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School of Planning, Architecture & Civil Engineering, Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the Living Environment Clíona Rooney 2 nd Year PhD.

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Presentation on theme: "School of Planning, Architecture & Civil Engineering, Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the Living Environment Clíona Rooney 2 nd Year PhD."— Presentation transcript:

1 School of Planning, Architecture & Civil Engineering, Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the Living Environment Clíona Rooney 2 nd Year PhD Candidate Prague 30 th May 2012 Clíona Rooney, Verity Faith, Dr. K. Hadjri & Dr C.Craig

2 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Contents  Background  Aims  Methodology  Context  Existing Literature  Initial Findings  Concluding Discussion

3 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment ……..What are the Lifetime Home Standards? Background Research Problem: Is there scope to Improve the Lifetime Home Standards?

4 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Access Inside the Home Fixtures and Fittings Set of 16 Criteria Background

5 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Background Car Parking Spaces Access from car park Entrances Stairs and Lifts Access

6 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Inside the Home Background Door widths Turning circles Entrance level bed

7 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Fixtures and Fittings Background Window Specifications Switches and Sockets

8 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Aims Aim: Understand the challenges behind implementing the standards by understanding the attitudes and expectations of the stakeholders involved. Secondary aim: To investigate if there is scope to make changes to the standards. Overall aim: Provide an insight into how the standards can be improved

9 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Methodology  Literature Review  Semi-structured Interviews with housing association representatives

10 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Context Facts -13,834 km² -1,799,392 population It is mandatory in NI to build all public housing to the LTHS

11 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment  Long term costs are reduced  Future adaptations are easier  Occupants can remain at home for longer Existing Literature Is there scope to improve the Lifetime Home Standards? Positive findings

12 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Is there scope to improve the Lifetime Home Standards?  Do not meet the needs of everyone  Focus solely on mobility challenges  Minimum standards Existing Literature Negative findings

13 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Is there scope to improve the Lifetime Home Standards?  They conflict with space standards  Hinder creativity  It will take decades for their impact to be felt Existing Literature Negative findings

14 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Examples of Lifetime Homes Existing Literature

15 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Interviews  Interviews were analysed using thematic analysis  NVivo  7 themes for discussion

16 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Initial Findings  Benefits of LTHS  Reaction of the Housing Associations towards the standards  Attitudes of society and the occupants towards the standards Seven Themes

17 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Initial Findings  Attitudes towards visual impairments  Attitudes towards user Involvement  Attitudes towards supplementary guidelines  Ways in which the standards could be improved Seven Themes

18 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Initial Findings  Improved access for wheelchair users  Enable future adaptations  Appreciation of extra space and w.c. from all home users  Cost Benefits Benefits of LTHS

19 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Initial Findings  Mandatory  Satisfied with the standards  Do not include existing homes  Restrictive  They ignore individuality Reaction of housing associations towards LTHS

20 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Initial Findings  Satisfaction with new home  Unaware of the standards  Unaffected by the standards  No Post Occupancy Evaluations (POEs) Attitudes of the occupants towards LTHS

21 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Initial Findings  Surveys  Collaboration with the end user  Over involvement of the user Attitudes towards user involvement

22 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Initial Findings  Add-on features  Not structural  Consultation with Occupational Therapist (OT) Attitudes towards Impairments

23 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Initial Findings Supplementary guidelines

24 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Initial Findings  More space  Fine tuning  Further reduce the need for adaptations Ways in which the standards could be improved

25 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Concluding Discussion  Do standards hinder creativity?  How can we improve the designers’ awareness of guidelines?

26 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Thank You Clíona Rooney 2 nd Year PhD Candidate IFA Conference Prague 30 th May 2012

27 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Selected References Literature Review Barlow, J. & Venables, T. (2004). ‘Will Technological Innovation Create the True Lifetime Home’? Housing Studies, 19 (5), Brewerton, J. & Darton, D. (1997). Designing Lifetime Homes. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Carrol, C. Cowans, J. & Darton, D. (1999). Meeting Part M and designing Lifetime Homes. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Department for Communities and Local Government, Department of Health and Department for Work and Pensions. (2008). Lifetime Homes, Lifetime Neighbourhoods A National Strategy for Housing in an Ageing Society. Yorkshire: Communities and Local Government Publications. Dewsbury, G.A. & Edge, H.M. (2000, June). Designing the Home to Meet the Needs of Tomorrow… Today: Deconstructing and rebuilding the home for life. In: ENHR conference June, ENHR: Gavle Sweden. Donnelly, M. (2009, July). Lifetime Adaptable Homes Seminar. (Paper Presented at the Centre for Excellence in Universal Design, Seminar: Lifetime Homes in Policy and Practice, Dublin). Retrieved July 26, 2006, from uot uot

28 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Selected References Literature Review Evans, S. (2009). ‘A response to Baroness Andrews, ‘Lifetime homes, lifetimes neighbourhoods – developing a housing strategy for our ageing population’. Policy and Politics, 36, pp Goodridge, C. (2006). Accessible London: achieving an inclusive environment Lifetime Homes (PDF), London: Greater London Authority. Retrived October 19, 2010, from Hanson, J. (2001). From Sheltered Housing to Lifetime Homes: an inclusive approach to housing. In: Winters, S, ed Lifetime Housing in Europe. Leuven: Katholieke Unversiteit Leuven. pp Harding, E. (2007). Towards Lifetime Neighbourhoods: Designing sustainable communities for all a discussion paper. Yorkshire: Community and local Government Publications. Holland, C. & Peace, S. (2001). Inclusive housing. In S.Peace, & C. Holland eds Inclusive Housing in an ageing society, Innovative approaches. Bristol: The Policy Press. pp Imrie, R. (2006). ‘Independent lives and the relevance of Lifetime homes’. Disability & Society, 4, pp

29 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Selected References Images BBL architects llP. (2012). Wallbank Court Birmingham. Retrieved May 13 th, 2012, from Brewerton, J. & Darton, D. (1997). Designing Lifetime Homes. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation. P. 11 Brewerton, J. & Darton, D. (1997). Designing Lifetime Homes. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation. P. 15 Granmore. (2012). Switches & Sockets. Retrieved May 13 th, 2012, from IFA.(2012). IFA Global Conference on Ageing 28 th May- 1 st June 2012 Prague. Retrieved May 13th, 2012, from

30 Assessing Lifetime Home Standards: Housing and the living environment Selected References Images Quest. (2012). Quest quality electrical supplies and technology limited socket. Retrieved May 13 th, 2012, from The National Achieves.(2012). Lifetime Homes Diagram. Retrieved May 13 th, 2012, from housing/jpg/LifetimeHomesDiagram.jpg MSMR (2012). Msmr Alice Street London SE1. Retrieved May 13 th, 2012, from The Mail. (2009). Architects challenged to Design Lifetime Homes, Lifetime Neighbourhoods. Retrieved May 13 th, 2012, from


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