Presentation on theme: "Scientists, profit & public enlightenment IHPST 2007 Calgary, AB Larry Bencze, Mike Bowen, & Maurice DiGiuseppe."— Presentation transcript:
Scientists, profit & public enlightenment IHPST 2007 Calgary, AB Larry Bencze, Mike Bowen, & Maurice DiGiuseppe
Arguably the factor most greatly affecting science & school science is … Global Economization! Involving: Neoconservative social-political policies Neoliberal economic policies (Carter, 2005). Political Compass: www.politicalcompass.org/ With: IMF, WB, WTO
Global Economization Social Injustices Growing rich vs POOR Massive starvation Decreasing job security Debt in Poor countries Socio-techno-determinism Environmental Degradation Habitat degradation/pollution (air, water, soil) Loss of rainforests; Water shortages; Soil erosion; Desertification; Aquatic pollution; Ozone depletion; Global warming Species loss Species population reduction (e.g., fish) ~ 125 species lost per day (McMurtry, 1999)
Global Economization & Professional Science Since about 1950, ‘Academic’ science has been been replaced by ‘Post-academic’ science (Ziman, 2000). Oriented towards generating for-profit products & services Collectivized Multi-disciplinary Privately-funded Short-term
Effects of Profit Motive on NoS ‘Communalism’: e.g., Dr. Nancy Olivieri, Hospital for Sick Children; deferiprone, drug for thalassemia major; Company suppressed negative results. ‘Universal’: e.g., restricted access to software by companies. ‘Disinterestedness’: e.g., prevent research into uncommon diseases (e.g., schistosomiasis) - since they are unprofitable. ‘Originality’: e.g., ‘Me-too’ drugs! ‘Skepticism’: e.g., Ghost Writers! Science for Profit! Merton ’ s Norms (1942, 1973) Compromised
Research Goal: … to determine scientists ’ willingness to enlighten members of the public and school students about problems associated with the profit motive. Participants: 8 scientists (various fields) Data Collection: Interview Transcripts (90-120 min) Questions re: NoS, Public Education Used Artefacts; e.g., S&T Model, S.T.P., Merton’s Norms Analyses: CCM via CGT
Factors Affecting Intentions Participants’ Direct Experiences 2 pgs
Factors Affecting Intentions Participants’ Sense of the Vulnerability of Science to the Profit Motive Although they claimed their field had not been adversely affected by the profit motive, they felt that people should be informed about this in order to protect the integrity of science. Could be explained, again, by knowledge duality theory. knowledge duality theory
Factors Affecting Intentions Participants’ Views About Science
Status of School Science School science systems typically portray professional science as “ pure and isolated from culture ” (Allchin, 2004, p. 939).
Conclusions More NoSed needed; re: profit motive Informers & Para-informers may assist Those educated should include: School science students Undergraduate science students Student-teachers Scientists Other ‘Stakeholders’; e.g., government, business, etc.
The End! The paper is located online at: http://fcis.oise.utoronto.ca/~lbencze Contact Information firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.lbencze.ca http//www.lbencze.ca/STEPWISE.html