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Scatter Plots

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Scatter plots A graph that relates data from two different sets. To make a scatter plot, the two sets of data are plotted as ordered pairs

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Positive Correlation Tilts up to the right Both sets of data increase together Both sets of data decrease together

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Negative Correlation Tilts up to the left One set of data goes up while the other set goes down

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No Correlation Data sets that are not related Dots are scattered and do not appear to have a pattern or cluster

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Trend Line Shows a correlation more clearly Allows you to predict other related data Makes it easy to determine a positive or negative correlation Can be helpful when making predictions based on data. Should be through the middle of the dots (same number of dots above the lines as are below the line)

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Identify the correlation… The number of empty seats in a classroom and the number of students seated in the class The number of pets a person owns and the number of books that person read last year The monthly rainfall and the depth of water in a reservoir Negative No correlation Positive

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What kind of correlation? The number of umbrellas sold vs. the number of rainy days. The number of minutes spent brushing your teeth vs. the number of cavities. The number of people in this class vs. your bus number. The average temperature in a city vs. the number of speeding tickets given in the city. The number of people in an audience and ticket sales The number of members in a family and the size of the family’s grocery bill The number of times you sharpen your pencil and the length of your pencil

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What kind of correlation? answers The number of umbrellas sold vs. the number of rainy days. positive The number of minutes spent brushing your teeth vs. the number of cavities. negative The number of people in this class vs. your bus number. No correlation The average temperature in a city vs. the number of speeding tickets given in the city. No correlation The number of people in an audience and ticket sales. Positive The number of members in a family and the size of the family’s grocery bill. Positive The number of times you sharpen your pencil and the length of your pencil. Negative

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Graphing a Scatter Plot from Given Data The table shows the number of cookies in a jar from the time since they were baked. Graph a scatter plot using the given data. Use the table to make ordered pairs for the scatter plot. The x-value represents the time since the cookies were baked and the y-value represents the number of cookies left in the jar. Plot the ordered pairs.

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Example The scatter plot shows a relationship between the total amount of money collected at the concession stand and the total number of tickets sold at a movie theater. Based on this relationship, predict how much money will be collected at the concession stand when 150 tickets have been sold. Draw a trend line and use it to make a prediction. Draw a line that has about the same number of points above and below it. Your line may or may not go through data points. Find the point on the line whose x-value is 150. The corresponding y-value is 750. Based on the data, $750 is a reasonable prediction of how much money will be collected when 150 tickets have been sold.

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Another Example Based on the trend line, predict how many wrapping paper rolls need to be sold to raise $500. Find the point on the line whose y-value is 500. The corresponding x-value is about 75. Based on the data, about 75 wrapping paper rolls is a reasonable prediction of how many rolls need to be sold to raise $500.

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Try these… For Items 1 and 2, identify the correlation you would expect to see between each pair of data sets. Explain. 1. The outside temperature in the summer and the cost of the electric bill Positive correlation; as the outside temperature increases, the electric bill increases because of the use of the air conditioner. 2. The price of a car and the number of passengers it seats No correlation; a very expensive car could seat only 2 passengers.

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Try these… 3. The scatter plot shows the number of orders placed for flowers before Valentine ’ s Day at one shop. Based on this relationship, predict the number of flower orders placed on February 12. about 45

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