5CanineThe Roman’s called their dogs canines. Why is this a good name for this tooth ?
6PremolarPre-Molar means in front of the molars. Its job is to crush things. Especially nuts. Just like this nutcracker.
7MolarMolar is the Latin name for this grinding bowl. This is what the molar does. It grinds our food before we swallow it.
8Human teethThat’s the human mouth. Let us see how animal’s teeth can differ from ours.
9CarnivoreCarnivores have special chewing teeth called carnassial teeth. They act like knives, and are used for slicing meat.
10CarnivoresCan you think of any animals which are carnivores ?
11The dogAlsatians are famous for their big teeth. Which makes them very useful as police and guard dogs.
12Big catsThe leopard uses it’s long canines to hang onto it’s prey when hunting.
13The catEven your family cat has sharp teeth like his wild relatives. Though he preys on smaller game.
14The sharkShark’s teeth are unlike any other carnivore. They are not really teeth at all. The shark has special teeth evolved from skin scales. They are shed continually throughout its life and are very sharp.
15HerbivoreHerbivores specialise in eating plants. They have a gap between their cutting teeth and the chewing teeth. This is called the diastema. Food rests here before being pushed back onto the chewing teeth.
16HerbivoreCan you think of any animals which are herbivores ?
17The horseHorses eat grass and have large blade like incisors to crop the grass before chewing.
18The sheepSheep also eat grass. You can see the gap between the incisors and the chewing teeth on the sheep’s skull.
19The elephantElephants have very long modified canines called tusks. These are used for defence. Their other teeth are specialized for eating grass just like other herbivores. Though these are also very large due to the animals size and the huge amount of food it eats.
20The giraffeGiraffes have no front teeth at all. They use their lips to pull down leaves and shoots. Then they push the food back onto the molars with their tongues.
21The rabbitThe rabbit has two large incisors that are used for gnawing. It is a specialized type of herbivore.
22OmnivoreOmnivores eat both animals and plants. Their teeth are not specialized, and their diets can include a wide range of different foods.
23OmnivoresCan you think of any more animals which are omnivores ?
24The bearBears will eat absolutely anything. Nuts, berries, roots, and small animals. Their favourite food is salmon caught right out of the river.
25The chickenWhile chickens eat primarily grain and seeds, they will also eat insects and earthworms if they can. So free range chickens have a more varied diet.
26HumansHumans can eat a very wide variety of foods. Meat, fish, fruit, vegetables, nuts, seeds, milk, cheese, bread, eggs, etc.
27QuestionsWhat kinds of animals have carnassial teeth ? How are horses teeth adapted for their diet of grass ? Name three omnivores ? Why does a squirrel have long teeth ?
28With thanks toGraeme Jones, Liverpool Dental Health Promotion