Presentation on theme: "Your exam paper On quotes and writing process. It’s quite simple. When you quote or paraphrase something, you cite the author’s last name, the year of."— Presentation transcript:
It’s quite simple. When you quote or paraphrase something, you cite the author’s last name, the year of publication, and the page reference, in brackets. For example: The popularity of baked beans soared when Elvis Presley was seen to eat six whole tins on Entertainment Tonight in 1959 (Heinz, 2000: 34). At the end of the essay you then include a ‘References’ section which must include every item you’ve referred to in the essay. If there are two or more works by an author published in the same year, distinguish them as 2000a, 2000b, and so on. (Gauntlett)Gauntlett Harvard reference style
Think: why do you need that quote? When to quote and when to paraphrase (Booth 1995 206) Use direct quotations - when you use the work of others as primary data - when you appeal to their authority - when the specific words of your source matters - when the words have been important to other researchers - when you want to focus on how the source says things - the words of the source are vivid and significant - you dispute your source and want to state the case fairly Paraphrase sources - when you are more interested in findings than in how a source express them - when you can say the same things more clearly
Work environment –Dictionary (including ethymology) –Grammar book –Style book –Thesaurus –Language guide about the usage of words/expressions Even more important when you write in a foreign language!
Phases in writing –thinking –planning –collecting materials –write drafts –structuring –revising –final writing (gennemskrivning) (Heltberg 1997 33) However, writing is not a linear process!
Problems in writing (danger signals) wanting to read ”everything” before writing being too ambitious: - too broad problem statement - too abstract - too much theorizing writing about you don’t really understand writing ”finalized” too early writing more precisely than sources and facts warrant addressing too many target groups at once overloading the sentences aiming for a very high grade and not knowing the grading criteria rejecting support from others working too hard too long doing too much irrelevant things (procrastination) having either very good or very bad writing experiences (Rienecker 1999 305)
Next steps Status report to writing group (22 April) Present your draft to class and experts (6 Maj) Hand-in date (21 Maj) Homework: send an updated problemformulation to teacher with the email heading: updated problem formulation. IT WILL BE USED TO MAKE THE WRITING GROUPS Deadline: Sunday evening
Academic Writing Materials Compiled by Anker Helms Jørgensen, who teaches our phd students this topic All material comes from: –(Blåsjö 2000) Blåsjö, Mona (2000): Uppsatsens yta och djup - Studenters skrivutveckling mellan B- och C-uppsats [Surface and depth of the student essay. Writing development of university students.] TeFa report 33, Dept. of Nordic Languages, Stockholm University. –(Booth 1995) Booth, Wayne C., Colomb, Gregory G., and Williams, Joseph M. (1995): The Craft of Research. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. –(Heltberg 1997) Heltberg, Eva and Kock, Christian (red): Skrivehåndbogen [The Writer’s Handbook]. Gyldendal, 1997. –(Rienecker 1997) Rienecker, Lotte (1997): Den gode opgave – arbejdsprocesser og kvalitetskriterier i opgaver på humaniora [The Good Essay – work processes and quality criteria in essays in the Humanities]. Gyldendal. –(Rienecker 1999) Rienecker, Lotte and Jørgensen, Peter Stray (1999): Opgaveskrivning på videregående uddannelser - en læreRbog [Writing essays in higher education – a Teacher’s handbook]. Frederiksberg, Samfundslitteratur. –(Rienecker 2000) Rienecker, Lotte and Jørgensen, Peter Stray (2000): Den gode opgave - opgaveskrivning på videregående uddannelser [The good essay – writing essays in higher education]. 2. udg. Frederiksberg: Samfundslitteratur. –(Rieneceker 2005) Rienecker, Lotte and Jørgensen, Peter Stray (2005): Den gode opgave. Håndbog i opgaveskrivning på videregående uddannelser [The good essay. Handbook in writing essays in higher education]. Samfundslitteratur. –(Swales 2000) Swales, John. M and Feak, Christine (2000): English in today’s research world – a writing guide. University of Michigan Press. –(Swales 2004) Swales, John M and Feak, Christine B. (2004): Academic Writing for Graduate Students – essential tasks and skills. Univ. Michigan Press. 2nd ed.