Presentation on theme: "Whitney Gunn David Coleman John Rice. Platypus Facts Common Name: Platypus Scientific Name: Ornithorhynchus anatinus They live for about 10 to 15 years."— Presentation transcript:
Whitney Gunn David Coleman John Rice
Platypus Facts Common Name: Platypus Scientific Name: Ornithorhynchus anatinus They live for about 10 to 15 years Natural habitat is East Australia and New Guinea Carnivorous diet Call sound
History Estimate of the Monotremes- Theria divergence, time range between 160 and 120 Myr ago. The red line shows these are small mammals that developed hair, lactation, and homoeothermic.
Characteristics Has spurs on its hind feet Platypus is one of the few venomous mammals. The male platypus can delivers a poison through a spur on its hind foot. Adults do not have teeth Baby platypus are born with teeth this may be due to a “throwback” from its ancestors. Once they lose them they do not grow new teeth back. Adults do not need teeth because they use horny pads to grind their food.
Characteristics The have no true stomachs Female platypus lay eggs She lays 1-3 eggs, which she incubates between her abdomen and tail. Lactation The female platypus do not have nipples, so it’s young ones suck milk from patches on the abdomen
Evolution of Platypus
Evolution Protamine P1 protein sequence
Evolution Distance matrix DNA P Phylogenetic tree showing the relationships between monotremes, marsupials, and mammals EchMouOpoPlaRoo Ech Mou 0.7162 Opo 0.80400.7789 Pla 0.10300.74480.8037 Roo 0.97691.13241.28050.9405
Venomous Trait The venom is made up of at least 19 different substances
Lactation and Eggs It has been proposed that early lactation evolved as a water source to protect porous parchment-shelled eggs from desiccation during incubation or as a protection against microbial infection. Parchment-shelled egg-laying monotremes also exhibit a more ancestral glandular mammary patch or areola without a nipple that may still possess roles in egg protection
Similarities Both are only found in Australia and New Guinea Monotreme means "one- holed," referring to the cloaca, a single hole that serves the urinary tract, anus, and reproductive tract in monotremes. Both lay eggs
Differences Echidna Has a point snout Pointy spines on coat Platypus Has duck like bill Short dark brown fur
Further Studies Recently scientist have been taking the platypus genome and comparing it to humans. A study on why they secret milk through their abdominal muscles instead of through nipples would be helpful to further understand its evolutionary process.