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Warm-Up: Fragment Practice Copy the sentences below. Determine if they are fragments or complete. If they are fragments write what it is missing (the subject,

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Presentation on theme: "Warm-Up: Fragment Practice Copy the sentences below. Determine if they are fragments or complete. If they are fragments write what it is missing (the subject,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Warm-Up: Fragment Practice Copy the sentences below. Determine if they are fragments or complete. If they are fragments write what it is missing (the subject, the verb, or a complete thought?). 1. As the wind blew through the tiny village. 2. The class of 33 silly 9 th graders. 3. Watching the game enthusiastically.

2 WRITERS WORKSHOP

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4 Paragraph 1  Thesis ◦ Summary of plot ◦ State your overall opinion of the story, provide a brief summary of the most important parts of the story, and end with your Thesis.  Thesis: ◦ All in all, Richard Connell’s “The Most Dangerous Game” lacks round characters, a precise exposition, and believable irony, making the story not worth a second read. ◦ Despite the flat characters, overwrought exposition, and predictable irony of Richard Connell’s “The Most Dangerous Game,” the story’s theme makes this story a game worth playing.

5 Example: The Most Dangerous Game was one of the most influential stories during my high school career (1). This book talks about the morals of violence (2). The protagonist, Rainsford, is a man who has no quams killing for sport (3). Ironically, He becomes trapped in a "game" and has to either kill General Zaroff, the antagonist, or find a way to escape (4). At the end of the story, Rainsford outsmarts the general, and defeats him in a duel, leaving the Zaroff the be torn apart by hounds (5). Despite some stereotypical characters, a drawn out exposition, and predictable irony the story’s powerful theme still makes it worth the read (6).

6 Example: Since I read The Most Dangerous Game in the 9th grade, I've been deeply affected by it. (1) Something about man being portrayed as the hunted rather than the hunter is terrifying, and not in the done-to-death slasher movie type of way. (2) The premise is that the narrator is thrown overboard in a storm, washes ashore an island inhabited by a rich gamesman who hunts 'the most dangerous game' in the world: humans. (3) The word "Game" in the title serves the dual purpose of referring to the 'game' of cat-and-mouse that ensues as well as referring to man as 'game' to be hunted. (4) Even though much of the plot is predictable, this creepy text is a game worth playing. (5)

7 10 Min to write Paragraph 1 Finished early? ◦ Underline your verbs and subjects. Be sure all of your sentences are complete. ◦ Label your sentences. If you don’t have at least five you are not done. ◦ Read what you wrote. Does it make sense? Are the sentences in the right order?

8 Paragraph 2: Characters ◦ Did you think the characters were good? Bad? Flat? Round? Stereotypical? ◦ Did they add to the story? ◦ Justify your feelings with examples. RainsfordGeneral ZaroffIvanWhitney

9 Example: One thing that stopped me from really enjoying the story was its flat and even racist characters. (1) Both Ivan and General Zaroff are dangerous Russian stereotypes, that reflect the author’s xenophobia instead of realistic and original villains. (2) Ivan is so dull, his character never even speaks. (3) He blindly does what ever Zaroff asks of him, lacks character motivation, and is really just an Igor copy ripped straight from Mary Shelly’s far superior horror classic Frankenstein. (4) While we do learn more about General Zaroff and his motivations for being so evil, the bulk of his character development surrounds either his wealth or his Russian heritage. (5) The text is overwhelmed with descriptions of Zaroff’s luxurious tastes, crystal tables, and bottles of fancy wine. (6) Worse are Connells’ stereotypical descriptions of Russians, because really the story would be nothing without the line “the rich, red soup with whipped cream so dear to Russian palates". (7) Excuse me for a second while I salivate. (8)

10 Example: The strength of the story is the antagonist. (1) General Zaroff is a perfect villain - gentlemanly calm, brutal, sociopatically-pleasant, competent, and rather sinister in his almost-supernatural hunter skill. (2) "Life is for the strong, to be lived by the strong, and, if needs be, taken by the strong. The weak of the world were put here to give the strong pleasure. I am strong. Why should I not use my gift? If I wish to hunt, why should I not?“ (3) His attitude towards his cat-and-mouse hunting game with his prisoners is effectively chilling. (4) Zaroff is more developed than the other characters, and we get a sense of his twisted and entitled up-bringing that brought him to such extremes. (5) He provides a good foil for Rainsford, and stays true to his calm and calculating character to the end. (6)

11 A foil is a character who contrasts with another character (usually the protagonist) in order to highlight particular qualities of the other character.

12 10 Min to write Paragraph 2 Finished early? ◦ Underline your verbs and subjects. Be sure all of your sentences are complete. ◦ Label your sentences. If you don’t have at least five you are not done. ◦ Read what you wrote. Does it make sense? Are the sentences in the right order?

13 Paragraph 3: Plot ◦ The Most Dangerous Game, messes with the traditional progression of plot. Does this make the story better or worse? ◦ Focus on at least one element. ◦ The drawn out exposition; the cliff-hanging climax; the missing falling action; the very short and open ended resolution. TRADITIONAL PLOT DIAGRAM“THE MOST DANEROUS GAME” PLOT DIAGRAM

14 Example In addition to the story’s lack luster characters, the progression of the plot is just weird. (1) The exposition lasts forever. (2) Even after the rising action has supposedly began with Rainsford falling off the boat, the next 7 pages of text is still just descriptions of the setting or characters. (3) General Zaroff sends way too much time talking. (4) I understand the author was trying to be subtle and lead up to the climatic ending, but the excessive amount of suspenseful detail and lack of actual action didn’t pay off. (5) I almost fell asleep before the real action even began. (6) Because of this slow beginning, the end of the story felt way too rushed and incomplete. (7) For an author who left no description untold, he left an awful lot up to the readers imagination with that one line ending. (8)

15 10 Min to write Paragraph 3 Finished early? ◦ Underline your verbs and subjects. Be sure all of your sentences are complete. ◦ Label your sentences. If you don’t have at least five you are not done. ◦ Read what you wrote. Does it make sense? Are the sentences in the right order?

16 Paragraph 4: Irony Rainsford, the hunter, becomes the hunted ◦ Consider the main situational irony of the story: Rainsford, the hunter, becomes the hunted. ◦ Consider other examples of situational, dramatic, and verbal irony in the story. ◦ Does the irony make the story better? Why or why not? “Don't talk rot, Whitney," said Rainsford. "You're a big-game hunter, not a philosopher. Who cares how a jaguar feels?” “Don't talk rot, Whitney," said Rainsford. "You're a big-game hunter, not a philosopher. Who cares how a jaguar feels?”

17 Example One of the most important aspects of Connell’s short story is his use of situational irony. (1) At the story’s start, Whitney talks about an uncivilized and dangerous island that readers soon come to discover is home to a gorgeous mansion. (2) Though Rainsford assumes the castle is home to a stranger, General Zaroff knows and greets the protagonist by name. (3) Most notably and predictably, Rainsford- a hunter- become the hunted “game” of the story. (4) Any reader who is familiar with foreshadowing can guess from the story’s start that Rainsford will become prey in some way. (5) When Whitney and Rainsford discuss how the jaguars they will soon be hunting must feel at the other end of the gun, Connell gives away too many clues leaving the reader feeling like his ironic twist is too obvious and expected. (6)

18 Paragraph 5: Conclusion ◦ Would you recommend the story? Why or why not? ◦ Touch on the main points of your body paragraphs and tie them together : ◦ CRITIQUE OF CHARACTERS ◦ CRITIQUE OF PLOT ◦ CRITIQUE OF IRONY … and connect these to why you would or would not recommend this story. VIOLENCE THIS LAST PARAGRAPH GIVES YOU AN OPPORTUNITY TO ALSO EVALUATE THE STORY’S THEME... OR, THE STORY’S CENTRAL MESSAGE ABOUT THE STORY’S MAIN TOPIC: VIOLENCE

19 Example Despite the lack of complex or sympathetic characters, the unnecessarily odd plot structure, and predictable irony of the story, I would recommend Connell’s “The Most Dangerous Game” to other readers.(1) Connell’s Rainsford is the story’s most dynamic and interesting character, and his transformation into a "bad guy” at the story’s conclusion emphasizes the story’s powerful theme about violence. (2) Because of Rainsford’s exposure to violence, he has a dangerous change of heart (3). This theme demonstrates that if a person is exposed to excessive or gratuitous violence, then they might turn violent themselves (4). I recommend this story to readers who enjoy violence for entertainment or pleasure (5). Perhaps Connell’s story will make them question their personal enjoyment of violence for sport.(6)

20 10 Min to write Paragraph 5 Finished early? ◦ Underline your verbs and subjects. Be sure all of your sentences are complete. ◦ Label your sentences. If you don’t have at least five you are not done. ◦ Read what you wrote. Does it make sense? Are the sentences in the right order?

21 Transitions CHECK Your thoughts must connect! Use the Transitions Handout to make sure your thoughts are collected in an organized manner.

22 Final Drafting Time ◦ Put it all together in a polished final product!


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