-Slave owners employed many different methods to keep their slaves working. - Harsh Punishments: Slaves who did not work were whipped, branded and beaten. - This could injure slaves and cause more resistance, so other methods were used.
-Slave Breaking: Disobedient slaves were sent to people who would “train” them. -Like housebreaking a violent pet. Abuse them till they submit.
-Examples: “Slaves, obey your earthly masters with deep respect and fear. Serve them sincerely as you would serve Christ.” (Ephesians 6:5 NLT) “Christians who are slaves should give their masters full respect so that the name of God and his teaching will not be shamed. If your master is a Christian, that is no excuse for being disrespectful.” (1 Timothy 6:1-2 NLT) Religion: Bible was used to re-enforce slave obedience. Masters attended church to make sure message of sermon was pro-slavery.
-Slaves found many ways to resist their masters. -1) Passive Resistance: Slaves “pretended” not to understand directions, driving their masters nuts in the process.
-2) Open Defiance: Slaves that were pushed too hard struck back violently, and attacked their master physically. -They were usually sold or killed.
-3) Slave Church: Secret churches held in the woods by slaves. Allowed them to study parts of bible they wanted. Examples - The entire book of Exodus.
-4) Escape: Thousands of slaves escaped via the Underground Railroad, a secret network of sympathetic whites and free blacks. -Guides would help them escape north by feeding and hiding them. -Slaves also helped with coded messages in quilts and songs.
-5) Rebellion: Slaves sometimes revolted and killed their masters. -Planters would sleep with loaded guns causing all kinds of accidents...
The Nat Turner Rebellion: Slave revolt led by Nat Turner. Led bloody uprising in Virginia resulting in 57 deaths. -Resulted in stronger slave laws and harsher punishments to keep slaves in line.