Presentation on theme: "10 The Union in Peril The Divisive Politics of Slavery"— Presentation transcript:
1 10 The Union in Peril 1 2 3 4 The Divisive Politics of Slavery CHAPTER10The Union in PerilOverviewTime Lines1The Divisive Politics of SlaverySECTION2Protest, Resistance, and ViolenceSECTION3SECTIONThe Birth of the Republican Party4Slavery and SecessionSECTIONChapter AssessmentTransparencies
2 10 The Union in Peril Immigration and Migration Women in America CHAPTER10The Union in PerilHOME“Can we as a nation continue together permanently —forever—half slave and half free?”Abraham Lincoln, 1855THEMES IN CHAPTER 10Immigration and MigrationWomen in AmericaConstitutional Concerns
3 10 The Union in Peril What do you know? CHAPTER10The Union in PerilHOME“Can we as a nation continue together permanently–forever–half slave and half free?”Abraham Lincoln, 1855What do you know?Read the quote above and answer the following:• In Lincoln’s view, which is more important, abolishing slavery or having a unified country?• Do you think American society today would be better or worse if the Union had peaceably broken up into two nations?
4 10 Time Line The United States CHAPTER10Time LineHOMEThe United States1850 Harriet Tubman becomes a conductor on the Underground Railroad Congress passes Compromise of California enters the Union.1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin.1854 The Republican Party forms Congress approves the Kansas Nebraska Act.1857 Chief Justice Roger Taney announces decision in case involving Dred Scott.1859 John Brown attacks the arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.1861 The Confederacy forms.
5 10 Time Line The World 1851 Taiping rebellion in China begins. CHAPTER10Time LineHOMEThe World1851 Taiping rebellion in China begins.1852 South African Republic is established.1853 Crimean War begins.1856 British engineer Henry Bessemer develops process to produce steel.1857 Mexico institutes a new constitution Sepoy Rebellion in India begins.1859 Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species is published.
6 The Divisive Politics of Slavery SECTION1The Divisive Politics of SlaveryHOMELearn Aboutthe controversy over slavery in the territories.To Understandwhy the Compromise of 1850 was adopted.
7 The Divisive Politics of Slavery SECTION1The Divisive Politics of SlaveryHOMEKey IdeaThe issue of slavery continues to dominate U.S. politics in the early 1850s, despite the Compromise of 1850.
8 The Divisive Politics of Slavery SECTION1The Divisive Politics of SlaveryHOMESection1AssessmentSUMMARIZINGWhat was each region’s position on the following issues or how was each region affected by the following trends?TREND OR ISSUENORTHSOUTH1. INDUSTRY AND RAILROADSExtensive industry and railroads.Little industry and few railroads.2. IMMIGRATIONHigh immigration.Little immigration.3. INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTSSupported internal improvements.Opposed internal improvements.4. WILMOT PROVISOSupported Wilmot Proviso.Opposed Wilmot Proviso.5. SLAVERY IN CALIFORNIAOpposed slavery in California.Supported slavery in California.
9 The Divisive Politics of Slavery SECTION1The Divisive Politics of SlaveryHOMESection1AssessmentAfter reviewing issues and events in this section that reflect the growing conflict between the North and the South, do you think there were any points at which a different action or leader might have resolved the conflict?HYPOTHESIZINGissues raised by the Wilmot Proviso, California’s statehood, and the Compromise of 1850reasons for Northerners’ anger with the Southconstitutional concerns raised by Southernersthe political impact of adding new free statesTHINK ABOUT
10 The Divisive Politics of Slavery SECTION1The Divisive Politics of SlaveryHOMESection1AssessmentDid the North or the South win more significant concessions in the Compromise of 1850?EVALUATINGissues that were most sensitive in 1850issues that had the greatest long-range impactissues that might have been solved by other compromisesissues that would have affected the territoriesTHINK ABOUT
11 Protest, Resistance, and Violence SECTION2Protest, Resistance, and ViolenceHOMELearn Aboutthe Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas-Nebraska Act.To Understandhow the controversy over slavery became increasingly violent.
12 Protest, Resistance, and Violence SECTION2Protest, Resistance, and ViolenceHOMEKey IdeaProslavery and antislavery factions disagree over the treatment of fugitive slaves and the spread of slavery to the territories.
13 Protest, Resistance, and Violence SECTION2Protest, Resistance, and ViolenceHOMESection2AssessmentSUMMARIZINGWhat were the major events in the growing conflict between the North and the South?1849 Harriet Tubman escapes slavery and reaches Philadelphia.1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin.1855 Two governments are established in Kansas.1850 Congress passes Fugitive Slave Act.1854 Congress passes the Kansas-Nebraska Act.1856 The sack of Lawrence and the Pottawatomie massacre occur.
14 Protest, Resistance, and Violence SECTION2Protest, Resistance, and ViolenceHOMESection2AssessmentExplain how Uncle Tom’s Cabin affected the abolitionist cause.RECOGNIZING EFFECTS
15 Protest, Resistance, and Violence SECTION2Protest, Resistance, and ViolenceHOMESection2AssessmentExplain the concept of popular sovereignty and describe Northern and Southern reactions to it as a way of making decisions about slavery in the territories.SYNTHESIZING
16 The Birth of the Republican Party SECTION3The Birth of the Republican PartyHOMELearn Aboutthe impact of slavery, immigration, and sectionalism on U.S. politics.To Understandwhy new political parties emerged in the mid-19th century.
17 The Birth of the Republican Party SECTION3The Birth of the Republican PartyHOMEKey IdeaMany factors—including an increase in immigration and the collapse of the Whig Party—lead to a political split over the issue of slavery.
18 The Birth of the Republican Party SECTION3The Birth of the Republican PartyHOMESection3AssessmentSUMMARIZINGWhich events led to the growth of the Republican Party in the 1850s?Whig Party divides over slavery.Know-Nothing Party divides over slavery.Free-Soil Party opposes slavery in the territories.Growth of theRepublican PartyTemperance advocates support Republicans.Small farmers want land grants in the West.Commercial farmers and manufacturers want internal improvements.Bleeding Kansas angers opponents of slavery.Caning of Sumner angers Northerners.
19 The Birth of the Republican Party SECTION3The Birth of the Republican PartyHOMESection33AssessmentHow did the attitudes toward slavery held by abolitionists, free-soilers, and Know-Nothings differ?CONTRASTINGthe ultimate goal of abolitioniststhe reason free-soilers objected to slaverywhat caused the split in the Know-Nothing PartyTHINK ABOUT
20 The Birth of the Republican Party SECTION3The Birth of the Republican PartyHOMESection3AssessmentImagine that you are living in a small town in Illinois in Write a flyer attracting people to a meeting of the new Republican Party in Illinois.SYNTHESIZINGissues that concern votersreasons that people might want to leave their current political partiessigns that the Republican Party will be successfulTHINK ABOUT
21 4 Slavery and Secession Learn About SECTION4Slavery and SecessionHOMELearn Aboutthe increasingly divisive effects of slavery on national politics in the late 1850s.To Understandwhy the South seceded.
22 4 Slavery and Secession Key Idea SECTION4Slavery and SecessionHOMEKey IdeaA series of controversial events heighten the sectional conflict and bring the nation to the brink of war under President Buchanan’s weak leadership.
23 4 Slavery and Secession 4 Section Assessment HOMESection4AssessmentSUMMARIZINGHow did the following six events sharpen the North-South conflict?EventResult1. Dred Scott decisionNortherners feared that slavery would expand everywhere.2. Lecompton constitutionDivided the Democrats over slavery.3. Lincoln-Douglas debatesHighlighted the debate over slavery.4. Harpers Ferry raidSoutherners feared efforts to promote slavery rebellions.5. John Brown’s hangingNortherners found a martyr for the antislavery cause.6. Election of 1860Led to Southern secession.
24 4 Slavery and Secession 4 Section Assessment HOMESection4AssessmentIf you had been voting in the presidential election of 1860, for whom would you have voted?FORMING OPINIONSeach candidate’s views on slavery and other issueseach candidate’s experience and personalityeach candidate’s ability to keep the country unitedTHINK ABOUT
25 4 Slavery and Secession 4 Section Assessment HOMESection4AssessmentDo you think Lincoln made the right decision in choosing not to free the slaves immediately once the Confederacy had been formed?ANALYZING ISSUESthe number of states that had already secededthe importance of the border statespossible reactions if he had freed the slavesTHINK ABOUT
26 10ChapterAssessmentHOME1. Describe the economic differences between the North and the South in the 1850s.2. Explain why the Wilmot Proviso failed to pass in the Senate.3. What were the major terms of the Compromise of 1850?4. Compare the impact of Harriet Tubman and Harriet Beecher Stowe on antislavery attitudes in the North.5. What were the basic provisions and results of the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
27 10ChapterAssessmentHOME6. Why did the Republican Party grow as the Whig and Know-Nothing parties declined in the 1850s?7. Summarize the results of the election of 1856.8. How did the Dred Scott decision affect slavery in the territories?9. Compare and contrast Abraham Lincoln’s and Stephen A. Douglas’s view about slavery in the territories.10. Why was the South so upset by Lincoln’s election?