglect. The code has two basic principles: 1) A child’s basic right to be safe and nurtured, and 2) A child’s basic right to be raised by his/her own parents, whenever possible.

25 Reporting Requirement The statute (law) requires that anyone who knows or has reasonable cause to believe a child is neglected or abused must immediately report it to their local Department for Social Service office, law enforcement agency, or to the reporting hotline at (Exceptions lawyer/client, clergy/penitent)The statute (law) requires that anyone who knows or has reasonable cause to believe a child is neglected or abused must immediately report it to their local Department for Social Service office, law enforcement agency, or to the reporting hotline at (Exceptions lawyer/client, clergy/penitent)

26 LIABILITY Anyone who reports information in good faith or gives testimony in good faith in regard to possible child abuse is not subject to prosecution.Anyone who reports information in good faith or gives testimony in good faith in regard to possible child abuse is not subject to prosecution.

27 FAILURE TO REPORT Failure to report is a misdemeanor and could result in prosecution. Each incident is considered a separate offense.Failure to report is a misdemeanor and could result in prosecution. Each incident is considered a separate offense. The law clearly states that the failure to report child abuse and neglect can result in criminal charges that can carry a penalty of up to 90 days in jail and a fine of up to $250.The law clearly states that the failure to report child abuse and neglect can result in criminal charges that can carry a penalty of up to 90 days in jail and a fine of up to $250.

28 ABUSE/NEGLECT REPORT The most important factor in protecting a child is to report known or suspected child abuse, neglect and dependency to the Division of Protection and Permanency.The most important factor in protecting a child is to report known or suspected child abuse, neglect and dependency to the Division of Protection and Permanency. Protection begins with identification... And reporting is the key to identifying the child in need of help.Protection begins with identification... And reporting is the key to identifying the child in need of help.

29 WHEN MAKING A REPORT, TRY TO PROVIDE: The child’s identify: name address, age, and location.The child’s identify: name address, age, and location. Name and address of the child’s parent, guardian, or person with custody.Name and address of the child’s parent, guardian, or person with custody. Date, nature and extent of abuse or neglect.Date, nature and extent of abuse or neglect. The identity of the person(s) suspected of abusing or neglecting the child.The identity of the person(s) suspected of abusing or neglecting the child. Any other information helpful in determining the cause of the child’s injury/neglect.Any other information helpful in determining the cause of the child’s injury/neglect.

30 Report of Suspected Child Abuse and Neglect for Child Care Providers Child’s name___________________________ Date of birth___________________________ Name of parent/guardian:________________ Address:______________________________ City:_________________ State: KY Zip____ Phone number:________________________ Directions to home____________________ Types of suspected abuse:_______________ (Please give detailed description including nature and extent of abuse/neglect, time and place abuse/neglect was first suspected.) Description/nature of abuse:_____________________ ______________________________________________ Person making this report:___________________ Date:____________ Supervisor or directory (signature)_________________ was notified on: Date____/_____/_____ Time:___________ AM __________PM ____________________________________________________________________________REFERRAL: Department of Protection and Permanency person this report was given to: Name_______________________________ Date:__________________ Person making the referral:_______________________________________ Comments:___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Follow-up: (use reverse side if necessary)________________________________

31 IMPORTANT PHONE NUMBERS DEPARTMENT FOR PROTECTION AND PERMANENCYDEPARTMENT FOR PROTECTION AND PERMANENCY STATE POLICESTATE POLICE CHILD ABUSE HOTLINE -24- HOURSCHILD ABUSE HOTLINE -24- HOURS PARENT HELP LINEPARENT HELP LINE KENTUCKY OFFICE OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL VICTIM ADVOCACY DIVISION PREVENT CHILD ABUSE KENTUCKY


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