Presentation on theme: "Bell Work Name the 4 religions that we have already discussed, the founders, and their place of worship In the practice of tolerance, one's enemy is the."— Presentation transcript:
Bell Work Name the 4 religions that we have already discussed, the founders, and their place of worship In the practice of tolerance, one's enemy is the best teacher. Dalai Lama
Objectives Describe the origins, beliefs, and development of Buddhism Explain the origins, beliefs, and practices of Buddhism
Buddhism… A 2500 year old tradition that began in India and spread throughout the Far East People who practice Buddhism are known as Buddhists.
Basic Philosophy… Persons achieve complete peace and happiness (nirvana) by eliminating attachment to worldly things.
History…. Born Siddhartha Gautama – of noble caste in India, 563 B.C. Raised in great luxury to be a king Empathy for the suffering of others at age 29 rejected the life of luxury to seek enlightenment and the solution to suffering Sat in meditation, achieved Nirvana – an awakening to the truth about life, becoming a Buddha, the “Awakened One”at the age of 35 Spent the remaining years of his life teaching others how to achieve the peace of mind he had achieved
The Spread of Buddhism Within two centuries after the Buddha died, Buddhism began to spread north and east into Asia By 13 th century Buddhism had disappeared from India
Who is the Dalai Lama? The Dalai Lama is a lineage of religious officials of Tibetan Buddhism. "Lama" is a general term referring to Tibetan Buddhist teachers. The Dalai Lama is believed to be the rebirth of a long line of teachers He is an enlightened Tibetan Buddhist lama who has chosen to be reborn in order to enlighten others.
Buddhists are… Population of 379 million South East Asia Led by Buddhist Monks & nuns Place of worship is the HOME Day of Worship: EVERYDAY!!!
As a faith, Buddhists believe… in different gods Polytheistic religion. In not 1 book, but several sacred texts
Buddhists believe… Reincarnation: rebirth results from attachments (karma) Nirvana: peaceful, enlightenment Achieving Nirvana means escape from the cycle of rebirth Follow the four truths & the eight-fold path
The Four Noble Truths To live is to suffer The cause of suffering is self-centered desire & attachments To end suffering is possible The solution is to eliminate desire and attachment achieving Nirvana (“extinction”) The way to Nirvana is through the “Eight-Fold Path”
The Eight-Fold Path Wisdom: Right understanding Right motivation Moral discipline: Right speech Right action Right livelihood Mental discipline: Right effort Right mindfulness Right meditation describes the way to the end of suffering, as it was laid out by Siddhartha Gautama. the goal of freeing the individual from attachments
Web Resources: Buddhanet.netBuddhanet.net: Buddhist information and education network. Includes online resource for Buddhist Studies and other Buddhism resources: http://www.buddhanet.net/Buddhist Studies Dharma the CatDharma the Cat: a multi award winning, lighthearted but informed look at Buddhism. Includes original comic strip expressing Buddhist teachings, an interfaith forum discussing Buddhist ideas from the perspective of other religions, and many other contributions from a wide variety of folks: http://www.dharmathecat.com/ Learn more about Tibetan Buddhism at Osel Shen Phen Ling Tibetan Buddhist Center: http://www.fpmt-osel.org/Osel Shen Phen Ling Tibetan Buddhist Center Created by Laura Ellen Shulman