Presentation on theme: "HW # 39- Watch “Microscope” video (link on the website) Warm up Why would we want to use a microscope to see."— Presentation transcript:
HW # 39- Watch “Microscope” video (link on the website) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X-w98KA8UqU Warm up Why would we want to use a microscope to see things? When would it be better to use a telescope or binoculars? Week 12, Day One
History of the Microscope A long time ago (around the 1 st century) someone picked up a piece of crystal which was thicker in the middle…looked through it and discovered it made things look LARGER.
History of the Microscope That piece of crystal was called a “ magnifying glass ” and then later was called a lens because it was shaped like a lentil seed. =
History of the Microscope Then, in the 13 th century (1200 ’ s) an Italian inventor made the first eye glasses, allowing the wearer to have magnification. His name was Salvino D ’ Armate. Eye glasses were also called spectacles.
History of the Microscope The earliest forms of magnification were magnifying glasses, usually between 6x to 10x, and were used for looking at tiny insects. These excited general wonder when used to view fleas or tiny creeping things and so were dubbed "flea glasses."
History of the Microscope In the 1590 ’ s two Dutch eye glass makers, Zacharias Jensen and his father Hans, started experimenting with lenses…
History of the Microscope The Jansens put several lenses in a tube and made a very important discovery…the object at the end of the tube appeared MUCH larger than when it was under a plain magnifying lens!
History of the Microscope In the late 1600 ’ s, Anton Van Leeuwenhoek became the first person to make and use a real microscope.
History of the Microscope Anton Van Leeuwenhoek achieved even greater success than his peers by making superior lenses. He learned how to grind and polish lenses. He arranged them in a lens tube and achieved a magnification of 270x – others were lucky to achieve 50x with their microscopes!
History of the Microscope Anton Van Leeuwenhoek was the first to see bacteria, yeast, and life found in a drop of pond water. He found extraordinary things using his microscope throughout his lifetime. Here i s a look at a virtual drop of pond water: Pond Water
History of the Microscope An English scientist named Robert Hooke further developed Anton Van Leewenhoek ’ s work and in 1665 Hooke discovered cells.
History of the Microscope Robert Hooke developed a primitive compound microscope
History of the Microscope Robert Hooke ’ s Micrographia was known for stunning illustrations he did himself of the microscopic world.
History of the Microscope: Illustrations from Micrographia
History of the Microscope: Robert Hooke ’ s Cork Cells
History of the Microscope Despite these great discoveries, microscopes did not change much over the next 200 years.
History of the Microscope In the 1850 ’ s a German engineer named Carl Zeiss began making adjustments to the microscopes he was manufacturing, making them even better.
History of the Microscope With the advancement of technology and improved optics, the compound light microscope came into being.
Other types of microscopes: Electron Microscopes Uses a beam of electrons to illuminate and magnify a specimen Very expensive Huge
Other types of microscopes: Electron Microscope Images
Other types of microscopes: Electron Microscope Images – Human Hair 800x