Presentation on theme: "Enlightenment and Age of Revolutions"— Presentation transcript:
1Enlightenment and Age of Revolutions Unit 6Enlightenment and Age of Revolutions
2Admit SlipIf you remember back from our study of the Renaissance, what institution is losing power?What is this telling you about how people are beginning to think about the world around them differently?When you hear the word “Science”, what do you think of? Hint: what do you do in science class?
3Scientific Revolution The Scientific Revolution grew out of the Renaissance time period.This time period saw a shift where individuals will begin to reject traditional ideas told to them by the Church and now focus on human reason and scientific experimentation to explain uncertainties in the world around them.Again, during both the Renaissance and the Scientific Revolution, the church is losing power, and people are beginning to use observation and experimentation to explain ideas they are unsure of.
7Admit Slip In your opinion, what is the role of government? What should the government do for its people?Based on your answer to the previous question, do you believe the government does what it is supposed to do?What do you think the word enlighten means?
8EnlightenmentThe scientific revolution brought about a new way of thinking to describe why things happened in the universeScientists used reason, which was later used to discover natural laws, or laws that govern human behaviorThis use of reason to solve problems in society brought about the period known as the Enlightenment
9Enlightenment cont’dDuring the Enlightenment period individuals began to:Reject traditional ideasSupport human reasonView authority, power, government, and law in a new wayWhat type of government did many of the societies that you learned about last year in Global I have?If you lived during this time, would you want to live under this government? Why?
10Enlightenment thinkers John LockeAll people have natural rights, or inalienable rights like life, liberty, and propertyGovernment must protect these natural rightsIf government fails to protect these natural rights, the people have the right to overthrow the governmentMany of Locke’s ideas about natural rights and the role of government influenced Thomas Jefferson’s writing of the Declaration of Independence and French Revolution!
11Enlightenment Thinkers Baron de MontesquieuThe powers of government need to be separated into three branchesEach branch will prevent the other branches from becoming too powerfulDoes this sound familiar?.... What government today uses three branches?
12Enlightenment thinkers Jean-Jacques RousseauWrote a book entitled The Social ContractBelieved people were naturally good, but are corrupted by evils in societyWhat is good for everyone is more important than what is good for one personMajority should always work for the common good
14Admit Slip/Exit SlipName one Enlightenment Thinker and major belief related to government.What specific reforms (changes) did the Enlightenment Thinkers want to bring to government?
15Regents Practice:1.) We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” The ideas expressed in the quotation are based primarily on the writings of:A.) Niccolo MachiavelliB.) Charles DarwinC.) CharlemagneD.)John Locke2.) Writers of the Enlightenment were primarily interested inA.)changing the relationship between people and their governmentB.) supporting the divine right theoryC.) debating the role of the church in societyD.) promoting increased power for European monarchs
163.) John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau would be most likely to support A.) a return to feudalism in EuropeB.) a government ruled by a divine right monarchyC.)a society ruled by the Catholic ChurchD.) a society in which the people chose the ruler
17Admit Slip 9/10 What does the word revolution mean to you? What do you think is happening in the portrait below?
18Political Revolutions American RevolutionThe theories of Enlightenment thinkers helped inspire American Colonists to rebel against British rule.Colonists believed that the King of England could not raise taxes without consulting those who were in charge of making the laws.The colonists felt that they were being taken advantage of because they had no voice in the government.They used the slogan “No taxation without representation”.
19Influence of the Enlightenment Thomas Paine’s Common SensePamphlet that help undecided American colonists to join the fight for independence.Promoted a representative form of governmentStated that the colonists should not be ruled by a distant kingUsed reason and natural law in his argument in breaking away from Great Britain.
20Influence of the Enlightenment Declaration of IndependenceThomas Jefferson was heavily influenced by both Locke and Rousseau when writing the Declaration of Independence.Major Ideas:- Governments should rule only with the consent of thegoverned.- Government needs to protect inalienable rights ofcitizens- If Government fails to protect these rights, the peoplehave the right to rebel.