Fuel Spill Response A.F.D. HazMat Operations Training
Purpose To clarify the laws pertaining to fuel spills. To offer common-sense approach to fuel spill response. To provide the company officer with decision-making tools in response to fuel spills.
Objectives Identify the applicable Federal, state and local laws. Identify the reportable quantities for spills. Define what constitutes a spill. Identify resources needed to contain a spill. Identify methods of spill containment. Familiarization with spill clean-up methods.
Objectives Identify foam requirements for a fuel tanker fire. Preplan steps for response to a fuel tanker fire.
Definitions Discharge or spill - product on the ground or in water, and the spiller doesn’t own the property.
Definitions Hazardous Substance - anything that doesn’t belong there, and not classified as oil.
Definitions Pollution - you know it when you see it.
Responsible Party Is required to: –show up, or have response personnel show up; –initiate efforts to stop or slow the spill; –minimize impact of the spill; –neutralize the effects of the incident; –removal of discharged or spilled substance; –managing the wastes (soil, pads, booms, liquids, etc.)
Responsible Party Must also provide Command with a verbal or written plan to mitigate the problem, and Provide a verbal or written summation of actions taken to date.
Clean-up Costs 1 ea. 55 gal. Drum full of oil and sorbent costs $ to dispose of. Above 1,500 parts TPH (if you can smell it, it is above 1,500 TPH).
Clean-up Costs 1 ea. 55 gal. Drum full of oil and sorbent below 1,500 TPH costs about $15.00 to dispose of. Can be sent to Landfill (product has vapored off). Antifreeze and oil sorb can go to landfill. Plain old oil costs $0.00.
Clean-up Options Don’t add anything (if you can help it). If you do add it, add the least amount possible (that’s what brooms are for). 2 lbs. oil sorb = 1 lb. liquid (1 gal. = 15 to 20 lbs. of oil sorb). It costs less to dispose of liquid than solid. Don’t flush anything to storm sewers (one exception - we’ll get to that).
Clean-up Options Foam only makes matters worse!!!!!!. Class A and Class B foam are 2 different animals. Dispersants require Federal and State approval for the individual spill. There are no oil-eating microbes in Texas!!!
Absorbents/Adsorbents Pros & Cons Oil Sorb - cheap and easy, but heavy. Can’t be burned, so higher disposal costs. Powder Sorbents - can’t use in a wind. Boom and pads - use on water. Sand - OK in moderate amounts (a dumptruck load is not a moderate amount). Use only for containment (diking/damming).
Field Experience If an immediate life hazard exists, you can flush to the storm sewer, creek, whatever. Just remember the magic words: “There was an immediate life safety hazard”.
Field Experience TXDOT - for the highways under state control. TXDOT Dispatch or They have a contractor. Their main concern is to open the road. They will throw sand for traction. They want you to flush it off the road - DON’T.
Field Experience Less than 10 gallons: Use 2 bags of oil sorb (max), or dirt. Stir it around, and leave it. Let the tow trucks pick it up. You may want to sweep it to the curb or throw it onto the shoulder (this is for looks only).
Field Experience If you can’t cover it or absorb it with 2 bags, you probably need HazMat. If it is spread over a large area, you may need HazMat.
Field Experience If the spill is a “pooled liquid”, such as in a storm drain or ditch, leave it alone. The best way to get rid of this is with a vacuum truck, or a pump to a suitable container. HazMat can take on 110 gallons quickly. More than that will require a contractor.
Field Experience For Diesel saddle tanks - we can pump off 110 gallons. Can also pump to the apparatus and other vehicles. Transfer pump is carried on Utility 6.
Field Experience If the spill is on flooding, rapid water - it’s probably uncontainable. Still or slow water - use absorbent boom to corral it, then pads to take off the sheen. Boom and pads are carried on Utility 6 and by Steve Rothwell.
Flammable/combustible liquids will burn an average of 1 foot per hour, regardless of surface area. A gasoline tanker is about six feet tall (tank only). It will burn out in about 6 hours (if it doesn’t collapse).
Foam It takes approximately 150 to 200 gallons of 6% foam concentrate ( gallon cans) to extinguish and suppress one 8’ x 40’ gasoline tanker. This will create 3,200 gallons of contaminated foam and water. This foam will settle out in the bottom of the tanker.
Foam The tank will overflow. The overflow will be gasoline. You now have a big mess.
Foam - Options Consider letting it burn (unless life safety or infrastructure is affected). Meanwhile, set-up a foam operation. Call for vacuum trucks and heavy equipment. Flow foam and pump out product - that way it won’t overflow.
Tanker under a bridge
Cool the bridge
Use master streams for distance
How Clean-up is done On Roads: –Oil sorb for the majority –Create a dam or berm with the used oil sorb –Use soap & water or pressure washer to clean the road –Vacuum up the liquid residue –Drum the contaminated sorb
How Clean-up is done On Soil: –Dig up contaminated soil –Cut down weeds w/ weed eater and bag –Pressure wash grass –Water can sometimes float the hydrocarbon, but usually only makes things worse
How Clean-up is done On Water: –Place boom downstream –Vacuum or absorbents placed at collection points –If fast moving, very little can be done