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BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle Part Four ENTER BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle Language Study I.Word StudyWord Study II.Phrases and ExpressionsPhrases.

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Presentation on theme: "BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle Part Four ENTER BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle Language Study I.Word StudyWord Study II.Phrases and ExpressionsPhrases."— Presentation transcript:

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2 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle Part Four ENTER

3 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle Language Study I.Word StudyWord Study II.Phrases and ExpressionsPhrases and Expressions III.Word BuildingWord Building IV.GrammarGrammar V.ExerciseExercise

4 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle I.Word Study 11. shuddershudder 12. trembletremble 13. skinskin 14. snapsnap 15. stretchstretch 16. toto Word List: 1.apartapart 2.beyondbeyond 3.fixfix 4.parepare 5.peelpeel 6. quakequake 7. quiverquiver 8. shakeshake 9. shattershatter 10. shivershiver

5 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 1.apart I.Word Study a. a. separate by a distance b. into parts c. other expressions: to tell apart; to pull apart; to drift apart; to fall apart; to come apart; to grow apart Examples: (a) The two schools are only a few blocks apart. He is now living apart from his family. 两个学校相距只有几 个街区远。 他与家人分开居住。 More examples Translation To be continued on the next page.

6 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle Examples: (b) You need special equipment to take this machine apart. The economy has fallen apart. apart 要拆开这部机器你 需要用特殊的设备。 经济已崩溃。 I.Word Study Translation

7 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 2.beyond I.Word Study Examples: (a) Our school is just beyond that tall building. There is peak beyond peak. The plane fell into a rice paddy a few miles beyond the mountain. prep. a. farther away than; on the far side of b. past or outside the limits, reach, or scope of 学校就在高楼那 边。 层峦叠嶂。 飞机落入离山几 英里的水稻田中。 More examples Translation To be continued on the next page.

8 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle Examples: (b) Don't swim beyond your depth. That Swiss watch costs at least 10 thousand dollars. It's way beyond his means. The lecture was quite philosophical. It was completely beyond me. be touched beyond words beyond 不要到你能力不及 的深水区去游泳。 那块瑞士表至少价 值 10,000 美元,他 根本买不起。 演讲太富哲理性了, 完全超出了我的理 解范围。 感动得无法用言语 来形容 I.Word Study Translation To be continued on the next page.

9 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle I.Word Study the guest staying beyond the hour of welcome the beyond He is beyond this kind of thing. beyond 呆得过久而不再受欢 迎的客人 来世,不可知的彼岸 他绝不屑做这种事情。 Translation beyond recognition beyond description beyond belief beyond doubt Related phrases

10 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 3.fix I.Word Study v. a. to repair/mend; cure b. to put in order; adjust or arrange c. to fasten firmly or make firm, stable; place definitely  If it is not broken, don't try to fix it.  Fix your hair.  He fixed the picture on the wall.  If you don't fix the lid on properly, the milk will spill out. Classify the following words into 3 groups according to a, b and c. a b c c More examples To be continued on the next page.

11 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle fix: I.Word Study  Marriage is fixed on the 7th, June.  I'll fix the day if you want to meet them.  Nothing is fixed in the world ; everything is relative.  He looked at me with fixed eyes.  We are supposed to fix the broken machine.  Let me fix you a cup of tea. b b c c a b Classify the following words into 3 groups according to a, b and c.

12 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 4.pare I.Word Study v. a. to cut off or trim the outer coating, layer, edge or part of… b. to cut the nails of your fingers or toes c. to reduce, diminish, decrease gradually (often fol. by down) to pare an apple 削苹果 to pare one's nails 修剪指甲 to pare down expense 削减开支 Related phrases

13 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 5.peel v. to strip sth. off the skin, rind, and bark, etc. Examples: The wall was peeling. Too much heat will make the bark wrinkle and peel. Sun the nose till it peels. I.Word Study Related phrases To be continued on the next page.

14 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle peel I.Word Study to peel paint from a car to peel shrimp/a boiled egg to peel an apple/a banana

15 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle I.Word Study 6.quake He stood there quaking with fear. The earth was quaking. The boughs quaked at every breath. 他站在那里吓得发抖。 大地在颤抖 。 树枝在风中摇曳。 Examples: v. to shake violently from shock or instability Translation

16 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle I.Word Study 7.quiver quiver with age His voice/fingers quivered uncontrollably. The blades of grass quiver in the wind. His lips were quivering with emotion. Leaves quiver in the breeze. Examples: 因年老而颤抖 他的声音 / 手指不自觉地颤 抖 。 草叶在风中颤动。 由于激动他的嘴唇在颤抖。 树叶在微风中颤动。 v. to shake with a slight but rapid motion, close to tremble Translation

17 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle I.Word Study 8.shake Examples: shake with cold By that time the building is shaking violently. We could not even stand up. The house shakes when the train goes by. He shakes with emotion. He was so angry that his whole body shook. v. to make lots of quick small movements up and down, or side to side

18 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 9.shatter I.Word Study Examples: She was shattered by the news of his death. Our hope was shattered. v. a. to break sth. into pieces, as by a blow b. to damage, as by breaking or crushing; impair or destroy (health, nerves) c. to weaken or refute (an idea or opinion) d. to surprise or astonish 他去世的消息使她 震惊. 我们的希望破灭了. More examples To be continued on the next page. Translation

19 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle shatter I.Word Study A long illness shattered his health. An explosion of gunpowder shatters a rock. Suddenly the silence was shattered. shatter one's reputation shatter one's health shatter a plan shatter a mirror shatter faith 一场病把他的身体 拖跨了 。 火药把岩石炸碎了。 寂静突然被打破了。 毁坏名誉 损害健康 破坏计划 打碎镜子 动摇信念 Related phrases Translation

20 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle I.Word Study 10.shiver v. to tremble mostly because of coldness, fear, or excitement n. a shaking movement that your body makes when you are cold, frightened, or excited Examples To be continued on the next page.

21 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle The night in the desert was cold. We were all shivering. she gave a slight shiver. He still had the shivers when he passed the spot where the murder case took place. 沙漠里的夜晚很冷, 我们冻得浑身发抖. 她微微颤动了一下。 走过当年凶杀案事发 现场, 他仍然会不寒 而栗。 I.Word Study shiver Translation

22 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle I.Word Study 11.shudder v./n. to tremble with sudden and brief, momentary, convulsive movement; more intense shaking, usu. because of fear, cold, horror, disgust, worry, disapproval, etc. It suggests movement less noticeable to on- lookers. Examples To be continued on the next page.

23 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle I.Word Study shudder At the sight of the blood-stained knife, she shuddered to screech. She shuddered at the sight of snake. I shudder to think of tension. 一看到那把沾血的刀,她 就尖叫起来 。 她一看到蛇就惊恐万状 。 我怕得不敢想压力 。 Translation

24 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle I.Word Study 12.tremble He trembled/shook with anger when he heard that news. To tell you the truth, I was so frightened that I trembled like a leaf. The old bridge trembled under the train. Examples: v. It implies slight or quick movement for uneasy or nervous reasons. It does not go with violent movement. To be continued on the next page.

25 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle Exercise: Fill in the blanks with tremble, quiver, shiver, shake and shudder. I.Word Study At the sight of his lost son, he _________________ with excitement. He was to open the letter. The night in the desert was cold. We were all __________________. News of crime my faith in the humanity. Anyone familiar with law regulatory enforcement should at the thought of nuclear plants. trembled/quivered trembling shivering/quivering shook shudder Answers

26 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle to peel potatoes to husk the rice to shell the peas to weed the garden to dust the tables 13.skin I.Word Study n. the external covering or integument of an animal body, esp. soft and flexible v. to remove the skin from skin a rabbit skin grapes Examples: Related collocations 去土豆皮 除大米的稻壳 剥豆荚 除去花园内的杂草 除去桌上的灰尘

27 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 14.snap I.Word Study v. a. to break with a sudden sharp distinct noise b. to open or close something suddenly c. to say something quickly and angrily or in an annoyed manner (fol. by at) d. to take a photo/ take snapshot e. to make a sharp cracking sound with fingers or teeth or a whip Examples To be continued on the next page.

28 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle snap I.Word Study The door snapped shut behind us. The lock snapped shut. I snapped at him to sit down. snap a suitcase shut/open snap off/on a TV set His eyes snapped open/shut. He snapped his lighter to see if it needed fuel. He snapped his fingers to get the child's attention. The ferocious dog was snapping at me. 门 啪 嗒一声在我们身后 关上了。 锁啪嗒一声合上了。 我厉声命他坐下。 啪地关上 / 打开行李箱 啪地一声 关上 / 打开电视 他迅速睁开 / 闭上眼睛。 他啪啪地按打火机看是 否需要加油。 他打了个响指以吸引孩 子的注意。 这条凶猛的狗突然猛咬 我. Translation

29 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 15.stretch I.Word Study v. a. to lengthen, widen b. to spread out fully; extend from one place to another or across a given space or time c. to reach out Examples To be continued on the next page.

30 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle stretch I.Word Study The forest stretches for miles. His memory stretches back to his early childhood. The beggars all stretched out their hands. But he had nothing to give. The wool coat stretched when it was washed. 森林绵延数百英里。 他的记忆回到了童年 时代。 乞丐们都伸出了手, 但他却没什么可给的。 这件羊毛外套在洗的 时候拉长了。 Translation To be continued on the next page.

31 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle stretch I.Word Study He woke, yawned and stretched himself. He drove fast on a stretch of open field. He is having a stretch in jail. She stretched her neck to see what was going on. With a sudden stretch, Tom took the younger boy’s cap. 他醒了,打着哈欠, 伸着懒腰。 他开车在一片开阔的 田野上飞驰。 他正在服刑。 她伸长了脖子看正在 发生什么事。 汤姆突然伸出手,抢 走了小男孩的帽子。 Translation

32 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 16.to I.Word Study ad. in or into a closed position Examples: The police kicked the door to. The window was blown to. The end of Word Study.

33 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 1.add upadd up 2.allow forallow for 3.apart fromapart from II.Phrases and Expressions List: 4.count in/outcount in/out 5.for allfor all 6.out of proportionout of proportion 7.prick upprick up

34 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 1.add up II.Phrases and Expressions a.to amount to collect total b.to seem reasonable or make sense Examples: Add up a column of figures. (a) It has to be true. It all adds up. (b) The facts just don’t add up. (b) 1. 把一栏数字加起来。 2. 这事一定是真的。 从各方面都说得通。 3. 这些事实根本串不 起来。 Translation Cf. add up to To be continued on the next page.

35 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle add up to He is sick, but his symptoms don't add up to anything recognizable. Example: II.Phrases and Expressions 他是病了,但是 把各种症状综合 起来还看不出是 什么病。 to amount to; signify Translation

36 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 2.allow for II.Phrases and Expressions 考虑到,顾及,为 …… 留出余地 We must allow for the possibility that they have been involved in the combat. Allowing for the train being late, we should be back by eleven. He is old-fashioned but you have to allow for his age. Examples: Cf. allow of To be continued on the next page.

37 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle allow of BTLEW II.Phrases and Expressions 容许, 容许有可能 evidence allowing of only one conclusion The stool is tall enough to allow of a baby reaching the bed. Such conduct allows of no excuse. Examples: II.Phrases and Expressions 1. 只容引出一种结论 的证据 2. 凳子的高度足以让 婴儿够到床铺。 3. 这种行为不可原谅。 Translation Cf. make allowance(s) for To be continued on the next page.

38 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle make allowance(s) for We must make allowance for his youth and inexperience. Example: II.Phrases and Expressions 考虑到, 体谅

39 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 3.apart from II.Phrases and Expressions It is a bit cold in winter, but apart from that, it's quite a pleasant city to live in. Apart from his poor health, he is also hopelessly lazy. The coachman sat eating apart from us. Examples: 除 …… 之外;远离

40 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 4.count in/out 把 …… 算入 / 不把 …… 算在内 If you are planning a trip to London, count me in/out. He counted out ten 5-pound notes. Examples: II.Phrases and Expressions Cf. count on To be continued on the next page.

41 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle II.Phrases and Expressions count on 依靠,指望,料想 You can count on me for everything in the future. Example:

42 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle II.Phrases and Expressions 5.for all in spite of all For all our efforts, we still couldn't save his life. For all his power, he is still the most despised person. Examples:

43 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle II.Phrases and Expressions 6.out of proportion 与 …… 不成比例 / 不相称 His story was exaggerated out of proportion. Example: Cf. in proportion to/with To be continued on the next page.

44 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle Price will be raised in proportion. The size of the furniture should be in proportion to the size of the room. The figures in the painting are in proportion to the surroundings. Examples: II.Phrases and Expressions in proportion to/with 与 …… 成比例 / 相称

45 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 7.prick up 竖起 The spires of churches prick up through the greenery. His voice pricked up in surprise. prick (up) the (one's) ears Examples: II.Phrases and Expressions The end of Phrases and Expressions. 1. 教堂的尖顶耸立在 绿树丛中。 2. 他惊讶得连嗓音都 变尖了。 3. 竖起耳朵仔细听 Translation

46 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle Study how these words are formed III.Word Building im — press op — press de — press re — press com — press ex — press (to press in) (to press against) (to press down) (to press together) (to press back) (to press out) imprint/imprison oppose/opposition decline/debark reecho/reflux exclude/exempt prefix+root (press)examples communion /compound To be continued on the next page.

47 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle Para.41 … on the darkening river… III.Word Building showing the process from not dark — less dark — dark — darker — darkening It refers to the color of the river , black or pitch-dark color. Dark river To be continued on the next page.

48 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle III.Word Building -en a. 表示人或物原有的某种性质得到加强 Examples: blacken fatten loosen weaken moisten 她笑出了声,这似乎 使她的声音显得更深 沉。 Example "deepen" She laughed and that seemed to deepen her voice. brighten whiten darken tighten redden deepen shorten thicken lessen lighten To be continued on the next page.

49 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle III.Word Building b. 表示用原名词表示的物质制作的物品或与原物质 相像的物品 Examples: ashen golden silken woolen -en People wear woolen clothing even on hot days. a rosy, frail girl with bright golden hair earthen waxen oaken wooden More examples To be continued on the next page.

50 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle III.Word Building The end of Word Building. c. 与表示或描述性质状态的名词或形容词结合构成动词, 描述使某物具有特定性质或处于特定状态的活动过程 Examples: deaden enlighten enliven hasten hearten -en

51 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle IV.Grammar List: 1.Reflective VerbReflective Verb 2.Reflective PronounReflective Pronoun

52 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle IV.Grammar The reflective verb is followed by a reflective pronoun. 1.Reflective Verb dress behave express seat enjoy hide Examples: improve commit absent pride prepare calm surpass feel overwork help divorce etc. More examples To be continued on the next page.

53 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle IV.Grammar You are forgetting yourself. We got out of the river and dried ourselves. I feel myself overwhelmed with sadness. She said that our plan was interesting. But she didn’t commit herself. I avail myself of this opportunity to thank you for your solicitude. He swore to avenge himself on the Fascists for their massacre. If Joe applied himself to his work, he would finish it in time. 太放肆 晒干 感到 表态 利用 向 …… 报仇 全力以赴 Reflective Verbs Translation

54 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle IV.Grammar a.predicate object 2.Reflective Pronoun He absented himself from class to watch a football game. Jaime prides himself on his ability to speak several languages. A good teacher never divorces himself from his students. 逃课 自豪 脱离 It can serve as object, appositive and predicative. It must refer to the same subject as in the main clause. To be continued on the next page.

55 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle IV.Grammar b.prepositional object I have the room to myself. He's a right to decide for himself. All this is between ourselves. The accident didn’t happen of itself. Yours isn't a bad idea in itself. Julie conducted the experiment by herself. When he heard the news, he was beside himself with joy. 这间房子归我独用。(单独 所有 / 单独所用) 他有权自己做出决定。(为 自己,替自己,自己亲自) 这是我们之间的秘密。 事故不会自行发生。 你的主意本身是不错的。 (本身,本质上) 朱莉独自做了实验。(独自, 在没有外界帮助情况下,自 动) 听到这个消息,他欣喜若狂。 (因 …… 而发狂) Reflective Pronouns To be continued on the next page. Translation

56 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle IV.Grammar c.predicative : be + reflective pronoun ( 身心健康 ) I am glad that you are yourself again. Laura is not quite herself today. 很高兴你恢复健康了。 劳拉今天不太对头。 Reflective pronoun Examples: Translation To be continued on the next page.

57 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle IV.Grammar d.appositive :自己,亲自,本人 They themselves are to blame. (They are to blame themselves.) The end of Grammar. Reflective Pronoun Examples: It is better to ask Dean himself about it. Referring to Page272 for more examples

58 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle V.Exercise List: 1. TranslationTranslation 2. Grammar & VocabularyGrammar & Vocabulary

59 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle He fixed the picture on the wall. 固定 If you don't fix the lid on properly, the milk will spill out. 拧紧 Nothing is fixed in this world; everything is relative. 不变的 We are supposed to fix the broken machine. 修理 Let me fix you a cup of tea. 准备 If you want to meet them, I can fix a day. 安排 Translate these sentences into Chinese. V.Exercise To be continued on the next page.

60 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle The marriage was fixed on the 7th June. 安排 My wool coat stretched when washed. 变长 The forests stretch for hundreds of miles. 绵延 The cat woke and gave a stretch. 伸懒腰 With a sudden stretch, John took Tom’s cap. 身体 伸长,伸出 He spent a long stretch in jail. 监禁 They traveled a hard stretch of road. 一段路 V.Exercise

61 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 1. We __ that diet is related to most types of cancer but we don’t have definite proof. a. assureb. suspend c. ascertaind. suspect 2. Chinese historians have tried to ___ a balance between individuals and social groups, and between the data of history and their significance. a. produce b. upset c. strike d. tip 3. Anyone breaking the rules will be asked to leave ____. a. at the spotb. on the spot c. for the spotd. in the spot d c b Answers V.Exercise To be continued on the next page.

62 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 4. He ___ his head, wondering how to solve the problem. a. scrappedb. screwed c. scrapedd. scratched 5. At present there is a ____ of iron and steel and more must be produced. a. limitb. loss c. povertyd. scarcity 6. The branches could hardly ___ the weight of the fruits. a. retainb. sustain c. maintaind. remain d d b V.Exercise Answers To be continued on the next page.

63 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 7. This watch is ___ to all the other watches on the market. a. superior b. advantageous c. superd. beneficial 8. Having finished their morning work, the clerks stood up behind their desks, ___ themselves. a. expandingb. prolonging c. stretchingd. extending 9. Tom ___ better than to ask Dick for help. a. shall knowb. shouldn’t know c. has knownd. should have known To be continued on the next page. a c d V.Exercise Answers

64 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 10. Some people viewed the finding with caution, noting that a cause-and-effect relationship between passive smoking and cancer remains ___. a. to be shownb. to have shown c. to have been shownd. being shown 11. John seems a nice person. ___, I don’t trust him. a. Even thoughb. Even so c. Therefored. Though 12. While admitting that this forecast was ___ uncertain, the scientists warned against treating it as a cry wolf. a. anyhow b. somewhere c. somewhat d. anyway a b c V.Exercise Answers To be continued on the next page.

65 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle 13. The future of this company is ___ : many of its talented employees are flowing into more profitable net-based businesses. a. at odds b. in trouble c. in vain d. at stake 14. He will agree to do what you require ___ him. a. of b. from c. to d. for 15. One of the requirements for a fire is that the material ___ to its burning temperature. a. is heatedb. will be heated c. be heatedd. would be heated 16. The ratio of the work done by the machine ___ the work done on it is called the efficiency of the machine. a. against b. with c. to d. for The end of Exercise. d a c c V.Exercise Answers

66 BTLEW Lesson 9 – A Dill Pickle This is the end of Part Four. Please click HOME to visit other parts. HOME Part Four


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