2Stanza I - IIFrom plane of light to plane, wings dipping through Geometries and orchids that the sunset builds, Out of the peak’s black angularity of shadow, riding The last tumultuous avalanche of Light above pines and the gutteral gorge, The hawk comes. His wing Scythes down another another day, his motion Is that of the honed steel-edge, we hear The crashless fail of stalks of Time. The head of each stalk is heavy with the gold of our error.
3Stanza I-IISyntaxUse of commas to convey the gliding and swooping of the hawkCreates graceful rhythm within the poem and the movements of the hawkCuts of suddenly in line 6 “His wing”
4Stanza I-II Imagery /tone “The last tumultuous avalanche of Light above pines and the putteral gorge, The Hawk comes”Image of darkness and night approachingThe last light on earth before death – climax of the person’s lifeUrgency
5Stanza I- II Personification/ metaphor The wing of the hawk = scythes bringing night?Grimm ReaperBringing death?“The crashless fall of stalks of Time”Wing= scythe“stalks of Time” = lifeThe unforeseen dives and slicing motion of wings represent the unforeseen nature of death.Hawk is a symbol of the inescapability of time.
6Stanza I-II Tone “Tumultuous avalanche” “The head of each stalk is heavy with the gold of our error.”Urgent and heavyRelates to the theme of death and passing of timeHawk not restrained by material possessions
7Stanza IIILook! Look! he is climbing the last light Who knows neither Time nor error, and under Whose eye, unforgiving, the world, unforgiven, swings Into shadow
8Stanza II Imagery/ diction Symbol “light” used repetitively throughout Focus not on death, but last light on earth“Shadow, unforgiving”Power and last bit of light, not darknessSymbolHawk as bringing the darkness of death“unforgiving”“Who knows neither Time nor error”
9Stanza IVLong now, The last thrush is still, the last bat Now cruises in his sharp Hieroglyphics. His wisdom Is ancient, too, and immense. The star Is steady, like Plato, over the mountain.
10Stanza IV Juxtaposition of images “The last thrush is still , the last bat”Song bird verses nocturnal birdThe hawk descends into where the bats reignThe sunset the unforgiving hawk brings the dying day to its end
11Stanza IV Simile “The star/ Is steady, like Plato, over the mountain” Setting sun replaced by single bright starBrings hope to those whom have departed from the light of day
12Stanza IV Allusion Group of people chained in cave, facing the wall Plato’s Allegory of the Cave“our nature in its education and want of education”Group of people chained in cave, facing the wallWatch shadows projected on wall as things pass by a fire behind themIt is all they know of realityTheme of passing of time and humans not aware of itThe philosopher is able to go beyond the cave and discover true reality
13Stanza IVMetaphor“The last bat” lives in darkenss – holds truth of night“The coming Hawk” lives in daylight and dim of evening – holds power of dayDeath consuming life
14Stanza VIf there were no wind we might, we think, hear The earth grind on its axis, or history Drip in darkness like a leaking pipe in the cellar.
15Stanza V Failure of humans to realize we are losing time “our error” The scythe of the hawk cuts down human errors of man and lets them fall away without mercyTheme of death and passing of time