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WORK, STRESS, and MINDFULNESS 1 2 ½ ⅓ ¼ ⅕ 1/∞ 3.

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Presentation on theme: "WORK, STRESS, and MINDFULNESS 1 2 ½ ⅓ ¼ ⅕ 1/∞ 3."— Presentation transcript:

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2 WORK, STRESS, and MINDFULNESS 1

3 2 ½ ⅓ ¼ ⅕

4 1/∞ 3

5 Outline 4 1.Evolutionary Neurobiology 2.How We Learn and How We Perceive 3.The Three Brains 4.Neocortical Processing and Hardwiring of Experience 5.Our Bodies Under Threat 6.The Zone of Optimal Functioning 7.Anterior Cingulate Cortex – The Conductor of the Orchestra 8.The Full Symphonic Orchestra: Mindfulness

6 Neuroplasticity 5

7 Evolution of the human brain 6

8 7

9 The Triune Brain 8 Neocortex = The Story Limbic (paleo) = The Feeling Tone Reptilian = Sensorimotor Reflexive/Instinctual Response

10 Input and Outflow 9 processing motorprocessing sensory

11 How Experience Is Generated 10 reptilian limbic neocortex

12 WE ARE PATTERN SEEKERS 11

13 12 Autocorrect detects patterns and anticipates content to save time and effort, sometimes with disastrous results!

14 cna yuo raed tihs? 13

15 How Experience Is Generated 14 reptilian limbic neocortex

16 15 Optimism Curiosity Time Stamp Verbal Factual Pessimism Danger No Time Stamp Nonverbal Procedural

17 16

18 R AMYGDALA 17 “Smoke detector” of the brain Danger pattern detector Initiates defensive behaviors (fight, flight, freeze, collapse, dissociation)

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20 19 left right Amygdala

21 Right Frontal Cortex 20 Interoception The “how” of relating to self and others – attachment style The center for self soothing (secure attachment) or self judgment (insecure attachment) Not concerned with time – it’s always NOW

22 21 left right Amygdala Right Frontal Cortex

23 Left Frontal Cortex 22 Curiosity Optimism Learning new associations – “Things that fire together wire together” Able to distinguish between past and present

24 23 left right Amygdala Right Frontal Cortex Left Frontal Cortex

25 Right Parietal Cortex 24 Spatial orientation Boundary between “self” and “not self” Personal space, safety zone

26 25 left right Amygdala Right Frontal Cortex Left Frontal Cortex Right Parietal Cortex

27 26 left right Amygdala Right Frontal Cortex Left Frontal Cortex Right Parietal Cortex

28 Anterior Cingulate Cortex 27 Focused attention and concentration The only area of the brain that can down-regulate the amygdala Rich connection with both left and right frontal regions

29 28

30 When the R Amygdala Fires 29 Amygdala Right Frontal Cortex Left Frontal Cortex Right Parietal Cortex Anterior Cingulate Cortex

31 Sympathetic Activation 30 Freeze Highly alert, engaged, attentive, still but ready to move Fight/Flight No thinking or cognition Instinctual, reflexive

32 Parasympathetic Activation 31 Collapse Heart rate slowed, decreased muscle tone, decreased awareness, no thinking, no movement

33 Window of Tolerance 32 HYPERAROUSED HYPOAROUSED Increased sensation Emotional reactivity Hypervigilance Disorganized cognitive processing Relative absence of sensations Numbing of emotions Disabled cognitive processing Decreased movement and low muscle tone SYMPATHETIC PARASYMPATHETIC (vagus) WINDOW OF TOLERANCE OPTIMAL AROUSAL ZONE

34 What do you find stressful? 33

35 34

36 35 WORRY HARDER… I don’t think it’s working yet!

37 THE INTERNAL JUDGE 36

38 37 Constantly knocks us out of the zone of optimal arousal.

39 Window of Tolerance 38 HYPERAROUSED HYPOAROUSED Increased sensation Emotional reactivity Hypervigilance Disorganized cognitive processing Relative absence of sensations Numbing of emotions Disabled cognitive processing Decreased movement and low muscle tone SYMPATHETIC PARASYMPATHETIC (vagus) WINDOW OF TOLERANCE OPTIMAL AROUSAL ZONE

40 How Experience Is Generated 39 reptilian limbic neocortex

41 Anterior Cingulate Cortex 40 Focused attention and concentration The only area of the brain that can down-regulate the amygdala Rich connection with both left and right frontal regions

42 When the R Amygdala Fires 41 Amygdala Right Frontal Cortex Left Frontal Cortex Right Parietal Cortex Anterior Cingulate Cortex

43 42 Amygdala Right Frontal Cortex Left Frontal Cortex Right Parietal Cortex Anterior Cingulate Cortex

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