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Fatima, al-Zahra Dr. A.S. Hashim. Salutation Peace be upon Fatima and her father And her husband and her progeny And that which she was entrusted with.

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Presentation on theme: "Fatima, al-Zahra Dr. A.S. Hashim. Salutation Peace be upon Fatima and her father And her husband and her progeny And that which she was entrusted with."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fatima, al-Zahra Dr. A.S. Hashim

2 Salutation Peace be upon Fatima and her father And her husband and her progeny And that which she was entrusted with السلام على فاطمة وأبيها وبعلها وبنيها والسر ألمستودع فيها

3 Subjects Discussed in the Slide Show Fatima in the Internet Fatima Privileges Hadiths on behalf of Fatima Subjects Discussed Fatima in Poem Form The Quran and Fatima

4 Fatima is singled out by the Prophet The Heavenly Princess of the Female Gender As an honorific entitlement: Fatima is the mother of her father Called as: al-Zahra (The shining one), al-Batool (The pure), al-Sadiqah (The truthful) al-Mu’minah (The believer)

5 Fatima in the Internet More than 1,000 sites about Fatima By far most of Websites are Christian In different languages About different subjects, but invoking her name A good Shi’i reference is: 1.Fatima is Fatima, By Mutahhari 2.Fatima, by Al-Qazwini 3.Fatima, by Hashim Ma’ruf Al-Hassani A good Sunni reference is: 1.Fatima and Fatimiyoon, By Al-Aqqad

6 Fatima Websites: Samples Muslim and Christians Fatima Family Apostolate The Fatima Prophecies The Fatima Message Fatima Virtual The Apparitions at Fatima Fatima Network: Our Lady of Fatima Online Fatima, Portugal Apparitions of the Blessed Virgin Mary - Fatima Fatima is Fatima Fatima The Message of Fatima Fatima - Encyclopedia Britannica The Blue Army of Our Lady of Fatima World Apostolate of Fatima, U.S.A.

7 Chapters of Fatima is Fatima: by Mutahhari Title Introduction Who Am I? Who Is Responsible? What Did They Miss? What Should be Done? Which Mould Do They Fill? What Role Did Women Have In the Attack? The Social Customs of Hijaz Islam Revolutionizes the Position of Women The Confinement Freedom, Tragedy, Spiritual Strength A New History Begins Why Fatima? Her Final Struggle

8 5. Quran on her behalf 4. Prophet on her behalfPrivileges 2. Wife of Ali 3. Prophet’s Progeny 1. Daughter of Muhammad An Endowment of Highest Honor Fatima

9 The Quran on Behalf of Fatima 2. Surah Dhikr 3. Ayah of Mubaahala 1. Ayah of Tat’heer An Endowment of Highest Honor Fatima

10 The Quran on Behalf of Fatima “Verily, Allah has decreed to purify you, O' Ahlul Bayt, and sanctify you in a perfect way” إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا “....then reply [O' Muhammad]: Let us call upon our children and your children, our ladies and your ladies, ourselves and yourselves, then we pray so that Allah's wrath be upon those who are false.” َمَنْ حَآجَّكَ فِيهِ مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءكَ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ فَقُلْ تَعَالَوْاْ نَدْعُ أَبْنَاءنَا وَأَبْنَاءكُمْ وَنِسَاءنَا وَنِسَاءكُمْ وَأَنفُسَنَا وأَنفُسَكُمْ ثُمَّ نَبْتَهِلْ فَنَجْعَل لَّعْنَةُ اللّهِ عَلَى الْكَاذِبِينَ Verily the Righteous shall drink from a cup tempered with Kafoor; from a well ‑ spring the servants of Allah shall drink, flowing in abundance; they fulfill their vows, and fear the Day whose misfortune shall spread far and wide; And they give food to the poor, the orphans, and the captives, out of love for Allah,.. إِنَّ الاَبْرَارَ يَشْرَبُونَ مِن كَأْسٍ كَانَ مِزَاجُهَا كَافُورًا عَيْنًا يَشْرَبُ بِهَا عِبَادُ اللَّهِ يُفَجِّرُونَهَا تَفْجِيرًا يُوفُونَ بِالنَّذْرِ وَيَخَافُونَ يَوْمًا كَانَ شَرُّهُ مُسْتَطِيرًا وَيُطْعِمُونَ الطَّعَامَ عَلَى حُبِّهِ مِسْكِينًا وَيَتِيمًا وَأَسِيرًا

11 The Prophet on Behalf of Fatima Verily, Fatima is the heavenly princess of the female gender فاطمه سيدة نساء العالمين Whoever pleases Fatima will have pleased God and whoever causes her to be angry will have angered God إن الله ليغضب لغضب فاطمة ويرضى لرضاها Fatima is a part and parcel of me. Whoever pleases her will have pleased me and whoever angers her will have angered me. فاطمة بضعة مني من آذاها فقد آذاني ومن أحبها فقد أحبني Fatima is the mother of her father فاطمة أُم أبيها

12 Poetry about Fatima Acknowledgement: The following slides are taken from: The poetry has been: Edited and Modified

13 Al-Zahraa: Al-Zahraa: The Shining One Fatima She is one of the Prophet’s daughters with heart so tender acting so gentle. She bears a title so beautiful al-Zahraa "the Shining Star". She is indeed The Shining One her complexion with brilliance her face ever bright that so often radiates with light. It is said that when she stood for a prayer, the Mihrab reflected the shimmer it was the shimmer of her countenance

14 A Small Girl of Five Fatima: with new realities of life when she was just a girl of five... she heard that her Father whom she loved was now the Messenger of none but Almighty God. The Prophet conveyed the good news to his family, the close ones, And to her. Khadijah, her mother, tower of strength, explained what these all mean not only for mankind, but also for her. Fatima: She'd been among the blessed before she was a girl of five From this time on, she was attached ever more to her Father And the deep love, so enduring grew even stronger Danger she started to encounter Seen walking through Mecca’s narrow streets, to Ka’ba or to the secret gatherings of the Prophet’s devotees. Fatima She'd been among the blessed when she was a small girl of five.

15 Do Not Cry As she grew older Fatima witnessed, near or from yonder unending vengeful harassment against her Father It was times of trial, agony and to suffer. To these... she gave even greater support to her beloved Father. Looking after his needs providing him with solace and ease. It was such that the Prophet called her: the mother of her father - so she was called Most often the trials were too much to bear Once, an abusive mob heaped dirt upon the Prophet’s gracious head. When he came home, Fatima saw what happened and broke into tears as she tenderly wiped the dirt from her father's head. "Do not cry, my little daughter," the Prophet said, “For God Almighty shall your Father’s head, protect ".

16 A Special Woman To Fatima, the Prophet’s love so warm When she happened to come, he would welcome her, stand up, and kiss her, by the arm would take her and sit her in the place where he was sitting. And she would do the same when to her the Prophet was coming. Once returning from a journey the Prophet went to the mosque first to pray Then, as he often did, went to where Fatima's stay She welcomed him - warmth as it may she kissed his face, his eyes… and had herself cry. The Prophet asked her "why do you cry?". In sobs she answered slow "I see you, Messenger of God," "your color... is so pale and sallow your clothes so worn and hollow…." Fatima’s devotion to her Father comes deep from her heart. The Prophet once said: "Whoever pleased Fatima has indeed pleased God and whoever caused her to be angry has indeed angered God". "Fatima is a part of me. He said, Whatever pleases her pleases me and whatever angers her angers me." So special was the Prophet’s love for Fatima

17 She is Indeed Fatima with a strong resemblance to her Father Lived a life simple, not greedy she was kind to the needy Give what she possessed she gave to those needy: her attention, her precious belongings. and her scarce food, - even if she had to remain quite hungry. Her fine manners and gentle person were part of her lovely and endearing person. She spoke sincerely she spoke of wisdom her words stir people’s emotions and often moved them to tears. She is indeed a princess crowned by her wisdom, humility was her kingdom

18 A Kind of Marriage Finally time of marriage came to Fatima It was in Medina where Muslims had formed their first small society, a society of peace And it was Ali, man of knowledge, who finally plucked up courage and went to the Prophet to ask for Fatima’s hand in marriage. "Welcome into the family," the Prophet said lovingly. It was a kind of marriage. The bride was about nineteen, and the groom twenty four. The Prophet himself performed the ceremony and prayed for them: "O Lord, bless them both, bless their house and bless their offspring." Rejoice, Oh Rejoice, people of Medina! Fatima moved to Ali's simple dwelling - with only a simple bed. And there started their new life, ever so blessed.

19 Who is He? Ali is Fatima’s husband, Cousin of the Prophet A man with excellent attributes in faith, sacrifice, righteousness, and courage Ali was the first to embrace Islam A courageous Lion of Allah Under his flag guaranteed was the victory for Allah He spoke of truth and issued just decrees "I am the city of knowledge and Ali is the gate of this city" And through Ali we had the Prophet’s many beautiful deliveries... Ali the honest, the fair in his dealings He never indulged in worldly luxuries. He sat near the poor helpful to them, and he joked with them, and treated them with mercy. When he inspected the treasury as an Imam, he would say: "Oh, sparkling gold and silver betray others, but not me… He would then distribute the wealth among the needy To Fatima, the Prophet would say about Ali: "I have married you to the dearest of my family..."

20 Better Than You Ask Fatima's and Ali worked hard At times work made them suffer Fatima’s hands blistered from hard work Ali would be beside her to comfort her Once they had to go to the Prophet asking permission to have a captive of war to be their help But the Prophet rejected. "I will not give you…" The captives were the right of the Ummah, never indecisive on such a matter But as a Father, the Prophet was so touched He headed to their home, entered, and said: "stay where you are". He then gave them what they expected not: "I will tell you something better than that which you had asked" he said. "These are words which Jibril had taught them to me… recite them after every Salat and when you go to bed" Words of prayer to safeguard their life, they were Prayer precious in Day or Night

21 The Hungry "Fatima, this is the first loaf your Father had in days," one day to Fatima the Prophet said, and thanking her when she brought him the only food she possessed. Fatima is a person of giving and sacrificing Once the Prophet asked Salman his companion to take a newly embraced person to a home – to find for him food to sustain. Both finally went to Fatima’s house. How sad: Food to share she didn’t have She then gave an item to Salman to sell so as to buy corn to grind it herself, and cook it for her indigent guest She was for sometime without meal but not a single corn for herself she would ever conceal. The Prophet sometimes would come to her, to share his loaf and give consolation to her. It was said that she made Prayer whenever the starving come, made dhikr when it was tiresome

22 Bliss And Joy Fatima’s house was with a blissful cry Medina rejoice and gratify Fatima gave birth to a boy… The Prophet called him Hasan. Al-Hasan means the Fine One. One year after Al-Hasan Al-Husain was born The Prophet was, Exceedingly fond of them He would take them to the mosque play with them, let them climb on him and nourish them Nourish them with wisdom and words of beauty In the years that come she gave birth to a third, then a fourth one Zainab that later became Karbala heroine and Umm Kulthoom It was only through Fatima the progeny would continue Fatima was busy as a mother Fatima was busy nursing the wounded, preparing food in a long and difficult siege She never ceased her help, her help was handy, She maintained herself as the blissful mother the mother of the needy

23 Oh, That Very Day There was a day when the beloved one had to say goodbye… Oh that very day! When the Prophet came to feel that the signs of his final days had come He summoned Fatima kissed her by the head whispered words that turn her into a cry and another that made her cheerful to a smile Later Fatima explained: "First he told me he would meet The Lord in a short while - so with agony I cried. Then he asked me not to cry - because I am the first of the family to him I join. Therefore with happiness I smiled. So short was the time after… and the noble Prophet closed his earthly life ever after… Oh, that very day! Who wanted that day to come, so painful and gruesome? Oh, that very moment! The world melted in sorrow, lamenting incessantly through the morrow

24 Shining Forever Fatima she was deeply grieved Life without her Father passed with no relief Tears... day after another. Her merriment vanished, so did her frequent laughter Until that time… a few months from the death of her Father… after a rare morning in one of Ramadan evenings she asked for a special bath, put on new clothes and perfumed, fragrant. She then urged to put her bed in the courtyard and had her face looking above to the sky… She asked for her husband and only after he was in her side came her heavenly words: "I have an appointment today with the Messenger of God" smile was in her face. Nothing but a smile The courageous husband cried and cried. She told him to look after their beloved children after she had died and advised for a simple burial, no more no less with no ceremony, more or less!

25 With best wishes May Allah Bless you all A.S. Hashim, MD

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