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Presidential Reconstruction Andrew Johnson's presidency.

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Presentation on theme: "Presidential Reconstruction Andrew Johnson's presidency."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presidential Reconstruction Andrew Johnson's presidency

2 Johnson's background Johnson was a very open racist and a southern slave owner who also hated southern planters and was a self made man Opposers of Johnson considered him a tactless man Johnson was a senator for Tennessee before the Civil War who heavily opposed secession Hated by the south for opposing secession, Johnson left the south after Tennessee's secession out of fear for his life

3 Johnson takes office Following Lincoln's assassination, Democratic Vice President Andrew Johnson becomes the 17th president of the United States Congress hasn't reformed since the Civil War, almost a year without them

4 Johnson's policy Johnson took a very laissez-faire approach during his presidency He believed that states should be sovereign with limited federal government Sympathetic for the South

5 Johnson's plan Pardons would be granted to southerners if they pledge their loyalty to the Union and if they didn't own land in value excess of $20,000 A state must abolish slavery and repeal secession before rejoining the Union New states could hold Constitutional Conventions without Lincoln's 10% plan The South had to accept their Civil War debt before returning

6 Putting his plan in action Johnson was very sympathetic to the South, makes the North initially happy, but when Congress forms again they start to dislike him Reasoned that the South never technically seceded and should be easily readmitted to the Union Granted pardons to almost anybody with the exception of Southern officials who received "special presidential pardons" Nothing really special about it, just pardons for Southerners of prominence or criminals during the Civil War

7 Abolishment and repealing secession The 13th amendment was already set in place before Johnson's presidency Johnson was extremely against the 14th amendment and vetoed it initially. Finally Republicans in Congress overruled Johnson and it was then ratified Johnson is now forcing all Southern states to ratify the 13th and 14th amendment and repeal secession in order to rejoin the Union

8 Southern conventions Southern states would hold a vote to determine who their government officials would be to reform their state and Lincoln's 10% plan didn't matter.

9 Southern war debts The southern states must accept their war debts in order to return to the Union The South must also repay war debts to the Union

10 Northern reaction Northerners were very pleased with Johnson and how he handled the South after the Civil War at first Northerners then realize how easy he was being on the South and saw him as too soft on the South and Reconstruction couldn't be done with Johnson being so laid back

11 Southern reaction Expected to get the worst treatment from Johnson possible after their treatment of the former Tennessee Senator Surprisingly Johnson did the opposite and treated the South with sympathy South very grateful for it and supported him for the most part but still acting out

12 How Congress saw Johnson Johnson and Congress disagreed on everything Congress was primarily ruled by moderate and radical Republicans who obviously opposed Johnson's Democratic views Determined to take down Johnson, Congress overruled all his vetoes which disallowed Johnson to have a say in anything

13 End of Presidential Reconstruction Republicans only gain more power in Congress rendering Johnson ineffective Reconstruction Acts are passed by Congress marking the end of this era leaving Johnson humiliated by Republicans

14 Sources

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