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What is ADVOCACY? The application of pressure and influence on the people and institutions that have the power to give you what you want.

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Presentation on theme: "What is ADVOCACY? The application of pressure and influence on the people and institutions that have the power to give you what you want."— Presentation transcript:

1 What is ADVOCACY? The application of pressure and influence on the people and institutions that have the power to give you what you want.

2 Encounters of a Public Policy Kind Have you or a member of your family have ever talked with a public official about a stupid policy? Have you or a member of your family have ever been involved in any kind of “politics”. Have your you or your family have ever been involved in any organization that was working to change a policy?

3 What Is Policy Anyway? A policy is a rule made up and enforced by people in authority to control the behaviors of other people in their: - Family (Family policy) - Private Places (School or Work Policy) - City, State or Country (Public policy – laws, regulations)

4 The Policy Making Process 1. Recognition of problem 2. Analysis of options for action 3. Choice of most effective and affordable option 4. Action and Implementation

5 What is Politics? Politics is the process* people in authority use to make policy and decide who gets what, where and when without resorting to physical violence. * Sometimes people in authority look at all the information about a problem and talk to other people before they decide on a solution, sometimes they decide all by themselves.

6 Generic Policy Influencing Process 1. Define a sympathetic compelling problem 2. Develop strategic effective solutions 3. Promote most effective and affordable solution 4. Monitor Implementation

7 What is a Hero Opportunity? A compelling problem or crisis that provides policymakers with public occasions to be the champion of a solution that makes a positive difference in the lives of a critical mass of their constituents/customers.

8 Potential Heroes Senator Jack Hart S. Boston and Dorchester State Rep Linda Dorcia Forry Mattapan Felix Arroyo At Large City Council Frank Baker Dorchester City Council Tito Jackson Roxbury City Council

9 Potential Heroes

10 Community leaders pledge to help curb Dorchester gun violence

11 What is ADVOCACY? The application of pressure and influence on the people and institutions that have the power to give you what you want.

12 Where to begin? Key Considerations What do you want? Why do you want it? What person or institution has the POWER to give it to you? How will you build credibility with and get access to those POWER brokers who have the power to give you what you want?

13 What do we want? 1.Our children to have an effective English Language Learners program in high performing schools. 2. What do we mean by “our” children? 3. What do we mean by “effective”? 4. What do we mean by “high performing”?

14 Who has the power to give us what we want? Boston Public Schools Mayor School Committee City Council

15 Mayor City Council School Committee (7) Superintendant ELL

16 Boston School Committee Rear Row: (L to R): Claudio Martinez; John F. Barros; Alfreda Harris; Mary Tamer; Meg Campbell Front row (L to R): Michael O'Neill; Superintendent Carol R. Johnson; Rev. Gregory G. Groover, Sr., D.Min

17 Superintendent appoints new Assistant Superintendent for English Language Learning Dr. Johnson names Dr. Eileen de los Reyes to reform education of English Language Learners in the Boston Public Schools “Eileen de los Reyes has precisely the vision and expertise needed to help lead the Boston Public Schools in a new direction for accelerating the performance of English Language Learners,” said Dr. Johnson. “Her wealth of knowledge and commitment to students whose first language is not English are a critical part of our plan to ensure that all students acquire English and achieve proficiency across subject areas.”

18 Boston City Council

19 City Council Salvatore LaMattina - District 1: North End, East Boston and Charlestown (took office Jan. 2006)Salvatore LaMattina Bill Linehan - District 2: South End and South Boston (took office May 2007)Bill Linehan Frank Baker - District 3: Dorchester (took office Jan. 2012)Frank Baker Charles Yancey - District 4: Mattapan (took office Jan. 1984)Charles Yancey Robert Consalvo District 5: Hyde Park and Roslindale (took office June 2002)Robert Consalvo Matt O'Malley - District 6: Jamaica Plain and West Roxbury (took office Nov. 2010)Matt O'Malley Tito Jackson - District 7: Roxbury (took office March 2011)Tito Jackson Michael P. Ross - District 8: Beacon Hill, Back Bay, Fenway/Kenmore, Mission Hill and West End (took office Jan. 2000)Michael P. Ross Mark Ciommo - District 9: Allston and Brighton (took office in Jan. 2008)Mark Ciommo Felix G. Arroyo (at-large) (took office Jan. 2010)Felix G. Arroyo John R. Connolly (at-large) (took office in Jan. 2008)John R. Connolly Stephen J. Murphy (at-large) (took office in Jan. 1998)Stephen J. Murphy Ayanna S. Pressley (at-large) (took office Jan. 2010)Ayanna S. Pressley

20 City Council Districts

21 What do we want? 1.Our children to have an effective English Language Learners program in high performing schools. 2. What do we mean by “our” children? 3. What do we mean by “effective”? 4. What do we mean by “high performing”?

22 The School Budget Process The budget development process begins in the early fall of each year when school administrators communicate to the Office of Enrollment Services any anticipated programmatic changes (expansion of a bilingual program for example). While compiling this information, the Office of Enrollment Services begins to project school enrollments for the following year, based in part on October 1st actual enrollments. Projections are then reviewed and approved by the school administrators. The Superintendent is required by law to submit a proposed budget to the School Committee by the first Wednesday in February. While the School Committee reviews the proposal and deliberates, information sessions and public hearings inform the public of the specifics of the proposed budget and solicit feedback.

23 The School Budget Process Once approved, the budget is submitted by the School Committee to the Mayor. The Mayor can either reduce or approve the total budget amount, but cannot change or reduce individual budget items. The Mayor is required by law to submit the budget to the City Council for appropriation by the second Wednesday in May. The City Council usually holds public hearings on the budget before voting on it. The Council votes on the entire budget submitted by the Mayor and cannot change or reduce individual budget items. The Council approves the budget before the new fiscal year that begins July 1st.

24 Your All Purpose Fill-In-The-Blanks Rap Guide to Asking Anybody for Anything I know you agree that _______________________. (The shared values) _______ are in crisis because_____. (The problem) You care because _________. (The link between shared values and personal experience). We know that_______________ would begin to fix it. (The solution) You can help by ________________. (The action request)


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