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The Origins of Sikhi WALT (We are learning to): Understand why Guru Nanak Dev Jee Maharaj came to this world Evaluate the suffering/plight of the time.

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Presentation on theme: "The Origins of Sikhi WALT (We are learning to): Understand why Guru Nanak Dev Jee Maharaj came to this world Evaluate the suffering/plight of the time."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Origins of Sikhi WALT (We are learning to): Understand why Guru Nanak Dev Jee Maharaj came to this world Evaluate the suffering/plight of the time and now Reflect on your role in serving humanity Greeting Tasks: 1.Write your name, class day and teacher name on your book. 2.Sign and stick in the behaviour policy, homework log and homework progress sheets. 3.Copy the above title and WALT in your book.

2 Prayer Time.....

3 Sikhi Class Target Setting…. Now let’s set some targets. I need you to be honest and set yourself two targets for this term. They need to be: achievable, small steps that we can measure. My targets for this term are: 1. 2. Help: Think about homework, attention in lessons, reading around, revision for tests, meeting deadlines, behaviour, attitude, trying your best, completing all tasks, focusing etc. Remember this is a fresh start and I have VERY HIGH EXPECTATIONS!

4 Say: a A e s h Do: R R L B L k K g G | B B R R L c C j J \ B B R R L t T f F x R L L B B q Q d D n L R L B B p P b B m B B R L B X r l v V R R B R L S ^ Z z & L L R L R L B Let’s get alert again......

5 Dhan Guru Nanak Dev Jee Maharaj TASK: Write down any words, facts, sakhia, feelings you associate with Dhan Guru Nanak Dev Jee.

6 The World and India before Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee Maharaj....

7 Caste System Brahman – scholars/pundits…had sole monopoly over the scriptures. They mis- used this knowledge for their own personal gain at the expense of bleeding the poor dry of their little earnings Kshatry – Warriors…the protectors of India. They weren’t allowed to recite the scriptures but were allowed to listen to them. They did as they were told by the Brahmans Shudra – Pesantry…they weren’t allowed to read or listen to the scriptures and lived in submission to the Brahmans of physical fear and fear that they would be condemned to bad karma Vaish – Untouchables…they too couldn’t read or listen to the scriptures but they were considered the low lifes of the times and had to keep hidden from the rest of the world out of shame of their caste and did all meagre tasks. TASK: Reflect on how YOU would feel if you belonged to any of the above ‘caste’ systems

8 Women in Indian Society....  Were the property of men and the life of a woman was only as long as her husband was alive, otherwise she was a burden on society  Her sole aim was to serve her husband and children  Irrespective of her caste, she could not attain salvation until she was born as a man  If her husband was to die before her, she was to jump into the funeral pyre of her husband (sati) as she was NOTHING without her husband TASK: Write down your thoughts about the process of ‘sati’

9 The New Rulers of India....  Considered anyone other than their faith as infidels  A Tax was levied on all non-Muslims called jazia  Hindu Temple’s and idols were destroyed and forcefully replace with mosques  People were force to change their faith  Land and women of the natives could be taken at their leisure  Were blood thirsty, cruel and tyrannical  Religious persecution  Women were the property of men  Muslim women weren’t allowed to enter the mosque’s  Muslim women had to cover their face – a sign of submission and slavery  A man could marry multiple wives TASK: Imagine you are a woman living in India, how would you feel?

10 Feelings of a woman in India....

11 Everyone was suffering at the time: suxI pukwir dwqwr pRB gurU nwnk jg mwih pTwiwAw] sunee pukaar dhaathaar prabh guroo naanak jag maahi pathaaiaaaa| The benefactor Lord listened to the cries (of humanity) and sent Guru Nanak to this world. cwry pYr Drm dy cwir vrn iek vrnu krwieAw] chaarae pair dharam dhae chaar varan eik varan karaaeiaa| Dharma was now established on its four feet and all the four castes (through fraternal feeling) were converted into one caste (of humanity). kil qwrix gurU nwnk AwieAw ]23] kal thaaran guroo naanak aaeiaa |23| Guru Nanak came to redeem the Kalyug.(23)

12 Power for Humanity  Guru Nanak came to end the suffering of the defenceless.  He gave the common man/woman hope and taught them that they have the power to take their own rights. Not only did he teach them, but he showed them!  The real spirit of religion (Hindu/Islam) was crushed by ritualism and the hearts of the people were filled with falsehood cunningness, selfishness and greed. Guru Nanak came to end falsehood and hypocrisy TASK: How do you think ALL the people of the world felt when Guru Nanak Dev Jee Maharaj arrived?

13 “See the brotherhood of all mankind as the highest order of Yogis; conquer your own mind, and conquer the world.“ "There is one awareness among all created beings." Dhan Guru Nanak Said..... TASK: What did Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee mean by the above? How can we “conquer our mind?

14 Na Koi Hindu, Na Koi Musalman Next week we’ll learn the Sakhi of Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee Maharaj disappearing in the River Bein for 3 days. Upon his return he said “Na Koi Hindu, Na Koi Musalman” What did he mean? Share ideas with your partner and be prepared to feedback.....

15 “From woman, man is born; within woman, man is conceived; to woman he is engaged and married. Woman becomes his friend; through woman, the future generations come. When his woman dies, he seeks another woman; to woman he is bound. So why call her bad? From her, kings are born. From woman, woman is born; without woman, there would be no one at all. O Nanak, only the True Lord is without a woman." Dhan Guru Nanak Said..... TASK: In your opinion why is women’s equality important? You can use the above to help you too.

16 It’s not about’s about equality and respect. Once respected Baba Jee said, “If a Sadhu does mediation for 12 years, a married man for 1 year and a married woman for 1 month, all meditations are equal. Ladies are so much blessed.” "You educate a man; you educate a man. You educate a woman; you educate a generation."

17 Who was Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee Maharaj? Watch the summary video carefully. You will be asked questions afterwards.


19 Hypocrisy...... Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee Maharaj taught humanity that:  Women are equal to men  Caste has no bearing on ones status, but it’s ones actions that determine status  To see the light in all and serve humanity  Believe in One God  No one faith has a monopoly over God  Respect and tolerance of other faiths TASK 1: Copy down the above lessons maharaj taught us. TASK 2: In your opinion which of the above is the most important lesson and why.

20 In conclusion..... Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee Maharaj came to enlighten and liberate humanity.....

21 Suffering in 2011..... TASK: Thought shower what kind of things/problems individuals, communities and the world is suffering from today Some ideas...................................

22 Suffering in 2011.....

23 The Power of GOD in you..... As a Sikh you were BORN TO STAND OUT and be a beacon of light in this dark world.

24 What does Nanak Naam Chardikala, teraa bhanaa Sarbaht dah Bhalla mean? Nanak asks for 'Naam' (name of God) with which comes well being, happiness and positive spirit and with your blessings, Lord may everyone in the world prosper and be in peace" The Sikh concept of "Sarbaht dah Bhalla" which means "blessings for everyone" or literally "May everyone Prosper". This statement is repeated by all practising Sikhs at least twice daily (if not more) as part of their Nitnem (daily prayers). This concept is central to Sikhism and forms a very important and essential role in the religious philosophy of the Sikh Gurus.

25 Task: In what ways do Sikhs want the ‘world to prosper and be in peace’? To put this in concise and clear language, it means that the Sikh desires, prays and asks God for the: Well being of all of humanity Prosperity for everyone in the worldwide community Global Peace for the entire planet.

26 YOU are the light of GOD.....serve the world....... “If you think you’re too small to make a difference, try sleeping in a closed room with a mosquito”. African proverb


28 Peace One Day....  Play a Sport  Hold a film screening  Plan activities in the classroom  Organise your own concert or cultural event:  Organise a peace walk/march or a picnic  Bring your family and friends together, for a meal or celebration  Make peace with someone in your life  Religious and Interfaith events: Direct your prayers, meditation, chanting etc. towards the success of Peace Day and bring faiths together to celebrate global unity  Make your own film: Use the theme of peace in your community and show it on Peace Day  Help the Environment: Focus your Peace Day activities on the need for a more sustainable world, plant a tree!

29 Collective Prayer Prayers for the panth and humanity Scientific Study on Group Meditation One of the most famous scientific studies on the effects of group meditation was conducted by the National Demonstration Project to Reduce Violent Crime and Improve Governmental Effectiveness. The study brought approximately 4,000 participants in the Transcendental Meditation programs to the United States national capital from June 7 to July 30, 1993. In less than 2 months time, the effects of the group meditation had reduced violent crime in Washington D.C by 23%. And based on their statistics, if the program had continued with increased participation, they estimated they could have reduced the violent crime down by a whopping 48%!

30 Chaupai Sahib The Bani offers protection and security and many Sikhs recite this Bani to gain spiritual safety and defence from external and internal enemies, worries and afflictions. The Gurmukhi text is very powerful and gives one self confidence and an upbeat feeling. This Bani gives one the feeling of reliability and dependability on the Lord. If one has negative feelings and a lack of confidence in the future, one should recite this Bani to get an instant boost.


32 A Buddhist perspective.... In Tibet, Guru Nanak is revered as an emanation of Guru Padmasambhava. Many of our pilgrims visited Amritsar and other holy places which they looked upon as equal in importance to Buddha-Gaya. They always said that the Sikhs treated them with great respect and were very hospitable: " as our expression goes, they bowed down to their feet.“ It seems that the Sikhs really practice the doctrine of their religion; perhaps they are the only ones who give such wonderful dana to travellers. Most Tibetans know that Guru Nanak visited Tibet, and the mystical ideas of our two religions are very similar. I have noticed that the Sikhs never worship images in their shrines, but that there is in the centre the book (living Guru), the Guru Granth Sahib. In our tradition, one of the last things that the Buddha said was that in the dark age after his death he would return in the form of books. "At that time," he said, "look up to me and respect me." Both Guru Nanak and the Buddha said to their followers that the real nature of the universe should not be limited by the idea of personal god and gods. Those who made offerings at their shrines should remember that the whole universe was the power offering, offered before and to itself.

33 In conclusion..... Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee Maharaj is still enlightening and liberating the world through the light and form of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee Maharaj

34 ELC- Every Lesson Counts TASK: Write down 5 things you learnt today 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

35 Peace One Day Homework....  HOMEWORK: Complete an activity for PEACE ONE DAY.....  Write what you did on your postcard and how it made you feel.  Bring it with you next lesson  Some ideas:  Extra Bania for humanity  Make peace with a friend  Serve your parents  Smile at everyone for a day  Help a stranger  Plant a tree  Make peace with yourself  RAK

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