Presentation on theme: "4/13/2017 Worm Farm Facts Vermiculture is the raising of earthworms under a controlled environment Vermicomposting is the process of recycling material."— Presentation transcript:
14/13/2017Worm Farm FactsVermiculture is the raising of earthworms under a controlled environmentVermicomposting is the process of recycling material into something very useful, by using worms.“What a good feeling to find out that there’s a way to change what we think of as totally useless into something VERY useful and it has been under our feet since the beginning of time.”
2Worms are part of the animal kingdom… 4/13/2017Worm FactsWorms are part of the animal kingdom…These are called Eisenia Fetida but you may know them as: Red Worm Tiger Worm Red Wiggler
3Worm Facts Worms have rings called segments. 4/13/2017Worm FactsWorms have rings called segments.When worms are fully grown, they have between segments.
4Worms use muscles and tiny hairs called “setae” to move. 4/13/2017Worm FactsWorms use muscles and tiny hairs called “setae” to move.Setae act like the brakes on a car, helping the worm to slow down or stop. Some muscles go in circles around the body and other muscles run the length of the body. The movement of circular muscles squeezes the front end forward. Other long muscles squeeze together and help move the rear end of the body towards the front end. This creates forwards and backwards movement.
5Worm Facts Worms have NO teeth… 4/13/2017Worm FactsWorms have NO teeth…They cannot really chew their food like you do.They have a gizzard inside, close to their mouth, similar to birds such as a chicken.As food is eaten, some grains of sand and soil enter the worm’s gizzard. These grains of sand and soil then push against each other, mix with moisture, and grind the food into tiny pieces (kind of like their very own personal food processors).
6Worms do not have lungs but breathe through their skin… 4/13/2017Worm FactsWorms do not have lungs but breathe through their skin…Oxygen is taken in through the skin and it goes right into the bloodstream.Skin must stay wet in order for the oxygen to pass through it.Too much water will drown them.Keep worms damp, moist and slimy.
7Worms have very unique physical features… 4/13/2017Worm FactsWorms have very unique physical features…Like 5 Hearts!Also, worms are VERY sensitive to light…They have cells in the front of theirbody that warns them of light.Because light hurts them,they need to be in a dark place.
8Green Waste: Worm Farm Facts What will Worms Eat? Grass clippings 4/13/2017Worm Farm FactsWhat will Worms Eat?Green Waste:Grass clippingsProduce waste from grocery storesPumas from all fruit cropsCoffee grounds-but not too much!Most Left over food from your school lunch
9Brown Waste: Worm Farm Facts What will Worms Eat? Wood Sawdust Paper 4/13/2017Worm Farm FactsWhat will Worms Eat?Brown Waste:WoodSawdustPaperLeavesCorn cobs /shucksCrushed Egg Shells & A little bit of Sand
10NO! Worm Farm Facts What Not to Feed Worms ! 4/13/2017Worm Farm FactsWhat Not to Feed Worms !Even though worms will eat almost anything there are some things that are best to avoid:No! MeatNo! Oil – like salad dressingsNo! Any kind of fat –meat or vegetableNO!
11Worm Farm Facts What Does A Worm Produce With All That Eating? 4/13/2017Worm Farm FactsWhat Does A Worm Produce With All That Eating?A very beneficial substance known as WORM CASTINGS! (AKA… worm dirt… worm manure… or worm “poop”…)Are Nature’s Natural Fertilizer-no chemicals needed!Provides nutrients (food) for plantsRetains water for soil so plants can grown even when it doesn’t rain!Helps plants resist diseases so they grow faster & strongerEnvironmentally friendly - created from 100% recycled materialsNaturally insulates plant roots & reduces soil erosionBreaks up hard clay soil so plants can grow faster & bigger
12How to Begin your Worm Farm: 4/13/2017Worm Farm FactsHow to Begin your Worm Farm:Get a plastic bin – fill it with shredded newspaper & a small amount of compost, peat moss or dirt2. Add worms3. Start adding food scraps – Up to 5 lbs. Per weekWatch Them Go To WORK!
13Building a Worm Farm: Worm Farm Facts 4/13/2017Worm Farm FactsBuilding a Worm Farm:What kind of container can I use?Plastic or wood container with a lidSmall enough for you to handle but big enough for your worms (shoebox or larger)Ventilation is the key to success!Drill holes for drainage and airNEVER put the lid on tight!Container should be dark! Worms like it dark!
14Prepare the Bedding: Worm Farm Facts 4/13/2017Worm Farm FactsPrepare the Bedding:Bedding holds moisture and provides air spaces for the worms.Shredded paper is a good choice for bedding, others are leaves, sawdust, or peat moss.Before placing bedding in the bin, be sure it is good and moist!Add a small amount of sand or crushed egg shells for grit.
15Add the Worms! Worm Farm Facts Red Worms Red Wigglers Manure Worms 4/13/2017Worm Farm FactsAdd the Worms!Red WormsRed WigglersManure WormsNight Crawlers WILL NOT survive in a worm bin!
16Keep it Up! Worm Farm Facts 4/13/2017Worm Farm FactsKeep it Up!Keep an eye on the amount of food and adjust if needed.Keep it moist!If it is too moist, add more bedding.Running out of room? Time to harvest your worms!Remove the remaining contents of the bin (castings) & use them on your houseplants, garden, yard, trees.Worms can double in population every 3 to 6 months under the right conditionsIf they get too crowded they stop eating. So share some worms with a friend!
17The DON’Ts! Worm Farm Facts 4/13/2017Worm Farm FactsThe DON’Ts!Don’t feed the worms things that are not edible. (plastic, rubber bands, foil)Don’t let you cat use it as a litter box!Don’t spray bug spray near your bin!Don’t use garden soilDon’t use straight manure in your bin!
18Example Sign for your WORM BIN! 4/13/2017Worm Farm FactsExample Sign for your WORM BIN!My family and friends are working every day to turn your waste food into rich black humus. When it’s ready to go into our raised beds the plants and flowers will be so happy! We are the experts at Vermicomposting!
194/13/2017Worm Farm FactsFor a free copy of this Worm Farm Facts Powerpoint, visit AWF’s website atFor a free copy of our Worm Bin Box Project Plan,visit AWF’s website at.