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Delta County EPA Brownfield Assessment Grant Presented by: Delta County Brownfield Redevelopment Authority (DCBRA) Bittner Engineering, Inc. (BEI) Environmental.

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Presentation on theme: "Delta County EPA Brownfield Assessment Grant Presented by: Delta County Brownfield Redevelopment Authority (DCBRA) Bittner Engineering, Inc. (BEI) Environmental."— Presentation transcript:

1 Delta County EPA Brownfield Assessment Grant Presented by: Delta County Brownfield Redevelopment Authority (DCBRA) Bittner Engineering, Inc. (BEI) Environmental Consulting & Technology, Inc. (ECT)

2 EPA Brownfield Assessment Grant $200,000 petroleum assessments$200,000 petroleum assessments $200,000 hazardous substances assessments$200,000 hazardous substances assessments Grant period – 3 yearsGrant period – 3 years

3 EPA Site Assessment Grant Objectives Identify and prioritize potential brownfieldsIdentify and prioritize potential brownfields Eliminate technical data gapsEliminate technical data gaps Build interest to redevelop brownfieldsBuild interest to redevelop brownfields Develop community participation and supportDevelop community participation and support

4 EPA Site Assessment Grants EPA Site Assessment Grant

5 The Big Picture Tax Rolls EPA Cleanup Grant EPA RLF MDEQ Grants/Loans TIF Bonds Tax Credits EPA Site Assessment Grant Gap Financing $ EPA Cleanup Grant EPA RLF MDEQ Grants/Loans TIF Bonds Tax Credits EPA Site Assessment Grant Gap Financing $ Tax Rolls

6 What is a Brownfield? United States Environmental Protection Agency “Brownfield site means real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant.”

7 What is a Brownfield? Michigan Department of Environmental Quality Contamination above Residential Cleanup Criteria (Part 201 of PA 451)Contamination above Residential Cleanup Criteria (Part 201 of PA 451) Blighted or functionally obsolete (core communities)Blighted or functionally obsolete (core communities) Tax reverted property owned/controlled by land bankTax reverted property owned/controlled by land bank

8 A Brownfield Site Can Be: As small as a vacant ¼ acre corner gas station orAs small as a vacant ¼ acre corner gas station or As large as a several hundred acre abandoned industrial propertyAs large as a several hundred acre abandoned industrial property

9 Former Military Radar Base – Keweenaw County

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12 Former Copper Mining Processing Facility – Houghton County

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15 Portage Creek Restoration Project - Kalamazoo

16 Former Paper Mill Power Plant Demolition – Kalamazoo

17 Former Automotive Repair Shop – Ypsilanti

18 Former Newspaper Printing Press – Ypsilanti

19 Former Automotive Manufacturing Facility – Southeast Michigan

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21 Obstacles to Redevelopment of Brownfield Properties Environmental contaminationEnvironmental contamination LiabilityLiability CostsCosts FinancingFinancing Market conditionsMarket conditions Community issuesCommunity issues StigmaStigma

22 Elements of Brownfield Redevelopment Development Threshold Developer interest Elimination of env./site hurdles Community interest Financing Time Interest/Momentum Successful Project

23 Elements of Brownfield Redevelopment Development Threshold Time Interest/Momentum No Project

24 Advantages to Redevelopment of Brownfield Properties Retain or create new jobsRetain or create new jobs Return abandoned properties to tax baseReturn abandoned properties to tax base Utilize existing infrastructureUtilize existing infrastructure Cleanup environmental contaminationCleanup environmental contamination

25 Advantages to Redevelopment of Brownfield Properties Increase neighborhood economic vitalityIncrease neighborhood economic vitality Improve the appearance and pride of the surrounding communityImprove the appearance and pride of the surrounding community Discourage urban sprawl and loss of greenspaceDiscourage urban sprawl and loss of greenspace

26 Tools and Incentives Liability protectionLiability protection Reasonable cleanup requirements/costsReasonable cleanup requirements/costs Financial incentivesFinancial incentives

27 Regulatory Basis of Michigan’s Brownfield Program Brownfield Redevelopment Financing Act - PA 381 of 1996, as amendedBrownfield Redevelopment Financing Act - PA 381 of 1996, as amended Michigan Natural Resources Environmental Protection Act - Part 201 of PA 451 of 1994, as amendedMichigan Natural Resources Environmental Protection Act - Part 201 of PA 451 of 1994, as amended -Part 213 of PA 451 of 1994, as amended

28 EPA Site Assessment Grants EPA Site Assessment Grant

29 Sites Eligible For Grant Money Site needs to be in countySite needs to be in county Priority site or site of interestPriority site or site of interest Publicly-owned preferredPublicly-owned preferred In use or vacantIn use or vacant Meets EPA/MDEQ eligibility requirementsMeets EPA/MDEQ eligibility requirements

30 Identify Brownfield Properties Gather existing listsGather existing lists Meet with local units of governmentMeet with local units of government Meet with key stakeholdersMeet with key stakeholders Meet with general publicMeet with general public

31 Prioritize Brownfield Properties DCBRA to establish ranking criteriaDCBRA to establish ranking criteria DCBRA to set policies and proceduresDCBRA to set policies and procedures

32 Complete Site Assessments Phase I Environmental Site Assessments (ESAs)Phase I Environmental Site Assessments (ESAs) Phase II ESAsPhase II ESAs Baseline Environmental Assessments (BEAs)Baseline Environmental Assessments (BEAs)

33 Remediation Planning Cleanup PlansCleanup Plans Brownfield PlansBrownfield Plans Act 381 Work PlansAct 381 Work Plans

34 Community Outreach Public meetingsPublic meetings Public hearings for Brownfield PlansPublic hearings for Brownfield Plans Printed materialsPrinted materials Website and Geographical Information System (GIS)Website and Geographical Information System (GIS)

35 GIS Mapping Example

36 The Big Picture Tax Rolls EPA Cleanup Grant EPA RLF MDEQ Grants/Loans TIF Bonds Tax Credits EPA Site Assessment Grant Gap Financing $ EPA Cleanup Grant EPA RLF MDEQ Grants/Loans TIF Bonds Tax Credits EPA Site Assessment Grant Gap Financing $ Tax Rolls

37 Brownfield Redevelopment Financial Incentives Grants and loans (Federal/State)Grants and loans (Federal/State) BondsBonds Tax Increment Financing (TIF)Tax Increment Financing (TIF) Michigan Business Tax CreditsMichigan Business Tax Credits Brownfield Redevelopment Financing Act (PA 381 of 1996, as amended)

38 Tax Increment Financing (TIF) Municipalities allowed to capture tax increment revenue for eligible brownfield activitiesMunicipalities allowed to capture tax increment revenue for eligible brownfield activities Municipalities allowed to establish local revolving loan fundMunicipalities allowed to establish local revolving loan fund

39 Tax Increment Financing (TIF) Brownfield Redevelopment Authorities can capture TIF and apply the revenue to support eligible activity costs on eligible propertiesBrownfield Redevelopment Authorities can capture TIF and apply the revenue to support eligible activity costs on eligible properties Base Taxes TIFCapture Current Tax Revenue Current Value Redeveloped Value

40 Brownfield Project Brownfield Project Example Tax Capture Scenario Project reimbursement TIF capture Local site remediationrevolving fund capture Full return to tax rolls Base taxes to taxing jurisdictions CAPTURED TAX REVENUE (per year) TAX YEAR $0 $100,000 $200,000 $300,000

41 Brownfield Redevelopment Financing Act Brownfield Redevelopment Financing Act PA 381 of 1996, as amended Establish Brownfield Redevelopment Authorities to implement Brownfield PlansEstablish Brownfield Redevelopment Authorities to implement Brownfield Plans Establish tax capture provisions for an eligible propertyEstablish tax capture provisions for an eligible property Determines how taxes can be used (eligible properties and eligible activities)Determines how taxes can be used (eligible properties and eligible activities) Provides framework for Act 381 Work PlansProvides framework for Act 381 Work Plans

42 Brownfield Redevelopment Authority Established by local unit of governmentEstablished by local unit of government Supervised and controlled by appointed boardSupervised and controlled by appointed board Implements Brownfield PlansImplements Brownfield Plans Disburse funds for eligible activities/eligible propertiesDisburse funds for eligible activities/eligible properties

43 Brownfield Redevelopment Authority Establish and manage a revolving fundEstablish and manage a revolving fund Accept grants and donationsAccept grants and donations Borrow money and issue bonds and notesBorrow money and issue bonds and notes Own, lease or sell propertyOwn, lease or sell property

44 Brownfield Plan Property descriptionProperty description Eligible activity expensesEligible activity expenses Impact on property tax revenueImpact on property tax revenue Property’s existing and estimated projected tax valueProperty’s existing and estimated projected tax value Recommended TIF process to address reimbursement for cost of eligible expensesRecommended TIF process to address reimbursement for cost of eligible expenses

45 Act 381 Work Plan (School Tax Capture) Historical and current use of each eligible propertyHistorical and current use of each eligible property Summary of existing site environmental conditionsSummary of existing site environmental conditions Summary of proposed future developmentSummary of proposed future development Work Plan and estimated costs for eligible activitiesWork Plan and estimated costs for eligible activities

46 Act 381 Work Plan Eligible Activities/MDEQ Approval Phase I and II Environmental Site AssessmentsPhase I and II Environmental Site Assessments Baseline Environmental AssessmentsBaseline Environmental Assessments Due CareDue Care Additional response activitiesAdditional response activities Brownfield Plans and Work PlansBrownfield Plans and Work Plans Environmental insuranceEnvironmental insurance

47 Lead/asbestos abatementLead/asbestos abatement Public infrastructure improvementsPublic infrastructure improvements Demolition that is not a response activityDemolition that is not a response activity Site preparation that is not a response activitySite preparation that is not a response activity Act 381 Work Plan Act 381 Work Plan Eligible Activities/MEGA Approval


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