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External drivers for change NSW Soils Policy Workshops Sydney 11, 12 June 2009 Dubbo 19 June 2009 Andrew Campbell Triple Helix Consulting www.triplehelix.com.au.

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Presentation on theme: "External drivers for change NSW Soils Policy Workshops Sydney 11, 12 June 2009 Dubbo 19 June 2009 Andrew Campbell Triple Helix Consulting www.triplehelix.com.au."— Presentation transcript:

1 External drivers for change NSW Soils Policy Workshops Sydney 11, 12 June 2009 Dubbo 19 June 2009 Andrew Campbell Triple Helix Consulting

2 2 Workshop Objectives 1.Stakeholder understanding of State Soils Policy framework 2.Stakeholder input to SSP Process & content 3.Stakeholder buy-in for more effective implementation

3 3 Workshop process 1.Introduction - Adrian Harte 2.Background: drivers for change - Andrew Campbell 3.Small Group Discussions “Must have” content areas for the policy Any gaps in the framework? Project level ideas Potential synergies with other policies & programs Real or perceived tensions (no-go areas?) How to crank up soils work generally in NSW How to sharpen soils focus within NRM, agriculture and planning

4 4 Key Questions 1.What are some “must have” content elements for the State Soils Policy? 2.‘Benchmark Initiatives’ or project-level ideas 3.Assist in mapping linkages to other policies, strategies & programs Potential synergies Real or perceived tensions (no-go areas?) 4.Awareness, buy-in and support 5.How to crank up soils work generally in NSW How to sharpen soils focus within NRM, agriculture and planning

5 5 Drivers for Change Food Climate Water Energy Soil

6 6 Food The world needs to almost double food production by 2050, & improve distribution We have done this in the past, mainly through clearing, cultivating and irrigating more land –and to a lesser extent better varieties, more fertiliser etc Climate change is narrowing those options, with limits to water, land, energy & nutrients

7

8 But maybe we ain’t seen nothin yet….

9 Food Supply Scenarios (Chatham House 2008)

10 Source: WBCSD & IUCN 2008; Harvard Medical School 2008 Population & carbon emissions

11 (IPCC 4th Assessment Report)

12 Impacts As greenhouse gases increase –so does temperature –and sea levels –seas more acidic –snow & ice melt –more variable climate –more extreme weather Climate change is the biggest market failure the world has ever seen (Stern and Garnaut)

13 13 Outline

14 Likely on-ground impacts Significant long-term reductions in water yield (worse cf. CSIRO models)Significant long-term reductions in water yield (worse cf. CSIRO models) increases in stream salinity, but smaller saline discharge areasincreases in stream salinity, but smaller saline discharge areas more frequent and intense damaging summer stormsmore frequent and intense damaging summer storms more, bigger and hotter bushfires (NRM impacts habitat, water, weeds)more, bigger and hotter bushfires (NRM impacts habitat, water, weeds) potential surprises as ‘sleeper’ weeds and pests take off in more favourable conditions, and as pests and diseases from northern Australia (e.g. cattle tick, fruit fly and cane toads) extend southwardspotential surprises as ‘sleeper’ weeds and pests take off in more favourable conditions, and as pests and diseases from northern Australia (e.g. cattle tick, fruit fly and cane toads) extend southwards shorter growing seasons and less reliable access to water for irrigationshorter growing seasons and less reliable access to water for irrigation fewer cold days and significant increases in minimum temperatures — affecting fruit settingfewer cold days and significant increases in minimum temperatures — affecting fruit setting earlier ripening grapes, and quality problems for reds in particularearlier ripening grapes, and quality problems for reds in particular increasing heat stress for livestock, including dairy cowsincreasing heat stress for livestock, including dairy cows Much more pressure on soilsMuch more pressure on soils

15 15 Water Each calorie takes one litre of water to produce, on average Like the Murray Darling Basin, all the world’s major food producing basins are effectively ‘closed’ or already over-allocated

16 Perth’s Annual Storage Inflow GL ( )

17 Energy & nutrients The era of abundant, cheap fossil fuels is over Rising energy costs = rising fertiliser costs Remaining reserves (billions of barrels) of crude oil (EWG 2007)

18 18 Land & soil The FAO has assessed trends in land condition (measured by net primary productivity) from Land degradation is increasing in severity and extent: >20 percent of all cultivated areas >30 percent of forests >10 percent of grasslands 1.5 billion people depend directly on land that is being degraded Land degradation is cumulative.

19 19 We need a third agricultural revolution — what might it look like? Closed loop farming systems Smart metering, sensing, telemetry, robotics, guidance Understanding & use of soil microbial activity (&GM) Urban food production (roofs etc), recycling waste streams & all urban water and nutrients Detailed product specification (Tesco) & more returns to farmers ‘Carbon plus’ offsets and incentives New marketing options, integrated with transport network

20 20 Better soil management — a win, win, win Under climate change, water and energy conservation often seem to be in conflict –Water saving options use more energy (e.g. desal, pipelines) –Energy saving options are often thirsty (e.g. biofuels) Whereas: Increasing soil organic matter; –Improves productivity –Increases water infiltration and water holding capacity –Improves nutrient retention and cycling (reducing leakage) –Reduces energy & fertiliser needs –Stores carbon, but may not bring big C revenues –Is both a mitigation and adaptation strategy

21 21 Farming in a carbon economy GCA Workshop 28 April 2009 canvassed some options: –Future Food - high technology grains; efficiency rules! –Biological (Soft) Farming - low inputs; high nutrient cycling –Mixed Enterprises - food, energy, carbon, timber & environment –Productive (mixed) Landscapes - grains, animals, energy & environment Technical options to reduce emissions –Improved fertiliser efficiency –Tillage & soil management –Carbon capture & nutrient cycling –Precision agriculture –Measurement, modelling & accounting

22 22 Implications for Soil Policy Pressures on soils will intensify Focus on soil will increase (for carbon especially) Food, energy & water security are also strong drivers Peri-urban & urban soils become more important The return on investment in soil knowledge and capacity will improve rapidly in coming decades Single-issue approaches are increasingly untenable Soil policy needs to integrate with others ‘Joined up’ policy development tools, processes and frameworks will become increasingly important

23 23 For more info including background papers, presentations and images

24 24 Workshop Objectives 1.Stakeholder understanding of State Soils Policy framework 2.Stakeholder input to SSP Process & content 3.Stakeholder buy-in for more effective implementation

25 25 Workshop process 1.Introduction - Adrian Harte 2.Background: drivers for change - Andrew Campbell 3.Small Group Discussions “Must have” content areas for the policy Any gaps in the framework? Project level ideas Potential synergies with other policies & programs Real or perceived tensions (no-go areas?) How to crank up soils work generally in NSW How to sharpen the focus on soils within NRM, agriculture and planning


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