Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1 Job Safety Analysis Example Guide Disclaimer: These safety materials, resources and PowerPoint ® presentations are not intended to replace your company's.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "1 Job Safety Analysis Example Guide Disclaimer: These safety materials, resources and PowerPoint ® presentations are not intended to replace your company's."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Job Safety Analysis Example Guide Disclaimer: These safety materials, resources and PowerPoint ® presentations are not intended to replace your company's health and safety policies or to substitute for specific state and federal standards. We do not guarantee the absolute accuracy of the material contained within these resources. Please refer to applicable state and federal standards for regulatory compliance.

2 2 What is a Job Safety Analysis? A job safety analysis (JSA) is a technique to identify the dangers of specific tasks in order to reduce the risk of injury to workers

3 3 Why is it Important?  Once you know what the hazards are, you can reduce or eliminate them before anyone gets hurt  The JSA can also be used to investigate incidents and  To train workers how to do their jobs safely

4 4 Effective JSAs  Management must demonstrate its commitment to safety and health  Follow through to correct any uncontrolled hazards identified  Otherwise, management will lose credibility, and employees may hesitate to go to management when dangerous conditions threaten them

5 5 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Start by involving employees  Discuss what you are going to do, and explain why  Explain that you are studying the task, not employee performance  Involve employees in the entire process

6 6 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Set priorities, giving extra consideration to  Jobs with the highest injury or illness rates  Jobs where there has been a “near-miss” (an incident happened, but nobody got hurt)  Jobs with the potential to cause serious injuries or illnesses, even if there is no history of such problems

7 7 Instructions for Conducting a JSA  Jobs in which one simple, human mistake could lead to severe injury  Jobs that are new to your operation or have been changed  Jobs complex enough to require written instructions

8 8 Job Task Avoid the two most common errors:  Making the tasks too detailed  Making the tasks too general and losing the important activities

9 9 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Break the job task into steps Job StepsPotential HazardsProtective Measures 1.Reach into box to the right of the machine, grasp casting and carry to wheel. 2. Push casting against wheel to grind off burr. 3. Place finished casting in box to the left of the machine.

10 10 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Identify the hazards of each step. For each hazard, ask  What can go wrong?  What are the consequences?  How could it happen?  What are other contributing factors?  How likely is it that the hazard will occur?

11 11 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Job StepsPotential HazardsProtective Measures 1.Reach into box to the right of the machine, grasp casting and carry to wheel. Strike hand on edge of metal box or casting; cut hand on burr. 2. Push casting against wheel to grind off burr. Strike hand against wheel, get sparks in eyes. Wheel breakage, dust, sleeves get caught. 3. Place finished casting in box to the left of the machine. Strike hand against metal box or casting.

12 12 Instructions for Conducting a JSA  Review the list of hazards with employees who do the job  Discuss what could eliminate or reduce the hazards

13 13 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Eliminate or reduce hazards  Safer way to do the job  Describe each step  Be specific – don’t use generalizations like “Be Careful”  Changes in equipment

14 14 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Eliminate or reduce hazards  Equipment changes or engineering controls, e.g. machine guards, improved lighting, better ventilation, are the first choices because they can eliminate the hazard  Changes in work processes  Changes in personal protective equipment

15 15 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Eliminate or reduce hazards  Administrative controls, or changes in how the task is done, can be used if engineering controls aren’t possible (e.g. rotating jobs, changing the steps, training)

16 16 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Eliminate or reduce hazards  When engineering and administrative controls aren’t possible or don’t adequately protect the workers, use personal protective equipment (e.g. gloves, hearing protection)

17 17 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Job StepsPotential HazardsProtective Measures 1.Reach into box to the right of the machine, grasp casting and carry to wheel. Strike hand on edge of metal box or casting; cut hand on burr. Provide gloves and safety shoes. 2. Push casting against wheel to grind off burr. Strike hand against wheel, get sparks in eyes. Wheel breakage, dust, sleeves get caught. Provide larger guard over wheel. Install exhaust system. Provide safety goggles. Instruct employee to wear short sleeved shirts. 3. Place finished casting in box to the left of the machine. Strike hand against metal box or casting. Provide tool for removal of completed stock.

18 18 Assign Actions Accountability for carrying out actions should be clearly assigned, understood and initialed by the responsible person indicating his / her personal commitment and accountability for that action.

19 19 Assign Actions All members of the work team have to understand the actions that must be put in place to ensure safety and protect the environment while the job is performed. This will ensure personal accountability and allow everyone to be clear regarding who will implement the action.

20 20 Instructions for Conducting a JSA What do I do next ? Correct the unsafe conditions and processes  Train all employees who do the job on the changes  Make sure they understand the changes

21 21 Instructions for Conducting a JSA What do I do next ? Review the JSAs  You may find hazards you missed  When the task or process is changed  When injuries or close calls occur while doing the task

22 22 Instructions for Conducting a JSA What do I do next ? Use the JSAs  Training  Accident investigation

23 23  Should a JSA be completed each work shift on the routine task with the most hazards involved?  Should a JSA be completed on all non-routine tasks? Questions?

24 24 JSA Review  The final part of the JSA involves a review for accuracy and completeness  All personnel that are part of the JSA will sign acknowledging their agreement and understanding of the JSA

25 25 Summary – JSA Training Steps 1.Define meaning of JSA 2.Explain benefits and why JSAs are important 3.Select the job to be analyzed 4.Prepare the JSA form 5.Break the job task into steps 6.Identify the hazards

26 26 Summary – JSA Training Steps 7.Identify the controls 8.Correct unsafe conditions and processes 9.Assign additional actions / follow-ups if necessary 10.Review JSAs 11.Use JSAs for training and incident investigation

27 27 Sample JSA - Stack Lift

28 28 Sample JSA – Moving Pipe

29 29 Sample JSA – Vacuum Truck Service Call

30 30 Suggested JSA Tasks With Struck-by Hazards Making / breaking connections Releasing valve pressure on vacuum trucks Good fittings while pumping heavy mud or fluid into vacuum trucks Usage of hammer union wrench and sledge hammer while breaking loose well head bolts

31 31 Supervisor Tips  “Use the right tools for the right task, and don’t take shortcuts” – Sipriano Gonzalez, roundtable member  Using a knife instead of a screwdriver  Using a pipe wrench instead of a crescent wrench  Not using homemade tools for the job

32 32 Supervisor Tips  “Utilize JSAs for pre-work meetings” – John Stephens, roundtable member  “Post JSAs on bulletin boards so crews from different shifts can utilize” – Jay Hawkins, roundtable member

33 33 Quiz All Questions True or False Q: A JSA is a technique to identify the dangers of specific tasks in order to reduce the risk of injury to workers.. A: True

34 34 Quiz All Questions True or False Q: Employees should not be involved in conducting a JSA.. A: False

35 35 Quiz All Questions True or False Q: One common error is making the tasks too general so those important activities of the tasks are lost.. A: True

36 36 Quiz All Questions True or False Q: JSAs can be used for training and incident investigations.. A: True

37 37 Quiz All Questions True or False Q: A JSA involves breaking the job task into steps and identifying the hazard(s) of each step. A: True

38 38 Quiz All Questions True or False Q: It is not important if all members of the work team do not fully understand JSA steps for the job task. A: False

39 39 JSA – Resource Links  Job Safety Analysis – Workbook  Oregon OSHA -  Job Hazard Analysis   Job Safety Analysis & Task Training   Job Safety Analysis Worksheet Job Safety Analysis Worksheet

40 40 LOWER INCIDENTS No one gets hurt at work through LOWER* incidents. *(Limiting Oilfield Workers' Exposures and Risks) Go to next presentation


Download ppt "1 Job Safety Analysis Example Guide Disclaimer: These safety materials, resources and PowerPoint ® presentations are not intended to replace your company's."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google