Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit Five: Chapter 26 ascend initiate finite literally infinite lure inflict mania ingeniousnostalgia

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 ascend Ascend means A. to go slowly. B. to go down. C. to move upward. The express elevator ascends directly from the hotel lobby to the restaurant on the twentieth floor. Edgar is the boss’s son, so he expects to ascend to the presidency of the company after his father retires. Ascending musical notes – verb

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Ascend means A. to go slowly. B. to go down. C. to move upward. The express elevator ascends directly from the hotel lobby to the restaurant on the twentieth floor. Edgar is the boss’s son, so he expects to ascend to the presidency of the company after his father retires. If the elevator goes from the lobby to the twentieth floor, it must move upward. Edgar would expect to move upward to the presidency (the highest position) of the company. 1 ascend – verb Ascending musical notes

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 finite – adjective Finite means A. limited. B. endless. C. fine. The earth’s supply of natural resources is finite. If we are not careful, we will use it up. Judging by their endless requests for money, most children don’t seem to realize that their parents’ income is finite.

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Finite means A. limited. B. endless. C. fine. The earth’s supply of natural resources is finite. If we are not careful, we will use it up. Judging by their endless requests for money, most children don’t seem to realize that their parents’ income is finite. If the earth’s supply of natural resources can be used up, it must be limited. If the children make endless requests for money, they must not realize that their parents’ income is limited. 2 finite – adjective

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 infinite Some scientists do not believe the universe is infinite; they think it actually has limits. Dealing with my baby brother, who cries a lot, requires an infinite amount of patience. – adjective Infinite means A. endless. B. known. C. small.

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Some scientists do not believe the universe is infinite; they think it actually has limits. Dealing with my baby brother, who cries a lot, requires an infinite amount of patience. Infinite means A. endless. B. known. C. small. The scientists who think the universe has limits must not believe that it is endless. If the baby brother cries a lot, it would require an endless amount of patience to deal with him. 3 infinite – adjective

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT When Marge is angry, she tries to inflict pain with a cutting remark—a habit that does not make her popular with her classmates. Loud music can eventually inflict permanent damage on your hearing. 4 inflict Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Inflict means A. to prevent. B. to cause. C. to recognize. – verb

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT When Marge is angry, she tries to inflict pain with a cutting remark—a habit that does not make her popular with her classmates. Loud music can eventually inflict permanent damage on your hearing. Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Inflict means A. to prevent. B. to cause. C. to recognize. A cutting remark would cause pain. Loud music can cause permanent damage to one’s hearing. 4 inflict – verb

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Ingenious means A. average. B. unimaginative. C. clever. 5 ingenious – adjective Fran thought she had an ingenious plan to sneak out of the house, but it wasn’t clever enough to fool her grandmother. Few people have been as ingenious as Thomas Edison, inventor of the electric light, the phonograph, and the movie camera.

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Ingenious means A. average. B. unimaginative. C. clever. Fran thought she had an ingenious plan to sneak out of the house, but it wasn’t clever enough to fool her grandmother. Few people have been as ingenious as Thomas Edison, inventor of the electric light, the phonograph, and the movie camera. In the first item, the word clever tells you the meaning of ingenious. In the second item, the person who invented the electric light, the phonograph, and the movie camera must have been clever. 5 ingenious – adjective

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Initiate means A. to remember. B. to begin. C. to oppose. Eric initiated a change in his company’s hiring policy by suggesting that all job openings be advertised. True leaders initiate new practices, rather than simply following other people’s programs. 6 initiate – verb

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Initiate means A. to remember. B. to begin. C. to oppose. Eric initiated a change in his company’s hiring policy by suggesting that all job openings be advertised. True leaders initiate new practices, rather than simply following other people’s programs. If Eric suggested the change in policy, he began the change in policy. In the second item, if a practice is new, it has to be begun by someone. 6 initiate – verb

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Literally means A. exactly. B. angrily. C. fearfully. As a child, Jan took the term “Man in the moon” literally. She was sure she saw his eyes, nose, and mouth up there. When I told my nephew to “go fly a kite,” I was speaking literally—I gave him a kite for his birthday. 7 literally – adverb

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Literally means A. exactly. B. angrily. C. fearfully. As a child, Jan took the term “Man in the moon” literally. She was sure she saw his eyes, nose, and mouth up there. When I told my nephew to “go fly a kite,” I was speaking literally—I gave him a kite for his birthday. If Jan was sure she saw the eyes, nose, and mouth, she must have thought the term “Man in the moon” means exactly what it says. If you give someone a kite and tell him to “go fly a kite,” you mean exactly what you say. 7 literally – adverb

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Lure means A. to force. B. to discourage. C. to tempt. The bakery lured customers by displaying richly decorated cakes and cookies in its windows. The loud music and flashing lights lured many teens to the carnival. 8 lure – verb

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Lure means A. to force. B. to discourage. C. to tempt. The bakery lured customers by displaying richly decorated cakes and cookies in its windows. The loud music and flashing lights lured many teens to the carnival. By displaying richly decorated cakes and cookies, the bakery would be tempting customers. The music and lights would tempt teens to the carnival. 8 lure – verb

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Mania means A. a memory. B. an intense enthusiasm. C. respect. My sister has such a mania for birdwatching that she once climbed a tree to get a better view of a woodpecker. Because he’s so thin, you’d never guess Ken has a mania for chocolate, which he eats daily. 9 mania – noun

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Mania means A. a memory. B. an intense enthusiasm. C. respect. My sister has such a mania for birdwatching that she once climbed a tree to get a better view of a woodpecker. Because he’s so thin, you’d never guess Ken has a mania for chocolate, which he eats daily. Anyone who would climb a tree to get a better view of a woodpecker must have an intense enthusiasm for birdwatching. If Ken eats chocolate daily, he must have an intense enthusiasm for it. 9 mania – noun

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Nostalgia means A. a sense of freedom. B. thoughts of the future. C. a longing for the past. 10 nostalgia Music from the 1940s fills my grandparents with nostalgia because it reminds them of their carefree youth. When he came across an old photo of his Little League team, Jerry was overcome with nostalgia. He wished he could be ten years old again. – noun

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Nostalgia means A. a sense of freedom. B. thoughts of the future. C. a longing for the past. Music from the 1940s fills my grandparents with nostalgia because it reminds them of their carefree youth. When he came across an old photo of his Little League team, Jerry was overcome with nostalgia. He wished he could be ten years old again. If the music reminds the grandparents of their carefree youth, it would fill them with a longing for the past. If Jerry wished he could be ten years old again, he had a longing for the past. 10 nostalgia – noun

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 1.We often _________ conversations with routine questions or comments, such as “How are you today?” or “Hello there.” 2.Although the English alphabet is __________, the possible combinations of its letters are almost endless. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. ascendB. finiteC. infiniteD. inflictE.ingenious F. initiateG. literallyH. lureI. maniaJ. nostalgia

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 1.We often _________ conversations with routine questions or comments, such as “How are you today?” or “Hello there.” 2.Although the English alphabet is __________, the possible combinations of its letters are almost endless. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. ascendB. finiteC. infiniteD. inflictE.ingenious F. initiateG. literallyH. lureI. maniaJ. nostalgia “How are you today” and “Hello there” are ways to start a conversation. The English alphabet is limited. It has only twenty-six letters. initiate finite

25 3.Many people think of dentists as people who actually like to __________ pain. SENTENCE CHECK 1 4.Sue feels a wave of __________ when she thinks about the happy days of her childhood on the farm. 5.The opportunity to be helpful _________s people to such fields as nursing and teaching. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. ascendB. finiteC. infiniteD. inflictE.ingenious F. initiateG. literallyH. lureI. maniaJ. nostalgia

26 3.Many people think of dentists as people who actually like to __________ pain. SENTENCE CHECK 1 4.Sue feels a wave of __________ when she thinks about the happy days of her childhood on the farm. 5.The opportunity to be helpful __________ people to such fields as nursing and teaching. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. ascendB. finiteC. infiniteD. inflictE.ingenious F. initiateG. literallyH. lureI. maniaJ. nostalgia inflict nostalgia lures Many people think dentists like to cause pain. Thinking about the happy days of her childhood would make Sue feel a wave of sadness and longing for that past. People are tempted to go into nursing and teaching by the opportunities those fields offer to be helpful.

27 6.Because of a(n) _______ for the latest computer game, stores couldn’t keep enough in stock. SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.By working hard, Layla quickly _______(e)d the ladder of success, from secretary to office manager. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. ascendB. finiteC. infiniteD. inflictE.ingenious F. initiateG. literallyH. lureI. maniaJ. nostalgia

28 6.Because of a _________ for the latest computer game, stores couldn’t keep enough in stock. SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.By working hard, Layla quickly __________ the ladder of success, from secretary to office manager. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. ascendB. finiteC. infiniteD. inflictE.ingenious F. initiateG. literallyH. lureI. maniaJ. nostalgia If the stores couldn’t keep the game in stock, there must have been extreme enthusiasm for it. If Layla went from secretary to office manager, she must have climbed the ladder of success. mania ascended

29 9.When temperatures are in the nineties, I’m grateful to the __________ person who invented the air conditioner. 8.There are so many stars in the sky that their number seems __________. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. ascendB. finiteC. infiniteD. inflictE.ingenious F. initiateG. literallyH. lureI. maniaJ. nostalgia 10.Felipe kicked the bucket—__________. In other words, he only stubbed his toe; he didn’t die.

30 9.When temperatures are in the nineties, I’m grateful to the __________ person who invented the air conditioner. 10.Felipe kicked the bucket—__________. In other words, he only stubbed his toe; he didn’t die. 8.There are so many stars in the sky that their number seems __________. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. ascendB. finiteC. infiniteD. inflictE.ingenious F. initiateG. literallyH. lureI. maniaJ. nostalgia infinite ingenious literally There are so many stars that their number seems without limit. The person who invented the air conditioner must have been clever. Stubbing one’s toe on a bucket is “kicking the bucket” according to the exact meaning of the words.


Download ppt "BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google