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Prehistory to A-Group Ancient Nubias’s Prehistory 9000-2800 BC
Nubia’s first inhabitants was Homo erectus
The most important innovation in the paleolithic period is the creation of the hand axe Here they shape the stone It is not stone they just found
These people were nomadic but where they went they would make art in the local stone.
Many of these rock crops were used for thousands of years up until the Islamic and Christian period. This makes dating artwork more difficult.
The Nubian Stone Henge 1000 years before Stone Henge in Britain.
Narrow slabs of sandstone set into a circle aligned with the summer solace Animal sacrifice at the location shows the importance to these people
Show ancient stone age culture quite advanced in Nubia
A-Group The oldest group of civilization in Nubia. Would end at about the same time as the first dynasty of Egypt. Began to domesticate crops as well as keep animals.
Burials at this time were in fetal positions in burial pits. This style will also be use in early Egypt.
Bodies were buried on their right hand side fasting south or west Grave goods were pottery as well as jewlery Cosmetic pallets were found in both male and female graves.
This is a cosmetic pallet Grind eye paint
Later A- Group period Find more government Trade with Egypt
This later period finds interesting artifacts. This has the cartouche, later found in Egypt as well as the white crown depicted later in Egypt as well as the falcon and bull use in art of Egypt
The end of the A-Group came with increased hostilities of the Egyptians. Were they pushed further south by the Egyptians? Killed off? Were they incorporated into later groups?
Lower Nubia would eventually become part of Upper Egypt
Egyptian depiction. Falcon with person arms pinned back holding a bow. Four bodies under a hull of a boat Is this a depiction of Egyptian victory over the Nubians?
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