Presentation on theme: "They are different pieces that come together to create the story."— Presentation transcript:
1They are different pieces that come together to create the story. Literary ElementsThey are different pieces that come together to create the story.
2Story ElementsSettingCharactersPlotPoint of ViewThemeSymbolism
3Setting Time and place where the story occurs Details that describe: FurnitureSceneryClothingWeatherTime of dayTime of year
4The Functions of a Setting To create a mood or atmosphereTo show a reader a different way of lifeTo make action seem more realTo be the source of conflict or struggle
5Types of Characters Main Character Minor Character Dynamic Character Static CharacterProtagonist vs. Antagonist
6Main Character: this character is who the story is about, also called the Protagonist Minor Character: they are involved in the story, but are not in the story all the timeDynamic Character: this kind of character grows and changes throughout the story as a result of the conflict, also called a Round characterStatic Character: this kind of character does not change at all throughout the story, also called a Flat characterAntagonist: this kind of character is involved in the conflict with the protagonist and causes the problem for themDefinitions…
7Characterization Direct- writer makes clear statements about character The methods an author uses to develop the personality of a character.Two primary methods of characterization:Direct- writer makes clear statements about characterIndirect- writer shows what a character is like by what the character says and does and by what other characters say and do in response to the character.
8Direct Characterization Soda is handsomer than anyone else I know. Not like Darry—Soda’s movie-star handsome, the kind that people stop on the street to watch go by. He’s not tall like Darry, and he’s a little slimmer, but he has a finely drawn, sensitive face that somehow manages to be reckless and thoughtful at the same time. He’s got dark gold hair that combs back—long and silky and straight—and in the summer the sun bleaches it to a shining wheat-gold. His eyes are dark brown—lively, dancing, recklessly laughing eyes that can be gentle and sympathetic one moment and blazing with anger the next.From The Outsiders by S. E. Hinton
9Indirect Characterization The old man bowed to all of us in the room.Then he removed his hat and gloves, slowly and carefully. Chaplin once did that in a picture, in a bank--he was the janitor.From “Gentleman of Rio en Medio” by J. Sedillo
10PlotPlot is what happens and how it happens in a narrative. A narrative is any work that tells a story, such as a short story, a novel, a drama, or a narrative poem.
11Parts of a PlotExposition- introduces the story’s characters, setting, and situation in the storyRising Action- develops the conflicts or problems in a storyClimax- highest point of interest or suspense of storyFalling Action- shows what happens after the climaxResolution- gives the story’s final outcome
12Diagram of Plot Climax Falling Action Rising Action Exposition Resolution
13Special Techniques of Plot Suspense- excitement or tensionForeshadowing- hint or clue about what will happen in storyFlashback- interrupts the normal sequence of events to tell about something that happened in the pastSurprise Ending- conclusion that reader does not expect
14Conflict Conflict is a struggle between opposing forces Every plot must contain some kind of conflictStories can have more than one conflictConflicts can be external or internalExternal conflict- outside force may be person, group, animal, nature, or a nonhuman obstacleInternal conflict- takes place in a character’s mind
15ThemeA central message, concern, or insight into life expressed through a literary workCan be expressed by one or two sentence statement about human beings or about lifeMay be stated directly or implied
16What would be the theme of The Outsiders? There could be many themes present, but there are 2 main emerging themes that I noticed.1. Trying to close the gap that’s present between the rich and the poor.2. The title contains a theme in itself too. “Outsider” means someone who does not fit in. Many of the characters in the story feel that way as the story unfolds.
17Point of ViewThe vantage point from which the story is told. The person telling the story is the narrator.Three Main Types:1st Person: the narrator is also a character in the story3rd Person Limited: the narrator is not in the story and reveals the thoughts of only one character3rd Person Omniscient: as the story is told, many aspects are shown and the thoughts of many characters are shared, as if from a distanceFrom what point of view is The Outsiders told? How do we know?
18SymbolismSymbols are objects, characters, figures, and colors used to represent abstract ideas or concepts. An object can be used to represent something that otherwise would not be understood.Examples:Cars in The Outsiders represent the power and money that the Socs have and the Greasers do not.Greaser hair represents who the Greasers are. They cannot afford material objects, but their hair portrays their identity as a distinctive group.