Presentation on theme: "Job Safety Analysis Example Guide"— Presentation transcript:
1 Job Safety Analysis Example Guide Disclaimer: These safety materials, resources and PowerPoint® presentations are not intended to replace your company's health and safety policies or to substitute for specific state and federal standards. We do not guarantee the absolute accuracy of the material contained within these resources. Please refer to applicable state and federal standards for regulatory compliance.
2 What is a Job Safety Analysis? A job safety analysis (JSA) is a technique to identify the dangers of specific tasks in order to reduce the risk of injury to workersRoundtable discussion: JHAs for training?
3 Why is it Important?Once you know what the hazards are, you can reduce or eliminate them before anyone gets hurtThe JSA can also be used to investigate incidents andTo train workers how to do their jobs safely
4 Effective JSAsManagement must demonstrate its commitment to safety and healthFollow through to correct any uncontrolled hazards identifiedOtherwise, management will lose credibility, and employees may hesitate to go to management when dangerous conditions threaten them
5 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Start by involving employeesDiscuss what you are going to do, and explain whyExplain that you are studying the task, not employee performanceInvolve employees in the entire process
6 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Set priorities, giving extra consideration toJobs with the highest injury or illness ratesJobs where there has been a “near-miss” (an incident happened, but nobody got hurt)Jobs with the potential to cause serious injuries or illnesses, even if there is no history of such problems
7 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Jobs in which one simple, human mistake could lead to severe injuryJobs that are new to your operation or have been changedJobs complex enough to require written instructions
8 Job Task Avoid the two most common errors: Making the tasks too detailedMaking the tasks too general and losing the important activities
9 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Break the job task into stepsJob StepsPotential HazardsProtective Measures1.Reach into box to the right of the machine, grasp casting and carry to wheel.2. Push casting against wheel to grind off burr.3. Place finished casting in box to the left of the machine.
10 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Identify the hazards of each step. For eachhazard, askWhat can go wrong?What are the consequences?How could it happen?What are other contributing factors?How likely is it that the hazard will occur?
11 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Job StepsPotential HazardsProtective Measures1.Reach into box to the right of the machine, grasp casting and carry to wheel.Strike hand on edge of metal box or casting; cut hand on burr.2. Push casting against wheel to grind off burr.Strike hand against wheel, get sparks in eyes. Wheel breakage, dust, sleeves get caught.3. Place finished casting in box to the left of the machine.Strike hand against metal box or casting.
12 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Review the list of hazards with employees who do the jobDiscuss what could eliminate or reduce the hazards
13 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Eliminate or reduce hazardsSafer way to do the jobDescribe each stepBe specific – don’t use generalizationslike “Be Careful”Changes in equipment
14 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Eliminate or reduce hazardsEquipment changes or engineering controls, e.g. machine guards, improved lighting, better ventilation, are the first choices because they can eliminate the hazardChanges in work processesChanges in personal protective equipment
15 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Eliminate or reduce hazardsAdministrative controls, or changes in how the task is done, can be used if engineering controls aren’t possible (e.g rotating jobs, changing the steps, training)
16 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Eliminate or reduce hazardsWhen engineering and administrative controls aren’t possible or don’t adequately protect the workers, use personal protective equipment (e.g. gloves, hearing protection)
17 Instructions for Conducting a JSA Job StepsPotential HazardsProtective Measures1.Reach into box to the right of the machine, grasp casting and carry to wheel.Strike hand on edge of metal box or casting; cut hand on burr.Provide gloves and safety shoes.2. Push casting against wheel to grind off burr.Strike hand against wheel, get sparks in eyes. Wheel breakage, dust, sleeves get caught.Provide larger guard over wheel. Install exhaust system. Provide safety goggles. Instruct employee to wear short sleeved shirts.3. Place finished casting in box to the left of the machine.Strike hand against metal box or casting.Provide tool for removal of completed stock.
18 Assign ActionsAccountability for carrying out actions should be clearly assigned, understood and initialed by the responsible person indicating his / her personal commitment and accountability for that action.
19 Assign ActionsAll members of the work team have to understand the actions that must be put in place to ensure safety and protect the environment while the job is performed. This will ensure personal accountability and allow everyone to be clear regarding who will implement the action.
20 Instructions for Conducting a JSA What do I do next ?Correct the unsafe conditions andprocessesTrain all employees who do the job on the changesMake sure they understand the changes
21 Instructions for Conducting a JSA What do I do next ?Review the JSAsYou may find hazards you missedWhen the task or process is changedWhen injuries or close calls occur while doing the task
22 Instructions for Conducting a JSA What do I do next ?Use the JSAsTrainingAccident investigation
23 Questions?Should a JSA be completed each work shift on the routine task with the most hazards involved?Should a JSA be completed on all non-routine tasks?
24 JSA ReviewThe final part of the JSA involves a review for accuracy and completenessAll personnel that are part of the JSA will sign acknowledging their agreement and understanding of the JSA
25 Summary – JSA Training Steps Define meaning of JSAExplain benefits and why JSAs are importantSelect the job to be analyzedPrepare the JSA formBreak the job task into stepsIdentify the hazards
26 Summary – JSA Training Steps Identify the controlsCorrect unsafe conditions and processesAssign additional actions / follow-ups if necessaryReview JSAsUse JSAs for training and incident investigation
30 Suggested JSA Tasks With Struck-by Hazards Making / breaking connectionsReleasing valve pressure on vacuum trucksGood fittings while pumping heavy mud or fluid into vacuum trucksUsage of hammer union wrench and sledge hammer while breaking loose well head bolts
31 Supervisor Tips“Use the right tools for the right task, and don’t take shortcuts” – Sipriano Gonzalez, roundtable memberUsing a knife instead of a screwdriverUsing a pipe wrench instead of a crescent wrenchNot using homemade tools for the job
32 Supervisor Tips“Utilize JSAs for pre-work meetings” – John Stephens, roundtable member“Post JSAs on bulletin boards so crews from different shifts can utilize” – Jay Hawkins, roundtable member
33 Quiz All Questions True or False Q: A JSA is a technique to identify the dangers of specific tasks in order to reduce the risk of injury to workers..A: True
34 Quiz All Questions True or False Q: Employees should not be involved in conducting a JSA..A: False
35 Quiz All Questions True or False Q: One common error is making the tasks too general so those important activities of the tasks are lost..A: True
36 Quiz All Questions True or False Q: JSAs can be used for training and incident investigations. .A: True
37 Quiz All Questions True or False Q: A JSA involves breaking the job task into steps and identifying the hazard(s) of each step.A: True
38 Quiz All Questions True or False Q: It is not important if all members of the work team do not fully understand JSA steps for the job task.A: False