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24 février 2014 Europeen Automotive Skills Council 1 Automotive sector "upstream": Study of current and future skills needs at regional level www.observatoire-metallurgie.fr.

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Presentation on theme: "24 février 2014 Europeen Automotive Skills Council 1 Automotive sector "upstream": Study of current and future skills needs at regional level www.observatoire-metallurgie.fr."— Presentation transcript:

1 24 février 2014 Europeen Automotive Skills Council 1 Automotive sector "upstream": Study of current and future skills needs at regional level February,

2 24 février 2014 Europeen Automotive Skills Council 2 The Prospective Observatory and Analytical Skills Trades and Metallurgy, was established in 2004 as part of the National Joint Committee Employment Training of metallurgy. Its mission is to enlighten the social partners, businesses and stakeholders on : the development of skills and qualifications of the metallurgical industry, the practices and trends observed in recruitment and mobility changes in employment and skills needs. Study results allow the National Joint Committee Employment to make any proposal likely to identify priority professional training in the industry. The Joint Technical Group "Observatory" identifies and disseminates methods and useful tools for small and micro businesses to drive forward planning process jobs and skills (GPEC). The Joint Monitoring and analytical prospective trades and qualifications

3 24 février 2014 Europeen Automotive Skills Council 3 Joint Monitoring – Automotive Industry The results of the study on the upstream of the automotive industry were published in February 2O13. It includes manufacturers and suppliers (rank 1), and the rank of sub-contractors and + 2 branches of metallurgy, plastics, rubber and glass. Méthodology : The Observatory uses macroeconomic studies, regional and local observations, and based on the needs expressed by business, National Joint Committee Employment and training, joint committees of regional employment and vocational training. Seven regions selected for their importance in the domestic auto industry and / or subcontracting : Alsace, Franche-Comté Ile-de-France, Lorraine, Nord-Pas-de- Calais, Loire and Rhône Alpes. Recruitment needs = Δ + employment retirement +/- promotions to other trades + sector outputs

4 24 février 2014 Europeen Automotive Skills Council 4 Main results: Despite the erosion of employment, high external recruitment needs The automotive sector "upstream" has lost a quarter of its workforce over the period Despite further declines and because of a pyramid particularly aging and mobility of employees (internal promotions and departures to other sectors), the industry will continue to recruit. In both scenarios, external recruitment needs are high: between 20,000 and 25,000 external hires per year on average between 2010 and 2020, including 13,000 at recruitments in tier subcontractors 2 and more. The needs are highly concentrated in skilled workers, especially in tier subcontractors 2 and more. Among manufacturers and suppliers, which more often integrated design offices and research and development centers, the need for engineers as well as technicians and supervisors will also be high. Joint Monitoring – Automotive Industry

5 24 février 2014 Europeen Automotive Skills Council 5 Constructeurs automobile Equipementiers Rang 1 Sous-traitants Rang 2 et + Selling and administrative frameworks Technical engineers and managers Associate professionals Technicians and mastery Employees Skilled workers Workers first level All categories Joint Monitoring – Automotive Industry

6 24 février 2014 Europeen Automotive Skills Council 6 Joint Monitoring – Automotive Industry On average per year between 2010 and 2020 Recruitment needs variables Social Categories and region

7 24 février 2014 Europeen Automotive Skills Council 7 The challenges for the future : New technologies, new skills The development of the future of the vehicle based on three areas of technology that will require new skills : economy of raw materials : need skills in eco-design, composite materials and recycling, electrified powertrains: need skills in chemistry and electronics electronics and embedded computing: need skills in electronics and computing. These new skills will grow at levels above +2 and Bac + 5. They will require an adaptation of existing courses or create new courses. However, companies should develop their training offer to train their workforce in these new technologies. Joint Monitoring – Automotive Industry

8 24 février 2014 Europeen Automotive Skills Council 8 The adequacy of initial training device Beyond the renewal of skills related to retirement, companies will find themselves confronted, in some areas, a shortage of young trained trades they need. Ile-de-France and Alsace, the current initial training may offer surplus to future recruitment needs of the upstream automotive industry. Lorraine, in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Loire, potential volumes graduates are relatively well adapted to the recruitment needs of the upstream automotive industry. But in Franche-Comté and Rhône-Alpes, companies will face a strong young graduates if the actual deficit in sections preparing for occupations in the car remain at this level. Joint Monitoring – Automotive Industry

9 24 février 2014 Europeen Automotive Skills Council 9 The value and competence are moving from "hard" to "soft" including treatment of mobility data : Critical technologies concerned are: Mechatronics, human-machine interfaces, 3D technologies, network engineering. Computers and electronics are essential, including the synergy they offer with electrified vehicles (hybrid and electric). New technologies require new skills, often with high added value : Eco-design vehicles requires the assistance of engineers specialized in the environment. The revolution of "composites" (foams, plastics, carbon fiber...) requires expertise in specialty chemicals and plant chemistry (bio-based). Finally, new skills develop in the recycling industry. Companies also noted particular tensions on conventional industry : base metal trades: welders, boilermakers mechanics: toolmakers, machinists, adjusters of maintenance trades trades electronics. Joint Monitoring – Automotive Industry

10 24 février 2014 Europeen Automotive Skills Council 10 Joint Monitoring – Automotive Industry Conclusion New constraints : changing attitudes on mobility environmental awareness expectations connectivity plan economic crisis international competition Need for a new technological breakthrough style architecture and product development Industrial => Anticipating skills needs

11 24 février 2014 Europeen Automotive Skills Council 11 Joint Monitoring – Automotive Industry Eolab 2L/100km Prototype Plugin Hybrid Gazoline Many technologies presented at the World intended to be incorporated into the models to be launched in the next three years


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