Presentation on theme: "Anand Krishnan Plappally"— Presentation transcript:
1 Anand Krishnan Plappally Micro Hydel TurbineProf. P. M. V. SubbaraoProf.Sanjeev JainProf.Santosh SatyaAnand Krishnan PlappallyIIT, DELHI
2 Mangal Turbine on River Sajnam, Bhailoni Lod Village Lalitpur Dist. Dr S K Saha ,IAS Reviewing the Mangal water Wheel
3 Objective: VVisits to the different Sites in Gharwal area and eEstimation of hydro potential of these sites.MMeasurement of geometry and performance of the existing water wheels.DDevelopment of improved design of water wheel toincrease the efficiency of the wheel.decrease the cost of the wheel, andincrease the reliability of the system.DDevelopment of various utility devices using Hydel Power other than the Electric power.IImprovisation of Mangal Turbine
4 HHISTORYThe first reference to its use dates back to about 4000 B.C., where, in a poem by an early Greek writer, Antipater, it tells about the freedom from the toil of young women who operated small handmills to grind corn.AAs early as the first century, waterwheels of the vertical design were replacing the horizontal waterwheel.An early horizontal-wheeled watermill used for grinding grain in Greece was the called Norse Mill. In Syria, the watermills were called "noriahs". They were used for running mills to process cotton into cloth.OThe three distinct types of water mills,The simplest and probably the earliest was a vertical wheel with paddles on which the force of the stream acted.Next was the horizontal wheel used for driving a millstone through a vertical shaft attached directly to the wheel .Third was the geared mill driven by a vertical waterwheel with a horizontal shaft.
6 Applications: Grinding Grains Rural Electrification Irrigation De HuskingCotton combingRice HullerOther Agriculture related machines
7 Contact Agencies in India HESCO is a NGO working on these perennial hydraulic resources in the TEHRI GARHWAL (UTTARANCHAL) for providing electrical and mechanical power to rural public.SIDH is a NGO in Mussorie.CIMMYT (INDIA) , DELHIThere are other organizations.
8 Past Experience and Current Work Design, Fabrication and Erection of 5 kW Horizontal Axis Hydro-Turbo Pump on a small river near Jhansi.Designing , Fabricating and Testing of 3.5 kW Horizontal Axis Hydro-Turbo Pump cum Generator on a Drainage Canal at Sonipat.Design, Fabrication of 3.5 kW Vertical Axis Hydro-Turbo Atta Chakki cum Alternator at Lacchiwala, near Dehradun.Generation of Data Base of various Micro Hydel Resources in Uttaranchal sites.Design of Micro Hydel stations. - Three sites.
9 Specify flow rate and head StartSpecify flow rate and headCalculate flow powerPower requirement?Flow or head enough for required power productionYesNoRequire water storage and P E utilization?Power can be producedStart Turbine Design`Select turbine speed as per power consuming deviceNo. of vanes to be kept oddMaterial for manufacture according to availability: (best M, S material)Design for assembly of the system; turbine, power transmission devices, pump or alternator as requiredInstall & stop
10 Comparative chart of Old and Improved Mangal Turbine Comparative chart of Old and Improved Mangal TurbineSpecificationsFarmers Version Mangal turbineNew Design I Mangal TurbineWeight of turbine1500 kg350 kgOuter diameter of wheel4.0 m1.26mWheel speed13 RPM70 RPMNo. Of blades2414Head1.5mWater consumption1800 lit/sec500 lit/secFlow turning angle70o for Big blade49o for Small blade110o(One type blade only)Blade widthBig blade = 670 mmSmall blade = 435 mm380mmBlade depthBig blade = 235mmSmall blade = 100 mm100mmGear box3 stagesGear Ratio 1:1252 stagesGear Ratio 1: 21.54MaterialM.S.Specific Speed75 RPM3771RPMPump discharge22 lit/sec19.5 lit/secOutput power6 KWEfficiency22.7%72%Cost of wheelCost of gear box80,000120,0007,00014,000
11 Schematic View of Micro Hydel Turbine having horizontal runner
12 Mangal Turbine (Old design) Improved Design(version-1) of Mangal Turbine by IIT Delhi on River Sajnam,Lalitpur Dist.Bhailoni Lod VillageMangal Turbine (Old design)New Turbine Design
13 Improved Mangal turbine Improved Mangal Turbine SpecificationsImproved Mangal turbineVersion 2Improved Mangal TurbineVersion 1Weight of turbine450 kg350 kgOuter diameter of wheel1.5 m1.26mWheel speed50 RPM70 RPMNo. Of blades1514Head1m1.5mWater consumption500 lit/secFlow turning angle1290110o(One type blade only)Blade width520mm380mmBlade depth145 mm100mmGear box2 stagesGear Ratio 1:30Gear Ratio 1: 21.54MaterialM.S.Design PrinciplePoncelot inlet / Girard outletPelton/impulse wheelPoncelet inlet/Girard outletEfficiency82%68%Cost of wheelCost of gear boxRs10,000Rs25,000Rs7,000Rs14,000