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Anatomy team ADRENAL GLAND Anatomy team suprarenal gland lies at the level of?? A. T8 B.T10 C.T12 D.L2 yellowish.

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Presentation on theme: "Anatomy team ADRENAL GLAND Anatomy team suprarenal gland lies at the level of?? A. T8 B.T10 C.T12 D.L2 yellowish."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com ADRENAL GLAND

3 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com suprarenal gland lies at the level of?? A. T8 B.T10 C.T12 D.L2 yellowish retroperitoneal organs that lie on the upper poles of the kidneys,

4 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com the anterolateral relation of the RIGHT suprarenal gland is?? A. inferior vana cava B. liver C. pancreas D. stomach Antromedial of the RIGHT Antrolateral of the RIGHT Anterior relation of the LEFT

5 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com which one of the following statement is true about the Adrenal gland?? A. each gland supply by one artery & drain into one vein. B. each gland supply by two arteries & drain into one vein. C. each gland supply by three arteries & drain into three veins. D. each gland supply by three arteries & drain into one vein.

6 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com superior suprarenal artery branch of?? A. abdominal aorta B. inferior phrenic artery C. renal artery D. celiac trunk  Middle suprarenal artery  Superior suprarenal artery  Inferior suprarenal artery *see the previous picture

7 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com which one of the following veins drain DIRECTLY into the inferior vana cava?? A. right suprarenal vein. B. left suprarenal vein.  Directly into IVC  Into LEFT renal vein

8 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com The autonomic nervous type of the adrenal gland is? A.Sympathetic only B.Parasympathetic only C.Sympathetic & parasympathetic  derived from the splanchnic nerves supply the glands.  Most of the nerves end in the medulla of the gland.

9 Anatomy and embryology teams embryology433@gmail.com The fetal adrenal cortex is developing form : A – Ectoderm B – Mesoderm C – Endoderm D – Developing kidney PartOriginDevelopment Cortex(fetal & Permanent)Mesodermfrom the celomic epithelium of the posterior abdominal wall. MedullaEctodermFrom Sympathetic ganglion (Neural crest cells.)

10 Anatomy and embryology teams embryology433@gmail.com Which one of these zones is recognizable at birth : A – Zona glomerulosa B – Zona reticularis C – zona fasciculata D – Both A and C  At birth  At the end of third year.  At birth

11 Anatomy and embryology teams embryology433@gmail.com The fetal adrenal cortex start to develop at the: A – 8th week B – 7th week C – 6th week D – 6th month

12 Anatomy and embryology teams embryology433@gmail.com Regarding the adrenal gland cortex at birth: A – Start to get smaller ar 2-3 week and complete at the end of 1st year. B – bigger than medulla C – Start to get smaller ar 2-3 week and complete at the end of 3rd year D – The same after puberty

13 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com PANCREAS

14 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com Which gland has exocrine and endocrine functions: A.Adrenal B.Pancreas C.Thyroid D.Pituitary Exocrine: secretions of digestive enzymes. Endocrine: islets of Langerhans that produce insulin and glucagon.

15 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com all the parts of pancreas at the level of L1 (transpyloric plane) except the tail at the level of?? A.L2 B.L3 C.T11 D.T12

16 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com which one of the following is posterior to the HEAD of pancreas?? A. aorta B. Inferior vana cava C.Origin of Superior Mesenteric artery D.the confluence of the Portal Vein A,C,D are posterior to the neck of pancreas

17 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com Patient had cancer of HEAD of pancreas then he developed obstructive jaundice, Which one of the following structures responsible for the obstructive jaundice ?? A.Inferior vana cava B.Bile duct C.Aorta D.Superior Mesenteric artery Posterior to the head Common site of the cancer of pancreas are HEAD & BODY

18 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com Which one of the following vessels is anterior to Uncinate Process ?? A.Inferior mesenteric vessels B.superior mesenteric vessels C.Splenic vessels D.Celiac vessels superior mesenteric vessels emerge from inferior border of the neck THEN anterior to Uncinate Process

19 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com which one of the following vessels run on the upper border of the body of pancreas (tortuous course)?? A. splenic artery B. splenic vein C. superior mesenteric artery D. superior mesenteric vein The Splenic Vein is embedded in its post. Surface The Splenic Artery runs to the left along the upper border of the pancreas.

20 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com Which one of the following parts of pancreas is susceptible to be injured during Splenectomy, because it lies in the Splenicorenal ligament?? A.Head B.Neck C.Body D.Tail Anteriorly, related to: splenic flexure of colon

21 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com which one of the following structures anterior to the body & tail of pancreas? A.Left Adrenal gland B. left kidney C. stomach D. Hilum of the spleen Anterior to (body & tail): Stomach separated from by lesser sac Transverse colon & transverse mesocolon Posterior to (body & tail) : Left Psoas muscle Left Adrenal gland Left Renal vessels Upper 1/3 rd of Left kidney Hilum of the spleen.

22 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com which one of the following arteries supply the body & tail of the pancreas? A. celiac trunk B. superior mesenteric artery C. Inferior mesenteric artery D. splenic artery Head Celiac  Superior pancreaticoduodenal superior mesenteric  Inferior pancreaticoduodenal Neck &Body & tail splenic artery

23 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com The autonomic nervous type of the pancreas is? A.Sympathetic only B.Parasympathetic only C.Sympathetic & parasympathetic Sympathetic from the splanchnic nerves inhibitory effect Parasympathetic from the Vagus Stimulatory effect

24 Anatomy team anatomy433@gmail.com Main Pancreatic DUCTS joins ……… to form (Major Duodenal Papilla) that open in the 2nd portion of the duodenum ?? A.Common hepatic duct. B.Bile duct. C.Cystic duct. D.Accessory Pancreatic duct.

25 Done by: Anjod AlMuhareb Alanood AlMehaidib Abdulhamid alGhamdi Alwaleed ALSubaie Revised by: Hassan Almalak anatomy433@gmail.com embryology433@gmail.com @anatomy433


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