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Problems do not go away. They must be worked through or else they remain, forever a barrier… M. Scott Peck.

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Presentation on theme: "Problems do not go away. They must be worked through or else they remain, forever a barrier… M. Scott Peck."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Problems do not go away. They must be worked through or else they remain, forever a barrier… M. Scott Peck

3 “But I don’t want to go among mad people,” Alice remarked. “Oh, you can’t help that,” said the Cat. “We’re all mad here. I’m mad. You’re mad.” “How do you know I’m mad?” said Alice. “You must be,” said the Cat, “or you wouldn’t have come here.” Lewis Carrol, Alice in Wonderland

4 ADULT DIAGNOSES Depression Schizophrenia Bipolar Disorder (Manic Depressive Illness) Personality Disorders Substance Abuse

5 Depression DSM IV TR Criteria Course of illness Effect on caregiving Comorbidities

6 Schizophrenia DSM IV TR Criteria Course of illness Effects on caregiving Comorbidities

7 Bipolar Disorder DSM IV TR Criteria Course of illness Effect on caregiving Comorbidities

8 Personality Disorders DSM IV TR Criteria Course of illness Effect on caregiving Comorbidities

9 Substance Abuse: Drugs, Alcohol & Polysubstance DSM IV TR Criteria Abuse v. dependence Course of illness Effects on caregiving Comorbidities

10 Kids’ Diagnoses Depression Bipolar (controversial, especially before 13 years old) ADD Behavioral consequences in kids whose parent has an unstable mental illness

11 Working with parents with unstable mental illnesses Compliance v. noncompliance Drug addiction Assessment

12 Long-term prognosis Depression Good prognosis if compliant with medication and supportive therapy Schizophrenia Fair prognosis if compliant with medication, therapy and social supports Poor prognosis with marked deterioration if noncompliant Bipolar Disorder Good prognosis if compliant with medication Unfortunately, often prefer to be unmedicated

13 Long-term prognosis Personality Disorder Generally difficult to treat Problems arise because of co-occurring substance abuse &/or poor judgment, impulsivity and disrupted interpersonal relationships Substance Abuse Fair prognosis if complies with medication & supportive therapy. However, relapse is anticipated. Poor prognosis with marked deterioration if untreated.

14 Medications Antidepressants Antipsychotics Antimanics Anxiolytics Drugs that treat cravings

15 Antidepressants SSRIs Prozac, Zoloft Paxil Available as pills, liquids Actions: thought to block reuptake of serotonin Duration: varies. Takes 4-6 weeks for full effect.

16 Antidepressants NSRIsEffexor, Cymbalta Available in pill form Actions: thought to act by blocking reputake of serotonin & norepinephrine Duration: varies. Can take 1-4 weeks for full effect

17 Antipsychotics Haldol Available in pill, liquid and short-acting or long-acting shot (get every 4 weeks) Actions: blocks dopamine receptors. Treats short- term psychotic symptoms Duration: pill form lasts 6-10 hours; Long-acting shot lasts 28 days

18 Antipsychotics Risperdal Available in pill or long-acting shot form Actions: blocks serotonin, dopamine & histamine receptors For short-term treatment of psychotic symptoms or for irritability associated with manic behavior Duration: pill form lasts 6-7 hours Long-acting shot lasts 7 weeks but can take 3 weeks to start working

19 Antipsychotics Geodon Available in pill and short-acting shot form Actions: dopamine & serotonin antagonist Treats positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia with minimal EPS side effects Rapid control of agitation and psychotic symptoms Rapid short-term treatment of manic or mixed symptoms Pill form lasts 12 hours but IM best for acute symptoms

20 Antimanics Lithium Available as pill or liquid Action: alters chemical transmissions in neurons Duration: 1-3 weeks for full effect Use additional alternate medication for short term treatment of symptoms Maintain adequate fluid intake, scheduled blood tests

21 Antimanics Depakote/Depakene Antiepileptic/mood stabilizer Often used as an alternative to Lithium Available as pills, syrup sprinkles Actions: May inhibit nerve transmission in CNS and may increase brain level of GABA

22 Mood Stabilizers Lamictal Available in pill form Action: inhibits certain neurotransmitters Important info: can cause life-threatening complications if given with depakote

23 Mood Stabilizers Topamax Available as pill or sprinkles Action: unknown

24 Resources Directory of Health & Human Services in Metropolitan Chicago Haymarket House Hull House Thresholds


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