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The Union in Peril 10 CHAPTER Overview Time Lines Transparencies Chapter Assessment The Divisive Politics of Slavery Protest, Resistance, and Violence.

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Presentation on theme: "The Union in Peril 10 CHAPTER Overview Time Lines Transparencies Chapter Assessment The Divisive Politics of Slavery Protest, Resistance, and Violence."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Union in Peril 10 CHAPTER Overview Time Lines Transparencies Chapter Assessment The Divisive Politics of Slavery Protest, Resistance, and Violence The Birth of the Republican Party Slavery and Secession SECTION

2 THEMES IN CHAPTER 10 The Union in Peril 10 CHAPTER Immigration and MigrationWomen in AmericaConstitutional Concerns “Can we as a nation continue together permanently —forever—half slave and half free?” Abraham Lincoln, 1855 HOME

3 The Union in Peril 10 CHAPTER “Can we as a nation continue together permanently– forever–half slave and half free?” Abraham Lincoln, 1855 What do you know? Read the quote above and answer the following: In Lincoln’s view, which is more important, abolishing slavery or having a unified country? Do you think American society today would be better or worse if the Union had peaceably broken up into two nations? HOME

4 Time Line 10 CHAPTER The United States HOME 1861 The Confederacy forms Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin The Republican Party forms. Congress approves the Kansas- Nebraska Act Chief Justice Roger Taney announces decision in case involving Dred Scott Harriet Tubman becomes a conductor on the Underground Railroad. Congress passes Compromise of California enters the Union John Brown attacks the arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.

5 Time Line 10 CHAPTER The World HOME 1857 Mexico institutes a new constitution. Sepoy Rebellion in India begins British engineer Henry Bessemer develops process to produce steel Crimean War begins South African Republic is established Taiping rebellion in China begins Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species is published.

6 The Divisive Politics of Slavery 1 Learn About the controversy over slavery in the territories. To Understand why the Compromise of 1850 was adopted. HOME SECTION

7 The Divisive Politics of Slavery 1 HOME SECTION Key Idea The issue of slavery continues to dominate U.S. politics in the early 1850s, despite the Compromise of 1850.

8 Section The Divisive Politics of Slavery 1 Assessment What was each region’s position on the following issues or how was each region affected by the following trends? SUMMARIZING 1 HOME SECTION TREND OR ISSUENORTH SOUTH 1. INDUSTRY AND RAILROADSExtensive industry and railroads. Little industry and few railroads. 2. IMMIGRATION High immigration.Little immigration. 3. INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS Supported internal improvements. Opposed internal improvements. 4. WILMOT PROVISO Supported Wilmot Proviso. Opposed Wilmot Proviso. 5. SLAVERY IN CALIFORNIAOpposed slavery in California. Supported slavery in California.

9 Section The Divisive Politics of Slavery 1 After reviewing issues and events in this section that reflect the growing conflict between the North and the South, do you think there were any points at which a different action or leader might have resolved the conflict? HYPOTHESIZING Assessment 1 issues raised by the Wilmot Proviso, California’s statehood, and the Compromise of 1850 reasons for Northerners’ anger with the South constitutional concerns raised by Southerners the political impact of adding new free states THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

10 Section The Divisive Politics of Slavery 1 Assessment 1 Did the North or the South win more significant concessions in the Compromise of 1850? EVALUATING issues that were most sensitive in 1850 issues that had the greatest long-range impact issues that might have been solved by other compromises issues that would have affected the territories THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

11 Protest, Resistance, and Violence 2 Learn About the Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas-Nebraska Act. To Understand how the controversy over slavery became increasingly violent. HOME SECTION

12 Protest, Resistance, and Violence 2 HOME SECTION Key Idea Proslavery and antislavery factions disagree over the treatment of fugitive slaves and the spread of slavery to the territories.

13 Section Protest, Resistance, and Violence 2 Assessment What were the major events in the growing conflict between the North and the South? SUMMARIZING 2 HOME SECTION 1849 Harriet Tubman escapes slavery and reaches Philadelphia Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom’s Cabin Congress passes the Kansas-Nebraska Act Two governments are established in Kansas Congress passes Fugitive Slave Act The sack of Lawrence and the Pottawatomie massacre occur.

14 Protest, Resistance, and Violence 2 Section Explain how Uncle Tom’s Cabin affected the abolitionist cause. RECOGNIZING EFFECTS Assessment 2 HOME SECTION

15 Protest, Resistance, and Violence 2 Section Assessment 2 Explain the concept of popular sovereignty and describe Northern and Southern reactions to it as a way of making decisions about slavery in the territories. SYNTHESIZING HOME SECTION

16 The Birth of the Republican Party 3 Learn About the impact of slavery, immigration, and sectionalism on U.S. politics. To Understand why new political parties emerged in the mid-19th century. HOME SECTION

17 The Birth of the Republican Party 3 HOME SECTION Key Idea Many factors—including an increase in immigration and the collapse of the Whig Party—lead to a political split over the issue of slavery.

18 Section The Birth of the Republican Party 3 Assessment Which events led to the growth of the Republican Party in the 1850s? SUMMARIZING 3 HOME SECTION Growth of the Republican Party Whig Party divides over slavery. Know-Nothing Party divides over slavery. Free-Soil Party opposes slavery in the territories. Temperance advocates support Republicans. Small farmers want land grants in the West. Commercial farmers and manufacturers want internal improvements. Bleeding Kansas angers opponents of slavery. Caning of Sumner angers Northerners.

19 Section The Birth of the Republican Party 3 How did the attitudes toward slavery held by abolitionists, free-soilers, and Know-Nothings differ? CONTRASTING Assessment 3 the ultimate goal of abolitionists the reason free-soilers objected to slavery what caused the split in the Know-Nothing Party THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

20 Section The Birth of the Republican Party 3 Assessment 3 Imagine that you are living in a small town in Illinois in Write a flyer attracting people to a meeting of the new Republican Party in Illinois. SYNTHESIZING issues that concern voters reasons that people might want to leave their current political parties signs that the Republican Party will be successful THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

21 Slavery and Secession 4 Learn About the increasingly divisive effects of slavery on national politics in the late 1850s. To Understand why the South seceded. HOME SECTION

22 Slavery and Secession 4 HOME SECTION Key Idea A series of controversial events heighten the sectional conflict and bring the nation to the brink of war under President Buchanan’s weak leadership.

23 Section Slavery and Secession 4 Assessment How did the following six events sharpen the North-South conflict? SUMMARIZING 4 HOME SECTION 1. Dred Scott decision 2. Lecompton constitution 3. Lincoln-Douglas debates 4. Harpers Ferry raid 5. John Brown’s hanging 6. Election of 1860 Northerners feared that slavery would expand everywhere. Divided the Democrats over slavery. Highlighted the debate over slavery. Southerners feared efforts to promote slavery rebellions. Northerners found a martyr for the antislavery cause. Led to Southern secession. EventResult

24 Section Slavery and Secession 4 If you had been voting in the presidential election of 1860, for whom would you have voted? FORMING OPINIONS Assessment 4 each candidate’s views on slavery and other issues each candidate’s experience and personality each candidate’s ability to keep the country united THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

25 Section Slavery and Secession 4 Assessment 4 Do you think Lincoln made the right decision in choosing not to free the slaves immediately once the Confederacy had been formed? ANALYZING ISSUES the number of states that had already seceded the importance of the border states possible reactions if he had freed the slaves THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

26 Chapter 10 Assessment 1. Describe the economic differences between the North and the South in the 1850s. 2. Explain why the Wilmot Proviso failed to pass in the Senate. 3. What were the major terms of the Compromise of 1850? 4. Compare the impact of Harriet Tubman and Harriet Beecher Stowe on antislavery attitudes in the North. 5. What were the basic provisions and results of the Kansas-Nebraska Act? HOME

27 Chapter 10 Assessment 6. Why did the Republican Party grow as the Whig and Know-Nothing parties declined in the 1850s? 7. Summarize the results of the election of How did the Dred Scott decision affect slavery in the territories? 9. Compare and contrast Abraham Lincoln’s and Stephen A. Douglas’s view about slavery in the territories. 10. Why was the South so upset by Lincoln’s election? HOME


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