3suprarenal gland lies at the level of?? T8 T10 T12 L2 Anatomy teamyellowish retroperitoneal organs that lie on the upper poles of the kidneys,
4the anterolateral relation of the RIGHT suprarenal gland is?? A. inferior vana cava B. liverC. pancreasD. stomachAntromedial of the RIGHTAntrolateral of the RIGHTAnterior relation of the LEFTAnatomy team
5which one of the following statement is true about the Adrenal gland?? A. each gland supply by one artery & drain into one vein.B. each gland supply by two arteries & drain into one vein.C. each gland supply by three arteries & drain into three veins.D. each gland supply by three arteries & drain into one vein.Anatomy team
6superior suprarenal artery branch of?? A. abdominal aorta B. inferior phrenic arteryC. renal arteryD. celiac trunkMiddle suprarenal arterySuperior suprarenal arteryInferior suprarenal arteryAnatomy team*see the previous picture
7A. right suprarenal vein. B. left suprarenal vein. which one of the following veins drain DIRECTLY into the inferior vana cava??A. right suprarenal vein.B. left suprarenal vein.Directly into IVCInto LEFT renal veinAnatomy team
8The autonomic nervous type of the adrenal gland is? Sympathetic only Parasympathetic onlySympathetic & parasympatheticAnatomy teamderived from the splanchnic nerves supply the glands.Most of the nerves end in the medulla of the gland.
9The fetal adrenal cortex is developing form : A – Ectoderm B – MesodermC – EndodermD – Developing kidneyAnatomy and embryology teamsPartOriginDevelopmentCortex(fetal & Permanent)Mesodermfrom the celomic epithelium of the posterior abdominal wall.MedullaEctodermFrom Sympathetic ganglion (Neural crest cells.)
10Which one of these zones is recognizable at birth : A – Zona glomerulosaB – Zona reticularisC – zona fasciculataD – Both A and CAt birthAt the end of third year.Anatomy and embryology teams
11The fetal adrenal cortex start to develop at the: A – 8th weekB – 7th weekC – 6th weekD – 6th monthAnatomy and embryology teams
12Regarding the adrenal gland cortex at birth: A – Start to get smaller ar 2-3 week and complete at the end of 1st year .B – bigger than medullaC – Start to get smaller ar 2-3 week and complete at the end of 3rd yearD – The same after pubertyAnatomy and embryology teams
14Which gland has exocrine and endocrine functions: Adrenal Pancreas AdrenalPancreasThyroidPituitaryAnatomy teamExocrine: secretions of digestive enzymes.Endocrine: islets of Langerhans that produce insulin and glucagon.
15all the parts of pancreas at the level of L1 (transpyloric plane) except the tail at the level of?? B.L3C.T11D.T12Anatomy team
16which one of the following is posterior to the HEAD of pancreas?? A. aortaB. Inferior vana cavaC.Origin of Superior Mesenteric arteryD.the confluence of the Portal VeinAnatomy teamA,C,D are posterior to the neck of pancreas
17Superior Mesenteric artery Patient had cancer of HEAD of pancreas then he developed obstructive jaundice ,Which one of the following structures responsible for the obstructive jaundice ??Inferior vana cavaBile ductAortaSuperior Mesenteric arteryAnatomy teamPosterior to the headCommon site of the cancer of pancreas are HEAD & BODY
18Which one of the following vessels is anterior to Uncinate Process ?? Inferior mesenteric vesselssuperior mesenteric vesselsSplenic vesselsCeliac vesselsAnatomy teamsuperior mesenteric vessels emerge from inferior border of the neckTHEN anterior to Uncinate Process
19C. superior mesenteric artery D. superior mesenteric vein which one of the following vessels run on the upper border of the body of pancreas (tortuous course)??A. splenic arteryB. splenic veinC. superior mesenteric arteryD. superior mesenteric veinAnatomy teamThe Splenic Vein is embedded in its post. SurfaceThe Splenic Artery runs to the left along the upper border of the pancreas.
20Which one of the following parts of pancreas is susceptible to be injured during Splenectomy, because it lies in the Splenicorenal ligament??HeadNeckBodyTailAnatomy teamAnteriorly, related to: splenic flexure of colon
21which one of the following structures anterior to the body & tail of pancreas? A.Left Adrenal glandB. left kidneyC. stomachD. Hilum of the spleenAnatomy teamAnterior to (body & tail):Stomach separated from by lesser sacTransverse colon &transverse mesocolonPosterior to (body & tail) :Left Psoas muscleLeft Adrenal glandLeft Renal vesselsUpper 1/3rd of Left kidneyHilum of the spleen.
22Celiac Superior pancreaticoduodenal which one of the following arteries supply the body & tail of the pancreas?A. celiac trunkB. superior mesenteric arteryC. Inferior mesenteric arteryD. splenic artery Anatomy teamCeliac Superior pancreaticoduodenalHeadsuperior mesenteric Inferior pancreaticoduodenalNeck &Body & tailsplenic artery
23The autonomic nervous type of the pancreas is? Sympathetic only Parasympathetic onlySympathetic & parasympatheticAnatomy teamSympatheticfrom the splanchnic nervesinhibitory effectParasympatheticfrom the VagusStimulatory effect
24Accessory Pancreatic duct. Main Pancreatic DUCTS joins ……… to form (Major Duodenal Papilla) that open in the 2nd portion of the duodenum ??Common hepatic duct.Bile duct.Cystic duct.Accessory Pancreatic duct.Anatomy team