Presentation on theme: "The Beginnings of Nationalism The downtrodden Europe moved from the Middle Ages towards Exploration to gain growth as an empire an expand for pride as."— Presentation transcript:
The Beginnings of Nationalism The downtrodden Europe moved from the Middle Ages towards Exploration to gain growth as an empire an expand for pride as well as other reasons continuing into the late 1800’s. Exploration into the African tribal continent was done to increase power as colonies were perceived as gaining Nationalism, passion for ones nation, for the growing homeland empire (Doc 1). A country would colonize Africa to bolster the morale of the common people while the merchants and government gained economically. Prince Leopold expressed his belief in imperialism as the outlet towards showing the world Belgium was just as powerful as larger countries (Doc 1). Imperialism was the chance for the growing empire’s government to increase as well as bolster positive public opinion.
Imperialism and Nationalism Partnership Power and economic prosperity created through colonization can “strengthen the empire” for political reason. (Doc 2) A nation government could become imperial and accept positive feed back due to this pride in being powerful! Otto von Bismarck remarked, four years after the Berlin Conference, that Europe was the new map of Africa. (Doc 3) Pride sensed from his rhetoric as Germany is a part of the imperial expansion right in the middle of Africa.
Henry Stanley in the Congo with young boy George Washington Williams traveled the Congo with Henry Stanley in 1890 and spoke of the ease of gaining the African people as subjects to King Leopold. (Doc 6) Such testaments showcased the greatness of the Belgium empire easily expanding its power into the Independent State of Congo. This demonstrates the benefits of being a great country, instilling Nationalistic fever.
Luis Bernard commented on Algeria, pre-World War I, conveying France as a powerful, expanding empire. The loss of Alsace- Lorraine was outshadowed by the success in Europe (Doc 12). Though a country was not as powerful in Europe, Africa colonization paved success in gaining new lands on which to gain pride. For example, France and Belgium
Why did Europeans colonize Africa? …according to Faith & Sara
TO ACQUIRE NEW RESOURCES FOR INDUSTRY!
Document Four Joseph Chamberlain, British Industrialist : “If tomorrow it were possible… to reduce… the British empire to the dimensions of the United Kingdom, half… of our population would be starved.”
What does Doc. 4 mean? Chamberlain asserts that the British empire’s economy is so dependent on foreign resources that the nation would be crippled without them!
Point of View (Doc. 4) It makes sense that Chamberlain, being an industrialist.. and British…, would support the exploitation of foreign lands in order to increase the prosperity of Britain’s economy.
Document Five Cecil Rhodes, British Imperialist, spoke at the chartering of the British South Africa Company “ Philanthropy is good, but philanthropy at 5 percent is even better.”
What does doc 5 mean children? Mr. Rhodes is revealing the true intentions of British capitalists in Africa: the British aim to make money off of the African lands under the guise of philanthropy.
Point of View for Doc. 5 Once again, it is clear that Cecil Rhodes, a British imperialist, would prioritize Britain’s economy over the well being of Africans.
Document 7 William Clark states that “the patriot …howl[s] for the hero of the hour, when in reality he is encouraged to howl…for the financiers who are making [the hero] their tool”
What does document 7 mean? Financiers are using the idea of nationalism to trick the public into supporting their business ventures in Africa
Point of View I think we understand that capitalists indeed will always aim to benefit their own economies…..
Document 9 “world and colonial policy…corresponds …to the greedy desire of the bourgeoisie for new opportunities to invest”
What does document 9 mean? That the middle class’s rising economic stations are fueling the colonial occupation and exploitation.
European powers felt that to become an imperial power, meant status. “…let us see where there are unoccupied lands… where are people to civilize, to lead to progress in every sense…” “… prove to the World that Belgians also are an imperial people capable of dominating and enlightening others.” Doc #1
Doc. #8 European Powers also used social Darwinism as a reason to dominate Africa. “…an imperial race- a race vigorous and industrious and intrepid.” “ The survival of the fittest is an absolute truth in the conditions of the modern world.”
I AM SUPERIOR! Philanthropy is good But 5% is even better! Translation: It’s exploitation but you’re a savage so I’ll make money by helping you use up all your resources DOCUMENT5DOCUMENT5
DOCUMENT 11 BARBARIC !
Power Politics Power Politics played a very prominent role in the colonization of Africa as many countries used their colonies to build a political structure. In Document 1, the then Prince Leopold of Belgium expresses that since it is not possible to expand his kingdom in Europe due to geographical placement, he seeks to find an unoccupied land where he can dominate and enlighten the people. In Document 10, French diplomat, Eugene-Melchoir de Vogue states that diplomacy has changed from concerns of European countries to who has the most land in Africa and Asia. De Vogue also states that if a country does not wish to become less important, it must obtain new territory.
Military Oppression The European powers used their military force to take over regions of Africa using brute force. This showed their power to the world. Anachronistic pictures, but you get the idea Document 9