Philosophy "philosophy" can refer to "the most basic beliefs, concepts, and attitudes of an individual or group". The word "philosophy" comes from the Ancient Greek (philosophia), which literally means "love of wisdom Ancient Greek Ancient Greek Intentional Life is a philosophy of living that manages choices for a quality life.
Physiology The Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) is classically divided into two subsystems: the parasympathetic nervous system (PSNS) and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) which operate independently in some functions and interact co-operatively in others. parasympathetic nervous systemsympathetic nervous systemparasympathetic nervous systemsympathetic nervous system The sympathetic system is often considered the "fight or flight" system, while the parasympathetic system is often considered the "rest and digest" or "feed and breed" system. fight or flightfight or flight
Sympathetic Nervous System Sympathetic Nervous System *Increasing heart rate and blood pressure*Shunting blood away from the skin & viscera & into skeletal muscles *Dilating the bronchi to improve oxygenation *Dilating the pupils (perhaps to enhance visual acuity) *Mobilizing stored energy, thereby providing glucose for the brain and fatty acids for muscles Sympathetic nerves to sweat glands promote secretion of sweat, thereby helping the body cool. *By inducing piloerection (erection of hair), sympathetic nerves can promote heat conservation.
Sympathetic Nervous System Sympathetic Nervous System Symptoms of SNS Disorders Blood pressure problems like high blood pressure Erectile dysfunction in men Heart diseases Trouble with breathing and swallowing Headache Memory loss Tremors, seizures Loss of muscle strength Slurred speech
Parasympathetic Nervous System Parasympathetic Nervous System The functions of the parasympathetic nervous system include slowing down your heartbeat, lowering your blood pressure, and increasing blood flow to your skin. Its main purpose in doing all this is to reverse the effects caused to the body by the sympathetic nervous system. The parasympathetic nervous system antagonize the SNS and returns the body back to its relaxed state.
Interoception “The system of interoception as a whole constitutes ‘the material me’ and relates to how we perceive feelings from our bodies that determine our mood, sense of well ‐ being and emotions.” Clare J. Fowler (Book review: VISCERAL SENSORY NEUROSCIENCE: INTEROCEPTION Clare J. Fowler Clare J. Fowler Monitors internal homeostasis regulating the Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Nervous System
Interoception Experience First row stand Phobias (Public Speaking) Socializing (Parties-What do you worry about) Interoception and Interpretation (feeling then attribution) Mutual Admiration (What’s that usually called and how does it dictate behavior?)
Anterior Insula In humans, a meta-representation of the primary interoceptive activity is engendered in the right anterior insula, which seems to provide the basis for the subjective image of the material self as a feeling (sentient) entity, that is, emotional awareness.
Human Development Infants Children Adolescents—Its lethal More adolescents die every year (23,662) due to accidents, suicide and homicide (Center for Disease Control) then all the deaths in Iraq and Afghanistan for the entire wars (ten or more years).
Comparison of deaths of Adolescents and Combatants in Mideast
Prefrontal Cortex to differentiate among conflicting thoughts determine good and bad, better and best, same and different, future consequences of current activities, working toward a defined goal, prediction of outcomes, expectation based on actions, social "control" (the ability to suppress urges that, if not suppressed, could lead to socially unacceptable outcomes).
Attention Attention is the synchronization of neural firings generally initiated by the Prefrontal Cortex to neural networks in specialized parts of the brain. Assumptions: Neural networks are connected Neurotransmitters are adequately accessible “Neurons that fire together, wire together.” (Hebb)
Attention and Mindfulness Brain Wave is Alpha (physical and mental relaxation, although aware of what is happening around us) Brain Activation is Prefrontal Cortex, Anterior Cingulate, Insula, Hypothalamus etc. Neurotransmitters are Dopamine and Serotonin. Autonomic Nervous System is Parasympathetic. (Calm, Peaceful) Interoception is pleasurable.