Presentation on theme: "PLANNING AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT TO AVOID CONTROVERSY The New Alaskan Effort to Develop a Shellfish Farming Industry Ray RaLonde Marine Advisory Program."— Presentation transcript:
PLANNING AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT TO AVOID CONTROVERSY The New Alaskan Effort to Develop a Shellfish Farming Industry Ray RaLonde Marine Advisory Program University of Alaska Fairbanks Sea Grant Program School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences
CONSTRAINTS TO SHELLFISH FARMING IN ALASKA Negative regulatory climate High cost of doing business in rural Alaska Lack of infrastructure Slower shellfish growth (value needed) Lack of investment capital (perceived risk) Research and development hampered Poor site selection for farms Haphazard development Negative regulatory climate High cost of doing business in rural Alaska Lack of infrastructure Slower shellfish growth (value needed) Lack of investment capital (perceived risk) Research and development hampered Poor site selection for farms Haphazard development
WHERE ARE THE FARMS? SOUTHEASTERN ALASKA 15 FARMS PRINCE WILLIAM SOUND KODIAK ISLAND BARANOF ISLAND PRINCE OF WALES ISLAND Kachemak Bay Seward SOUTHCENTRAL ALASKA 41 FARMS ALASKA
DEVELOPING COMMUNITY PARTNERS n n Doing the homework – –What are the local circumstances? n n Visitations to talk – –Always have an invitation n n The presentation – –Just the facts n n The community response n n Making the decision – –Act or not?
THE HOMEWORK THE HOMEWORK People Impact UAA Institute of Social and Economic Research
ECONOMIC CIRCUMSTANCES Alaska -2% (total change) Anchorage-1% Mat Su Borough +2% Rest of coastal AK -5% Kodiak Island -15% Ketchikan Borough -2% Per Capita Income
(as a percentage of gross annual revenue) Local Economy (Prince of Wales Island) 53% Region (Southeast, including POW) 74% State Treasury (lease fees, taxes, licensing) 3.5% Alaska 96.5% Source: Based upon 2001 expenditures of Tenass Pass Shellfish Company, an oyster and clam farm located on Prince of Wales Island WHERE ALASKA’S AQUATIC FARM DOLLARS GO?
$20,000 gross revenues per acre for Alaska oyster [ Based upon performance of 6-acre S.E. and 1-acre Kachemak Bay farms over a five-year period. ] At this rate, Alaska would require only 5,000 acres of coastline to create a $100 million industry! ECONOMIC IMPACT
Services (Fuel, groceries, supplies, welding, outboards, etc.) Shellfish Nurseries ($13,000 net profit/million seed) Processing (Provides year-round flow of product) Air Service (My farm backhauls 900-1,800 lbs/week) Revenue Sharing (Farms pay Fisheries Business Tax) Employment (My farm employs 4 on a year-round basis) ECONOMIC SPIN-OFFS OF SHELLFISH FARMS ECONOMIC SPIN-OFFS OF SHELLFISH FARMS
THE RESPONSE n n No way – Not here (Sitka) n n No response (Hydaburg) n n “We want aquaculture and we want it here!” (Thorne Bay)
AQUACULTURE ZONING A local initiative with outside help n Inventory the potential n Prevent environmental damage n Assess resource users n Eliminate surprises n Control cumulative impact n Ease permit application and review n Enable success of the farmer n Develop cooperative relationships n Allow for quick growth
PARTNERSHIPS ARE ESSENTIAL PARTNERSHIPS ARE ESSENTIAL –Florida model (Local leading) »State and federal agencies n DGC, ADF&G, DNR, DEC, USFS, COE »Local governments, citizens, businesses, communities »University of Alaska (UAF, UAS, UAA) »Aquaculture industry n ASGA, Qutekcak hatchery »Southeast Conference »Alaska Science and Technology Foundation WHO DOES THE PLAN?
THE WORD SPREAD n n State Legislature n n House Bill 208 n n Funding n n Community interest – –Ketchikan, Metalkatla, Wrangell n n Project expansion n n State Legislature n n House Bill 208 n n Funding n n Community interest – –Ketchikan, Metalkatla, Wrangell n n Project expansion
THE EXPANSION n n 105 sites nominated n n Over 10,000 acres n n Active site review sessions n n Nine month review n n Leases in January 2004 n n Government commitment n n Partnerships are solid and spreading
WRANGELL AREA SITE NOMINATIONS WRANGELL AREA SITE NOMINATIONS
Carrol InletKetchikanOysters and Scallop239.74 Cholmondeley SoundPrince of WalesOysters and Scallop311.27 South shore Kasaan BayPrince of WalesOysters and Scallop8006 Gravina Island S.W. ShoreKetchikanOysters and Scallop216.23 Johnson CovePrince of WalesOysters and Scallop3214 Niblack InletPrince of WalesOysters and Scallop173.93 Pond CoveDuke IslandOysters and Scallop535.54 South Duke IslandDuke IslandOysters and Scallop607.95 Giants HeadPrince of WalesOysters and Scallop1163 Traitors CoveKetchikanOysters and Scallop820.45 Kendrick Bay (West)Prince of WalesOysters and Scallop425.45 Kendrick Bay (East)Prince of WalesOysters and Scallop393.15 Gardner BayPrince of WalesOysters and Scallop125.62 Vixen BayKetchikanOysters and Scallop175.73 Helm BayKetchikanOysters and Scallop6894 Revillagigedo Canal (Coho Cove area)KetchikanGeoduck clam110 Revillagigedo Canal (Lucky Cove area)KetchikanGeoduck clam225 Revillagigedo Canal (Sykea Cove area)KetchikanGeoduck clam 935 Total18 Locations 7514.663 Ketchikan Area Aquatic Farm Nominations LocationDistrictSpeciesAcreageFarm Sites Lower Behm CanalKetchikanGeoduck clam294
CURRENT AND FUTURE INITIATIVES Funded ($525,000-1,000,000+) n 2002-04- Scallop culture field research (Sea Grant) n 2002-04- Cockle and geoduck slam culture research n 2001-05- Southeast Alaska Aquaculture program (CES, UAF/PRF, Sea Grant) program (CES, UAF/PRF, Sea Grant) n 2002-03 Shellfish marketing study USDA/CREES n 2003-04 University of Alaska aquaculture program n 2003-06 Annette Island Aquaculture Development
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