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Power, Powerlessness and Addiction Jim Orford University of Birmingham Presented at the Annual Conference of the New Directions in the Study of Alcohol.

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Presentation on theme: "Power, Powerlessness and Addiction Jim Orford University of Birmingham Presented at the Annual Conference of the New Directions in the Study of Alcohol."— Presentation transcript:

1 Power, Powerlessness and Addiction Jim Orford University of Birmingham Presented at the Annual Conference of the New Directions in the Study of Alcohol Group, Birmingham, April 26 th 2013

2 Power, Powerlessness and Addiction Powerless have less resistance Family interests comprom- ised Power on the supply side Addiction reduces autonomy Expert power to help

3 The Principal Forms of Power Power over othersPower for others ForceRewardLegitimate PersuasionPunishmentExpert ManipulationPersonal

4 The Four Faces of Power (Lukes 2005) Overt power – control by powerful others Agenda power – control by keeping things off the agenda Ideological power – we accept things as they are Self-disciplinary or ‘under the skin’ power – we control ourselves

5 Caitlin Thomas NN d CAITLINDYLAN

6 Caitlin and Her Biographers NN d CAITLINDYLAN fFerris Tremlett sympathetic unsympathetic

7 From Caitlin’s Poem Self Portrait Is this me, This carping crock … Can this tame nag Be hagridden me?

8 Dylan, Caitlin and John Malcolm Brinnin NN d CAITLINDYLAN Brinnin

9 Dylan, Caitlin and John Malcolm Brinnin NN d CAITLINDYLAN Brinnin

10 Dylan, Caitlin and John Malcolm Brinnin NN d CAITLINDYLAN Brinnin Nashold & Tremlett hostile

11 Sara and Samuel Taylor Coleridge Molly Lefebure, The Bondage of Love SARA STC

12 Sara, STC and the Wordsworths SARA STC DOROTHY WILLIAM

13 … and Other Friends SARA STC DOROTHY WILLIAM POOLESOUTHEY Doctor GILLMAN

14 Some Useful Theories Social dominance theory (SDT) – hierarchy-enhancing myths System justification theory Post-colonial theory – the ‘mark of oppression’, the ‘scars of bondage’ Capability theory

15 Why are Subordinates Compliant rather than Continuously Rebellious? (Tilly 1991; Lukes 2005) Force and inertia hold them in place They lack the means for resistance and rebellion which are costly They get something in return for their compliance e.g. esteem, identity Because of mystification, repression or lack of alternative ideology, they remain unaware of their true interests The premise is incorrect: they rebel continuously but in covert ways

16 Affected Family Members: A Group with No Voice Difficult to identify Not associated with any one priority health problem Do not create a problem of public disorder Have no collective voice or identity Have no name Neglected Often blamed Feel ashamed

17 EXAMPLES OF COLLECTIVE ACTION BY AFFECTED FAMILY MEMBERS Mothers against drunk driving: a national campaign in the USA Voice of Southmead: a local community project in Bristol, England Grog War: Campaign for grog-free days in Tennant Creek, Northern Territory, Australia Family Support Network: Network of Family Support Groups, Ireland


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