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Working with Analogies SPI 0801.5.5 Choose a logical word to complete an analogy, using synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, categories/subcategories, whole/part,

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Presentation on theme: "Working with Analogies SPI 0801.5.5 Choose a logical word to complete an analogy, using synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, categories/subcategories, whole/part,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Working with Analogies SPI Choose a logical word to complete an analogy, using synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, categories/subcategories, whole/part, functions, verb forms, rhymes, scrambled words, homophones.

2 Analogies test your ability to: Recognize the relationship between the words in a word pair Recognize when two word pairs display equal relationships Recognize the relationship between the words in a word pair Recognize when two word pairs display equal relationships

3 O l d Young

4 To answer an analogy question you must: Recognize the relationship between the words in the given word pair Select the answer containing words related to one another in most nearly the same way Recognize when two word pairs display equal relationships Recognize the relationship between the words in the given word pair Select the answer containing words related to one another in most nearly the same way Recognize when two word pairs display equal relationships

5 Analogies look like this: Up:Down ::Over:Under Up is to Down as Over is to Under Up:Down ::Over:Under Up is to Down as Over is to Under

6 In what ways could these pairs of words be related? The relationship will always have to do with the meaning of the words I get it…they are opposites!

7 Examples of possible relationships in an analogy: Synonyms or antonyms A part to the whole A member to the category that contains it Cause to effect (or effect to cause) Varying degrees of a quantity or quality Object to function Synonyms or antonyms A part to the whole A member to the category that contains it Cause to effect (or effect to cause) Varying degrees of a quantity or quality Object to function

8 Here is one example of Synonym relationships: Infant:Baby::Grown-Up: _________? Infant:Baby::Grown-Up:Adult

9 Here is one example of Antonym relationships: Big:Small::Full:_______? Big:Small::Full:Empty

10 Here is one example of Part to Whole relationships: Wheel:Car::Branch:_______? Wheel:Car::Branch:Tree

11 Here is one example of Member to Category relationships: Apple:Fruit::Carrot:_______? Apple:Fruit::Carrot:Vegetable

12 Here is one example of Cause Effect relationships: Sliver:Pain::Heat:__________ Sliver:Pain::Heat:Boil

13 Here is one example Matters of Degree relationships: Warm:Hot::Cool:______? Warm:Hot::Cool:Frigid

14 Here is one example of Object to Function relationships: Truck:Transport::Oven:______? Truck:Transport::Oven:bake

15 PRACTICE Can you identify the relationship? 1.PLATOON:SOLDIER 2.HOT:SCALDING 3.STARVATION:BINGING 4.GILLS:BREATHING 5.PERSUASIVE:CONVINCING 6.SOCCER:SPORT 1.PLATOON:SOLDIER 2.HOT:SCALDING 3.STARVATION:BINGING 4.GILLS:BREATHING 5.PERSUASIVE:CONVINCING 6.SOCCER:SPORT a)Synonyms or antonyms b)A part to the whole c)A member to the category that contains it d)Cause to effect (or effect to cause) e)Varying degrees of a quantity or quality f)Object to function

16 PRACTICE Can you identify the relationship? 1.PLATOON:SOLDIER 2.HOT:SCALDING 3.STARVATION:BINGING 4.GILLS:BREATHING 5.PERSUASIVE:CONVINCING 6.SOCCER:SPORT 1.PLATOON:SOLDIER 2.HOT:SCALDING 3.STARVATION:BINGING 4.GILLS:BREATHING 5.PERSUASIVE:CONVINCING 6.SOCCER:SPORT a)Synonyms or antonyms b)A part to the whole c)A member to the category that contains it d)Cause to effect (or effect to cause) e)Varying degrees of a quantity or quality f)Object to function b e a f a c

17 Approaches that may be helpful in answering analogy questions: Try to determine the precise relationship between the words in the given pair Form a sentence that captures the relationship between the two words Then look for the answer choice containing the word pair whose relationship is closest to that of the given pair and can be expressed in a similar fashion Try to determine the precise relationship between the words in the given pair Form a sentence that captures the relationship between the two words Then look for the answer choice containing the word pair whose relationship is closest to that of the given pair and can be expressed in a similar fashion

18 Example APPLE : FRUIT :: A.Salad : Mix B.Orange: Banana C.Juice : Can D.Slice : Core E.Butterfly: Insect APPLE : FRUIT :: A.Salad : Mix B.Orange: Banana C.Juice : Can D.Slice : Core E.Butterfly: Insect

19 Example APPLE : FRUIT :: A.Salad : Mix B.Orange: Banana C.Juice : Can D.Slice : Core E.Butterfly:Insect APPLE : FRUIT :: A.Salad : Mix B.Orange: Banana C.Juice : Can D.Slice : Core E.Butterfly:Insect

20 How do you know if you have a good sentence? Look at the answer choices If more than one answer choice seems to fit, then your sentence is too general If none of them work, then your sentence is too specific Look at the answer choices If more than one answer choice seems to fit, then your sentence is too general If none of them work, then your sentence is too specific

21 Example PEN : WRITE :: A.Pencil : Sharpen B.Ink : Blue C.Letter : Compose D.Knife : Cut E.Mistake : Erase PEN : WRITE :: A.Pencil : Sharpen B.Ink : Blue C.Letter : Compose D.Knife : Cut E.Mistake : Erase

22 Example PEN : WRITE :: A.Pencil : Sharpen B.Ink : Blue C.Letter : Compose D.Knife : Cut E.Mistake : Erase PEN : WRITE :: A.Pencil : Sharpen B.Ink : Blue C.Letter : Compose D.Knife : Cut E.Mistake : Erase

23 Helpful Approaches con’t: Pay attention to the order of the words in the pair Pay attention to the parts of speech The relationships you need to explain will be constant relationships Analogy questions are vocabulary intensive Remember that a single word can have several different meaning Never decide on the best answer without reading all the answer choices Practice recognizing and formulating relationships between word pairs Pay attention to the order of the words in the pair Pay attention to the parts of speech The relationships you need to explain will be constant relationships Analogy questions are vocabulary intensive Remember that a single word can have several different meaning Never decide on the best answer without reading all the answer choices Practice recognizing and formulating relationships between word pairs

24 Practice Large : Big:: A.Remember : Forget B.Triumph: Success C.Nostril : Smell D.Audio : Hear E. Glasses : See Large : Big:: A.Remember : Forget B.Triumph: Success C.Nostril : Smell D.Audio : Hear E. Glasses : See

25 Practice Large : Big:: A.Remember : Forget B.Triumph: Success C.Nostril : Smell D.Audio : Hear E. Glasses : See Large : Big:: A.Remember : Forget B.Triumph: Success C.Nostril : Smell D.Audio : Hear E. Glasses : See

26 Practice Bat : Hitter A.Score: Win B.Walk : Run C.Mars : Venus D.Stick : Hockey Player E.Basketball: Hoop Bat : Hitter A.Score: Win B.Walk : Run C.Mars : Venus D.Stick : Hockey Player E.Basketball: Hoop

27 Practice Bat : Hitter A.Score: Win B.Walk : Run C.Mars : Venus D.Stick : Hockey Player E.Basketball: Hoop Bat : Hitter A.Score: Win B.Walk : Run C.Mars : Venus D.Stick : Hockey Player E.Basketball: Hoop

28 Practice Come : Came:: A.Walk : Walking B.Ride : Rode C.Left : Arrived D.Did : Had Done E.See : Seen Come : Came:: A.Walk : Walking B.Ride : Rode C.Left : Arrived D.Did : Had Done E.See : Seen

29 Practice Come : Came:: A.Walk : Walking B.Ride : Rode C.Left : Arrived D.Did : Had Done E.See : Seen Come : Came:: A.Walk : Walking B.Ride : Rode C.Left : Arrived D.Did : Had Done E.See : Seen

30 Online Practice  Analogies Game Analogies Game  Awesome Analogies Awesome Analogies  Gamequarium Analogies Gamequarium Analogies  Analogy of the Day Analogy of the Day  Analogies Game Analogies Game  Awesome Analogies Awesome Analogies  Gamequarium Analogies Gamequarium Analogies  Analogy of the Day Analogy of the Day

31 Written Practice  Sampler Daily Analogies Sampler Daily Analogies  Understanding Analogies Understanding Analogies  Analogies Worksheet Analogies Worksheet  Analogies Dining Analogies Dining  Analogies Notes Analogies Notes  Analogies Graphic Organizer Analogies Graphic Organizer  Sampler Daily Analogies Sampler Daily Analogies  Understanding Analogies Understanding Analogies  Analogies Worksheet Analogies Worksheet  Analogies Dining Analogies Dining  Analogies Notes Analogies Notes  Analogies Graphic Organizer Analogies Graphic Organizer


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