Presentation on theme: "How do people adapt to their environment?"— Presentation transcript:
1How do people adapt to their environment? Chapter 3How do people adapt to their environment?
2Stone Age Used stones to make tools and weapons Paleolithic means “old stone” or Old Stone Age2,500,000 B.C. – 8,000 B.C.
3Nomads Moved from place to place to survive and search for food No roads, farms, or villagesMoved in groups of 20-30Hunter – gatherers
4NomadsSearched for buffalo, bison, wild goats, reindeer, fish, nuts, berries, fruits, wild grains, green plants.Men hunted large animals far from camp – used clubs to kill or pushed animals off a cliff. Then learned to make tools or weapons. They also set traps.Women stayed at camp-usually near water- and watched after the kids and searched for nuts, berries, and grains.Men and women worked together equally.
5Technology Tools & methods to perform tasks Made devices from hard stone called “flint”Made spears, bows, arrows, and fishhooksUsed animal hides for clothing and shelter or stayed in caves
6TechnologyFIRE – used for warmth, light, to scare off wild animals, chase animals from bushes, and cookingUsed by rubbing two pieces of wood together to cause friction.
7Language & ArtPaleolithic people started expressing themselves through spoken word, like we use today, and art.There was still NO WRITTEN word. Paleolithic people expressed ideas through cave drawings (symbols, drawings, ect)
8Ice Ages Long periods of extreme cold Threatened the lives of humans They had to learn to use more fat in their dietMade sturdier shelters and warmer clothes during these extreme cold times
9Ice AgesAs the ice pieces grew larger, the sea levels lowered, exposing a strip of dry land that connected Asia to North America. This was known as a “land bridge”The land bridge was used by people and animals to travel and settle in different regionsThe ice age forced Paleolithic people to adapt to their environment by changing their thinking. It lasted years and ended between BC.
10Neolothic Age: The Agricultural Revolution The Neolithic Age began when some, not all people began staying in one place to grow grains and vegetables; domesticate or tame animals for human use (transporting goods, providing meat, milk, or woolNeolithic age lasted been BCNeolithic means “new stone”: stone tools were created and used during this time
11Agricultural Revolution Systematic farming (growing food on a regular basis) is known as Agricultural RevolutionBeing able to grow a constant food supply allowed people to settle communities because the population was growing at a faster rate.Some historians consider the Agricultural Revolution to be the most important event in human history
12Farming Timeline Who When Plants Animals SW Asia 8000 BC Wheat/Barley Pigs, goats, cows, sheepNile River6000 BCIndiaBCAfricaYams/bananasChinaMillet/riceDogs, PigsCentral AmericaBCSquash/potatoesChicken, Dogs
13Life in the Neolithic Age People settled in villages near plants and water (especially rivers)They built permanent homesJericho is one of the oldest Neolithic CommunitiesCatahuyuk – Story Time!
14Life in Neolithic Age As populations grew so did food supplies Increased food supplies allowed communities to trade certain foods for others.It also allowed for people to take on or specialize in different jobs other than farmingWeapon makingJewelry makingPottery to store grainsBasket/clothes making
15Life in the Neolithic Age Gender RolesMenWomen`Worked in fields`Farmed and herded animals`bore children`made clothes, `managed supplies,`performed other tasks
16Tools Created Rakes Sickles to cut grain Millstones to grind flour Some regions began working with copper
17Tools CreatedCRAFTSPEOPLE IN WESTERN ASIA DISCOVERED THAT MIXING COPPER AND TIN FORMED BRONZE. (3000 BC)- THIS MARKED THE BEGINNING OF THE BRONZE AGE!
18Emerging EmpiresBy the beginning of the Bronze Age, communities were widespread.4 great river valley civilizations were formed by the year 3000 BCMesopotamiaEgyptIndiaChinaAll great civilizations share similar characteristics
19Shared Characteristics Developed cities and formed governmentsFirst governments formed were known as monarchy’s (ruled by a King or Queen)Created armies
20ReligionEarly people believed that god’s were responsible for a communities survivalRulers claimed that their power came from approval of god’s
21Social StructureBased on the type of work a person did and the amount of power or wealth they had.HighestMiddleLowestRulers, priests, government officials, warriorsFarmers, artisans, craftspeopleEnslaved people who were captured in war
22Writing and ArtPeople used symbols instead of letters and words to keep accurate records and preserve storiesArtists created paintings and sculptures portraying gods and forces of natureMassive buildings were designed as places of worship or burial tombs for kings