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Guidelines for Evaluating and Discussing Literature Nine Yardsticks of Value Anna J. Small Roseboro National Board Certified Teacher www.teachingenglishlanguagearts.com.

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Presentation on theme: "Guidelines for Evaluating and Discussing Literature Nine Yardsticks of Value Anna J. Small Roseboro National Board Certified Teacher www.teachingenglishlanguagearts.com."— Presentation transcript:

1 Guidelines for Evaluating and Discussing Literature Nine Yardsticks of Value Anna J. Small Roseboro National Board Certified Teacher Critical Literacy: Multiple Approaches to Text and Media

2 What’s Good to YOU? Why may OTHERS disagree?

3 Structure of Presentation n Why? n What? n How? n Advantages and disadvantages n Sample Assignment – Rating 1-5

4 To become college and career ready, students must grapple with works of exceptional craft and thought whose range extends across genres, cultures, and centuries. Such works offer profound insights into the human condition and serve as models for students’ own thinking and writing.

5 n Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse formats and media, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words.

6 Nine Yardsticks of Value Vocabulary for talking about texts.

7 Purpose of YARDSTICKS n Use a common set of yardsticks Nine yardsticks adapted from BETTER LITERATURE, textbook edited by Walter Blair and John Gerber, n Move from quantitative qualitative n Learn to articulate defensible response

8 A MONTH in an MOMENT

9 1. CLARITY Careful reading UNDERSTANDING

10 Forget self Forget circumstances 2. ESCAPE

11 3. Reflection of Real Life Actuality = GOOD Distortion = BAD Character Motivation? Tough Decisions? Dialogue? Setting?

12 Yardsticks 1-3 n CLARITY n ESCAPE n REFLECTION OF REAL LIFE

13 4. Artistry in Details “Pleasure compensates for TIME spent” language pattern calls to mind “…LIGHTENING SPIDERWEBBED THE SKY.”

14 Artistry measures Number of pleasurable moments Duration of pleasurable moments.

15 5. Internal Consistency PartsORGANIC WHOLE

16 What books comes to mind?

17 6. Tone Attitude personalityauthor Attitude and personality of author

18 Avoid confusion with “mood”. Tone = expressed by author through words, grammar, structure Mood = experienced by reader as a result of setting or atmosphere of work

19 Yardsticks 4-6 n Artistry in Details n Internal Consistency n Tone

20 7. Emotional Impact READER Emotional impact on READER!

21 7. Emotional Impact. Type and intensity Components Duration Universality

22 8. Personal Beliefs Ideas congenial to the reader..

23 Personal Beliefs Ideas oppose reader’s judgements u morality u religion u politics and economics u role of government u literary criticism

24 9. Significant Insight Literature repository of best thought and said

25 9. Significant Insight mirror window

26 * Psychological Insight n New and profound psychological perceptions n More than reflection of life as reader knows it mirror window

27 * Sociological Insight n How humans operate under given circumstances n Beyond general problems of individual

28 Sociological, con’t n wise selection and interpretation from hit and miss reporting n thoughtful analysis from flippancy n sympathetic understanding from sensationalism This yardstick discriminates

29 * Ethical Insight n Literature has dual role: u It must be pleasurable u It must be instructive (ennobling) n Effective blending = profound literature Weakness = narrowing of interests, dogmatism, intellectual absolutism

30 * Metaphysical Insight n the nature of being n the fundamental causes or processes of things n relationship of humans to F nature F cosmos F God

31 What is life? Why am I here? What is man’s eventual destiny? Is there a God? What is His nature? Is there purpose to our universe? * Metaphysical Insight

32 What books comes to mind?

33 Books Taught for Years

34 Yardsticks 7-9 n 7. Emotional Impact n 8. Personal Beliefs n 9. Significant Insight

35 Putting Them Together No WRONG answers, just unsubstantiated claims! Clarity Escape Reflection Real Life Artistry in Details Significant Insight Personal Beliefs Tone Emotional Impact Internal Consistency

36 Use same yardsticks to ANALYZE literary criticism or personal response to texts.

37 Response to Reading Yardstick12345 Clarity Escape Reflection Artistry Internal Consistency Tone Emotional Personal Significance

38 What is dominant value? From Jake Morrissey - National Review {Mahfouz} has been called 'the Dickens of the Cairo cafes.' Sadly, Palace Walk lacks the verve and structure that made Dickens so readable.... Mahfouz seems fascinated by the details of his characters' lives, at the expense of all else.... His vision is clear, his characters fully realized, his images lingering. What's lacking is a solid plot.... Palace Walk by Naguib Mahfouz ClarityEscapeReal LifeArtistic Details Internal Consistency ToneEmotionPersonal Beliefs Significant Insight How would Jake rate others?

39 Please check out my books.books Published by Rowman and LittlefieldRowman and Littlefield

40

41 It’s YOUR TURN to MEASURE the Review

42 What is dominant value? From Publisher's Weekly This first volume in the 1988 Nobel Prize winner's Cairo Trilogy describes the disintegrating family life of a tyrannical, prosperous merchant, his timid wife and their rebellious children in post-WW I Egypt. ``Mahfouz is a master at building up dramatic scenes and at portraying complex characters in depth,'' lauded PW. (Jan.) Palace Walk by Naguib Mahfouz ClarityEscapeReal LifeArtistic Details Internal Consistency ToneEmotionPersonal Beliefs Significant Insight

43 Using Nine YARDSTICKS of Value Yardstick12345 Clarity Escape Reflection Artistry Internal Consistency Tone Emotional Personal Significance

44 Nobel Laureates Project to apply the Nine Yardsticks of Value Imre Kertész, NL for Lit 2002

45 Choose an Author

46 Biography

47 Critical Analysis

48 Oral Presentation


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