2 MAINTENANCE AND CARE OF HOME CLEANING EQUIPMENT AND TOOLSEquipment and materials for house hold maintenance are used for removing dust and dirt from various articles and surface in home.In order to clean a house, you need cleaning equipment like carpet sweeper, vacuum cleaner and floor polisher. Likewise cleaning tools like brooms, brushes, dusters, mops dust pan etc, would be useful.
3 CLEANING AGENTS AND MATERIALS. Classes of cleaning agentsSolvents: e.g. water, grease solvents, like paraffin, turpentine, methylated spirits etc. are used to remove dirt by liquefying it and holding it in suspensionDetergents: synthetic detergent and soap for removal of grease and dirt.Abrasive cleaners: e.g. vim, sand paper, brasso for scouring bath, tubs, pots, pans etc.
4 Alkaline cleaner’s e.g. borax, it reduces the amount of rubbing needed for cleaning. Waxes e.g. cream wax, liquid wax etc. for cleaning wooden surfacesAcidic cleaners e.g. vinegar, lemon or lime juice can remove tarnish from copperPolishes are applied to surfaces such as wood to improve appearance
5 HOMEMADE CLEANING AGENTS Fine sand: this can be used for cleaning potsEdo powder: this is yellow in colour. It can be used for cleaning ornaments, such as copper, gold and brass.Grounded charcoal: this can be used for cleaning smooth metal surfaces
6 Paw-paw leaves: fresh paw-paw leaves is used for cleaning dirty galvanized pail and blackened aluminum pans and potsLocal sand- paper leaves[ Asisa, Ipin leaves]. They can be used as abrasives for cleaning plain wood surface, blackened pot etc.Home- made “VIM” or scouring powder: it is used for cleaning blackened pots
7 HOMEMADE VIM Material needed Egg shell Broken china ware[ if available]Detergent powder
8 PROCEDURES Dry the egg shells Grind the shells and pieces of china ware into very fine powderSift the mixture to ensure a smooth powderMix the powder thoroughly with the detergent powderStore in a dry container with a good lid
9 Whitening: it is made by mixing fine sand with synthetic detergent or soap powder. It is useful for scouring pots and pans
10 PROJECTPrepare a homemade “vim” or scouring powder and pour it in well fitting lid.