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© 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Chapter 7 Structure and Function of the Human Body

2 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Definitions Anatomy Physiology Diseases Pathophysiology (continued)

3 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Definitions Etiology Signs and symptoms –Objective –Subjective –Diseases and syndromes (continued)

4 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Definitions Diagnostic procedures –Diagnosis Treatment Prognosis Prevention (continued)

5 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Definitions Wellness Illness Prevention –Primary –Secondary –Tertiary

6 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Question Which of the following is an example of objective data? A.Headache B.High blood pressure C.Numbness in arm

7 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Answer B. High blood pressure Objective data –Can be observed by health care worker –E.g., high blood pressure reading Subjective data –Not directly observable and reported by patient –E.g., headache, numbness

8 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Genetics Inherited characteristics Impact on medical disorders Impact on body systems

9 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Systems of the Body Body system –When two or more organs combine to perform major body function Interrelated Maintain homeostasis or wellness

10 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Movement and Protection Skeletal, muscular, and integumentary –Provide support –Allow movement –Protect body

11 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Skeletal System Functions of bones: –Give shape to body –Provide place for muscles to attach –Protect internal organs –Store minerals –Manufacture blood cells (continued)

12 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Skeletal System Newborns have 270 bones Adults have approximately 206 bones Long bones Short bones Flat bones Irregular bones

13 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Bone Structure Medullary canal Diaphysis Epiphyses Periosteum Red marrow Cartilage

14 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Long Bone Structures

15 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Axial Skeleton Skull Inner ear Hyoid Spinal column Ribs Sternum

16 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Appendicular Skeleton Shoulders Arms Hands Pelvis Legs Feet

17 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Joints Articulation Synovial fluid Ligaments Bursa Joint types

18 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Joint Movement

19 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Skeletal System Major diseases and disorders Preventive measures Age-related changes

20 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Question Which of the following movements would be an example of adduction? A.Raising the arm away from the side of the body B.Turning the palm face upward C.Pulling the leg toward the median

21 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Answer C. Pulling the leg toward the median Adduction –Movement toward median plane of body Abduction –Raising arm away from side of body Supination –Turning palm face upward

22 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Muscular System More than 600 muscles –Cardiac (heart) –Skeletal –Smooth (visceral) –Sphincter (dilator)

23 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Muscle Characteristics Contractibility Excitability (irritability) Extensibility Elasticity

24 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Skeletal Muscle Attached to bones by tendons Fascia Origin and insertion Belly (continued)

25 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Skeletal Muscle Prime mover Antagonist Spasticity Atrophy Contracture

26 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Muscular System Major diseases and disorders Preventive measures Age-related changes

27 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Question True or False: –Gangrene is caused by a virus that kills muscle tissue.

28 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Answer False Gangrene caused by bacteria that kills muscle tissue –Not virus

29 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Animation Click Here to Play The Shoulder Injuries Animation

30 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Integumentary System Largest organ Protects from environmental hazards Controls temperature Prevents dehydration Skin and appendages

31 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Layers of the Skin Epidermis Dermis Subcutaneous tissue Appendages

32 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. The Skin

33 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Skin Structures

34 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Animation Click Here to Play The Skin Animation

35 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Integumentary System Major diseases and disorders Preventive measures Age-related changes

36 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Question Which of the following is the outer layer of skin? A.Dermis B.Subcutaneous C.Epidermis

37 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Answer C. Epidermis Epidermis –Outer layer Dermis –Second layer Subcutaneous –Innermost layer

38 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Energy and Removing Waste Various systems: –Cardiovascular –Lymphatic –Respiratory –Digestive –Urinary

39 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Cardiovascular System Transports Regulates temperature Consists of heart and blood vessels –Arteries –Veins –Capillaries

40 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Cardiopulmonary Circulation

41 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Heart Endocardium Myocardium Pericardium Right and left atria Right and left ventricles Valves

42 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Circulation Flow of blood throughout body Oxygenated and deoxygenated blood Electrical system

43 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Electrical System

44 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Animation Click Here to Play The Heart Animation

45 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Blood Red blood cells (RBC) White blood cells (WBC) Platelets Plasma

46 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Animation Click Here to Play The Blood Animation

47 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Cardiovascular System Major diseases and disorders Preventive measures Age-related changes

48 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Question True or False: –The atrioventricular (AV) node is the natural pacemaker of the heart.

49 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Answer False Sinoatrial (SA) node –Natural pacemaker of heart

50 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Lymphatic System Second transportation system Consists of the following: –Lymph –Lymphatic ducts –Lymph nodes –Role of spleen –Immune response

51 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Animation Click Here to Play Lymphatic System Animation

52 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Lymphatic System Major diseases and disorders Preventive measures Age-related changes

53 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Question Which of the following is a function of the lymphatic system? A.Has a role in immune response B.Circulates RBCs C.Produces platelets for clotting

54 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Answer A. Has a role in immune response Lymphatic system has role in immune response Cardiovascular system circulates RBCs Platelets produced in bone marrow

55 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Respiratory System Delivers air to sites for gas exchange Consists of the following: –Nose –Pharynx –Larynx –Trachea (continued)

56 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Respiratory System Consists of the following: –Bronchi –Lungs –Diaphragm (continued)

57 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Respiratory System

58 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Animation Click Here to Play The Respiration Animation

59 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Respiratory System Major diseases and disorders Preventive measures Age-related changes

60 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Question True or False: –Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a general term that refers to chronic diseases that obstruct airflow.

61 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Answer True COPD –General term referring to chronic diseases that obstruct airflow

62 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Digestive System Processes food for energy Gastrointestinal system: –Mouth –Esophagus –Stomach –Small intestines –Large intestines (continued)

63 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Digestive System

64 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Accessory Organs Liver Gallbladder Pancreas

65 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Animation Click Here to Play The Digestion Animation

66 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Digestive System Major diseases and disorders Preventive measures Age-related changes

67 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Question Which of the following is considered an age-related change for the digestive system? A.Increased liver size B.Decreased peristalsis C.Increased appetite

68 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Answer B. Decreased peristalsis Decrease in peristalsis –Age-related change in digestive system Decreases in liver size and appetite may also occur –Not increases

69 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Urinary System Eliminates excess water, salts, and waste Consists of the following: –Kidneys –Ureters –Urinary bladder –Urethra (continued)

70 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Urinary System (continued)

71 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Urinary System

72 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Animation Click Here to Play The Urine Formation Animation

73 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Urinary System Major diseases and disorders Preventive measures Age-related changes

74 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Question True or False: –The urethra connects the kidneys with the bladder.

75 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Answer False Ureters connect kidney to bladder Urethra connect bladder to outside of body

76 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Sensing, Coordinating, and Controlling Five senses –Seeing –Hearing –Smelling –Tasting –Touching Nervous system must interpret input

77 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Eyes Sclera –Cornea Choroid –Iris, pupil, and lens Retina –Rods and cones Optic nerve (continued)

78 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Eyes Structures that protect: –Orbit –Eyelids, eyelashes, and eyebrows –Conjunctiva –Lacrimal glands –Aqueous humor –Vitreous humor

79 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Eyes: Internal View

80 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Eyes: External View

81 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Animation Click Here to Play The Vision Animation

82 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Ears Outer –Auricle, external auditory canal, and tympanic membrane Middle –Ossicles and Eustachian tubes Inner –Cochlea and semicircular canals (continued)

83 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Ears

84 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Animation Click Here to Play The Hearing Animation

85 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Eyes and Ears Major diseases and disorders Preventive measures Age-related changes

86 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Question True or False: –Another name for the eardrum is tympanic membrane.

87 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Answer True Tympanic membrane –Another name for eardrum

88 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Nervous System Detects sensations from body Controls body’s actions Responsible for thoughts, emotions, and memories Uses 20 percent of energy produced by body (continued)

89 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Nervous System Consists of the following: –Brain –Spinal cord –Nerves (continued)

90 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Nervous System Central nervous system –Brain Cerebrum, cerebellum, diencephalon, and brain stem –Spinal cord 32 pairs of nerves, meninges, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)

91 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Central Nervous System

92 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Peripheral Nervous System Cranial and spinal nerves –Sensory fibers –Motor fibers

93 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Autonomic Nervous System Involuntary nerves Sympathetic system Parasympathetic system

94 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Neurons Cell body Dendrites Axon Myelin Synapse Neurotransmitters (continued)

95 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Neurons

96 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Nervous System Major diseases and disorders Preventive measures Age-related changes

97 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Question Which of the following actions is the response of the sympathetic nervous system? A.Increased heart rate B.Lowered blood pressure C.Pupil constriction

98 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Answer A. Increased heart rate Sympathetic system for “fight or flight” –Increase in heart rate One of the actions Parasympathetic system for “rest and digest” –Lowers blood pressure and constricts pupils

99 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Endocrine System Glands that manufacture hormones Works closely with nervous system Exocrine and endocrine glands Feedback mechanism

100 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Endocrine Glands Pituitary anterior lobe –GH, ACTH, TSH, MSH, FSH, LH, ICSH, and LTH Pituitary posterior lobe –ADH and oxytocin Pineal –Melatonin (continued)

101 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Endocrine Glands Thyroid –T 4, T 3, and calcitonin Parathyroid –Parathormone Thymus –Thymosin (continued)

102 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Endocrine Glands Adrenal cortex –Mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, and gonadocorticoids Adrenal medulla –Epinephrine and norepinephrine Pancreas –Insulin and glucagon (continued)

103 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Endocrine System

104 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Animation Click Here to Play The Endocrine System Animation

105 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Endocrine System Major diseases and disorders Preventive measures Age-related changes

106 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Question True or False: –A hormone is a chemical substance secreted by a gland.

107 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Answer True Hormone –Chemical substance secreted by gland

108 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Producing New Life Most fundamental function common to all living organisms Essential for continuation of species

109 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Female Reproduction Ovaries Fallopian tubes Uterus Vagina External reproductive organs Breasts

110 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Female Reproductive Organs

111 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Animation Click Here to Play The Female Reproductive System Animation

112 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Female Reproduction Major diseases and disorders Preventive measures Age-related changes

113 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Question True or False: –The ovaries are directly connected to the fallopian tubes.

114 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Answer False Ovaries not directly connected to fallopian tubes –Finger-like projections (fimbriae) draw ovum, released from ovary, down into tube

115 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Male Reproduction Testes Seminal vesicles Prostate gland Penis Urethra Cowper’s gland

116 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Male Reproductive Organs

117 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Animation Click Here to Play The Male Reproductive System Animation

118 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Male Reproduction Major diseases and disorders Preventive measures Age-related changes

119 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Question True or False: –Prostatic hypertrophy is a cancerous condition.

120 © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied, duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part. Answer False Prostatic hypertrophy can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous) –Can also be caused by inflammation or hormonal changes


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