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Main menu -Buddhism- -Confucianism- -Taoism- The Three major ISM’S.

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Presentation on theme: "Main menu -Buddhism- -Confucianism- -Taoism- The Three major ISM’S."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Main menu -Buddhism- -Confucianism- -Taoism- The Three major ISM’S

3 Main menu Please Use Your Mouse To Navigate

4 The Three ISM’s Buddhism Confucianism Taoism

5 Main menu Buddhism  Siddhartha Gautama:  Was born around 563 B.C.  In Nepal The father of Buddhism

6 Main menu Buddhism  At 29yrs old Siddhartha Gautama  While sitting under the bo tree, he experienced  The Great Awakening  Gautama was gone and would now be known as the *BUDDHA*

7 Main menu Buddhism  The Buddha began Buddhism and taught it to anyone who would listen.  He was teaching a religion that was devoid of:  Authority  Ritual  Tradition  Supernatural

8 Main menu Buddhism  It was though in fact:  Empirical  Scientific  Pragmatic  Therapeutic  Egalitarian  Directed to individuals

9 Main menu Buddhism  Buddha’s key discovery is known as the Four Noble Truths.  The first truth is Dukka. Which refers to life's suffering. Buddha believed that the pains we feel in life could be cured through Buddhism.

10 Main menu Buddhism  Buddha’s key discovery is known as the Four Noble Truths.  The second truth is Tanha. Which translates to the desire for private fulfillment.

11 Main menu Buddhism  Buddha’s key discovery is known as the Four Noble Truths.  The third truth is the cure for Tanha. Not the real cure though, just the knowledge, and understanding that there is a cure.

12 Main menu Buddhism  Buddha’s key discovery is known as the Four Noble Truths.  The fourth truth is the real cure for Tanah. It comes in the form of the Eight Fold Path.

13 Main menu Buddhism  The Eight Fold Path: You must have all of the following qualities to cure Tanha.  The Right Knowledge:  You must have the knowledge of the Four Noble Truths.  The Right Aspiration:  You have to want to reach true enlightenment for the Eight Fold Path to work. As in ConfucianismConfucianismAs in TaoismTaoism

14 Main menu Buddhism  The Eight Fold Path: You must have all of the following qualities to cure Tanha.  The Right Speech:  You need to take notice of how often you feel the need to deviate from the truth.  The Right Behavior:  Do not kill, Steal, Lie, or be unchaste, take drugs or intoxicants.

15 Main menu Buddhism  The Eight Fold Path: You must have all of the following qualities to cure Tanha.  The Right Livelihood:  Your occupation can not go against the teachings of the Buddha.  The Right Effort:  You have to be dedicated and always try to follow the way of the Buddhist. Unlike TaoismTaoism

16 Main menu Buddhism  The Eight Fold Path: You must have all of the following qualities to cure Tanha.  The Right Mindfulness:  You have to be aware of every part of yourself. Your thought and your feelings.  The Right Absorption:  If you loose delusion, craving and hostility, the three poisons. You will see things how they should be.

17 Main menu Buddhism  If you follow the Four Noble truths you could reach Nirvana. Which is the ultimate goal for every Buddhist.  “Nirvana is permanent, stable imperishable, immovable, ageless, deathless, unborn, and unbecoming; it is power, bliss and happiness, the secure refuge, the shelter, and the place of unassailable saftey;… incomprehensible peace (world’s region)

18 Main menu Buddhism  Buddha said that the human self has no soul, “Anatta”.

19 Main menu Buddhism  Buddha did believe in reincarnation.  He saw it as a wave.  He said that nothing will be identical to this life in the next, “Pari Passu”.

20 Main menu Buddhism  There are three groups of Buddhist today.  Hinayana: The Little Way  Mahayana: The Great Way  Vajrayana: The Diamond Way

21 Main menu Buddhism  Hinayana: The Little Way  They prefer to call their Buddhism “Theravada”  The way of the Elders.  They follow the Pali Canon records.  Believed that Progress lies with the individual.  Believe that there is no God to help you get through life. As in ConfucianismConfucianism

22 Main menu Buddhism  Hinayana: The Little Way  The prime attribute is wisdom “Bodhi”.  Sangha: Monasteries filled with spiritual dynamos where Theravada thrived.  They believe that their religion was for these high priest to teach and pass on.  They would only use meditation and invocations to strengthen their faith.

23 Main menu Buddhism  Mahayana: The Great Way  Claim that they represent the true line of succession, from the Buddha.  That Buddha reached Nirvana and returned to teach others how to reach it as well.  They believe that there is defiantly, Buddhas and Bodhisattvas, to help them through life.  Bodhisattvas: A person that has attained enlightenment, but postpones Nirvana in order to enlighten others.

24 Main menu Buddhism  Mahayana: The Great Way  The prime attribute is compassion “Karuna”.  Believe that the religion is primarily for the average person.  They added supplications, petition, and calling out Buddha’s name for strength.

25 Main menu Buddhism  Vajrayana: The Diamond Way  The way to realize Buddha’s wisdom and compassion.  Vajrayana started in Tibet.  The essence of Vajrayana Buddhism is Tantra.  It teachings gives the advantage of reaching Nirvana in a single life time by using, and focusing all the energies in the body.

26 Main menu Buddhism  Vajrayana: The Diamond Way  Mantras: Fashion sounds into holy formulas  Mudras: Turn hand gestures into scared dances  Mandalas: Use icons who’s holy beauty empowers

27 Main menu Buddhism  Vajrayana: The Diamond Way  The Dali Lama is the Vajrayana’s version of a Bodhisattva.  The Dali Lama has reincarnated himself 13 times, so he can continue to lead the Tibetan people.

28 Main menu Buddhism  Hinayana, Mahayana, Vajrayana: The Rafts  They all have a single founder.  They all deal with the metaphor, using a raft to cross life’s river.  Once you cross the river the realm of God is no distant place. It is where you now stand.  They all have very lavish temples and shrines. Unlike TaoismTaoism

29 Main menu Buddhism  Hinayana, Mahayana, Vajrayana: The Rafts  They all believe in the kindness to all creatures, the non-killing of animals, the elimination of caste barriers in religion and their reduction in social matters. (world religion’s)  Buddhism thrives in every Asian land, except the one that gave birth to it. India Main Menu Main Menu

30 Main menu Confucianism The father of Confucianism  Confucius:  Was born around 551 B.C.  In what is now the Shantung Province

31 Main menu Confucianism  In his early twenties he became a tutor  At the age of fifty Confucius set out on a 13 year trek  He died at the age of 74  Confucius was undoubtedly one of the worlds best teachers  He always taught very informal, like a fellow learner with his students  He never thought of himself as a sage

32 Main menu Confucianism  With his death began his glorification  His teachings have touched almost every Chinese student for the past two thousand years.  Confucius believed that tradition was the key to peace, in this very unstable time.  He believed that tradition would show them the way back to a happy China.

33 Main menu Confucianism  Confucius looked back Five Hundred years to the Chou Dynasty for the answer on how to get China out of turmoil.  He shifted tradition from an unconscious state to a state of consciousness.  During the Chou Dynasty, warfare had become a very gruesome affair, whole populations were put to death. Anywhere from 60,000 to 400,000 people slaughtered

34 Main menu Confucianism CConfucius had Five Ideals that guided his thoughts: JJen: Is the ideal way for one to carry oneself through life. “Measure the feeling of others by one’s own.” CChu Tzu: If Jen is how a person should be, then Chu Tzu is how a person should act.

35 Main menu Confucianism  Confucius had Five Ideals that guided his thoughts:  Li: The propriety- The way things should be done. It is the way you should act in what ever role you play in life.  A father should be a father, and a ruler should be a ruler.  Te: Translates to “Power”. How the people with power, use it. For a person to be a great leader his followers must choose to follow him. Unlike TaoismTaoism

36 Main menu Confucianism  Confucius had Five Ideals that guided his thoughts:  Wen: Victory goes to the state with the highest culture. Art has the power to ennoble the human spirit. China placed the scholar-bureaucrat at the top of its social scale, and its soldiers at the bottom.

37 Main menu Confucianism  Confucius believed that with out human relationships, there would be no self.  There are Five Constant relationships in life:  Parent and Child  Husband and Wife  Elder Sibling and Junior Sibling  Elder Friend and Junior Friend

38 Main menu Confucianism  People have to warrant the respect and power that comes with their positions in life. Power and respect are not a given, they must be earned.  He believed that if everyone followed the five ideals, even just one person the effect would be wide spread. Through that person’s family, community, nation, and the world. As in BuddhismBuddhismUnlike TaoismTaoism

39 Main menu Confucianism  Confucius shifted China’s focus from heaven to earth. Though he did not remove heaven from the picture.  He saw that his country could not serve it’s people, so how was it going to serve it’s ancestors.  He believed that somewhere in the universe there is a power that is on the side of right.

40 Main menu Confucianism  China configured the Confucianism religion, so that it would serve everyone.  China still holds a great importance for the Five Constant Relationships.  With each passing year people listen more and more to there elders.

41 Main menu Confucianism  You should be able to work out your problems with out involving the courts.  Confucianism has the power to change entire civilizations for the better. It affects every aspect of life and makes it better.

42 Main menu Confucianism  Confucius repeatedly calls for Self- examination  There are many extravagant temples and shrines for Confucius.  Confucius focused on the individuals, the people more than anything else. Unlike TaoismTaoism Unlike TaoismTaoism Main Menu Main Menu As in BuddhismBuddhism

43 Main menu Taoism The father of Taoism  Lao Tzu:  Was born around 640 B.C.  No one is really sure about any dates or places.

44 Main menu Taoism  Lao Tzu was not pleased with his people, so he left and went on a journey.  Lao Tzu was asked to leave a record of his beliefs with his civilization.  It took him three days to complete 5000 characters titled the Tao Te Ching.

45 Main menu Taoism  The Tao Te Ching is in effect the Taoist bible.  It centers around the concept of Tao. Or the “path”

46 Main menu Taoism  There are three meanings of “Tao”  Tao- The way to ultimate reality. This Tao is way to vast for a person to comprehend or fathom.  Tao- The way of the universe. The norm, the rhythm, and the driving power in all of nature. Deals more with the spiritual side then the Physical side of things.

47 Main menu Taoism  There are three meanings of “Tao”  Tao- The way of human life. It refers to the way that we mesh with the Tao of the universe.

48 Main menu Taoism  Just like the three meanings of Tao. All three were designed to facilitate the power of Tao through “te”  There are three types of Taoism:  Philosophical Taoism  Religious or Popular Taoism  Vitalizing Taoism

49 Main menu Taoism  Philosophical Taoism:  Is a reflective look at life  Relatively unorganized  Teaches what you should understand  You work on improving yourself  Seeks power through knowledge  Sought to conserve “te” and not to expend is on friction and conflict.  Associated Lao Tzu, Chuang Tzu, and Tao Te Ching

50 Main menu Taoism  Philosophical Taoism:  Wu Wei- The perfect way to live life, and reduce conflict and friction  Combines supreme activity and supreme relaxation  The conscious mind has to get out of the way of its own light.  For one to perfect the wu wei lifestyle.  A lifestyle above excess and tension. As in BuddhismBuddhism

51 Main menu Taoism  Religious Taoism:  Became a full fledge church  Its programs are active  “The Taoist priesthood made cosmic life- power available for ordinary villagers.”  Their power was with magic, the harnessed higher powers for human ends.  Want to help transmit “Ch’i” to people that can not get it on their own. As in BuddhismBuddhism

52 Main menu Taoism  Vitalizing Taoism:  The programs are active  Relatively unorganized  Teaches what you should do.  Is a self help program  You work on improving yourself  Want to increase the amounts of Tao or “te” in their life  They do this through “ch’i”

53 Main menu Taoism  Vitalizing Taoism:  They want to remove the barriers that slowed the flow of “ch’i”  The power of “ch’i”  “could shift Heaven and Earth”

54 Main menu Taoism  Philosophical, Religious and Vitalizing Taoism  All center on how to maximize their Tao.  They honor hunchbacks, crippels. Because the tallest tree get the axe first.  Their temples blend in with the landscape. They do not stand out. Unlike Buddhism and ConfucianismBuddhism Confucianism

55 Main menu Taoism  Philosophical, Religious and Vitalizing Taoism  They all teach that people will be at their best, when they are living in harmony with their surroundings.  They consider ceremonies pompous and downright silly.  They feel there is nothing to gain from punctiliousness, and the meticulous observance of propriety. Unlike ConfucianismConfucianism Unlike BuddhismBuddhism

56 Main menu Taoism  The Taoist believe in opposites, and that things in nature have a way of working themselves out. The Taoist believe that people should be spontaneous and life their lives by someone else’s thoughts. Lao Tzu connects the human to what transcends it. Unlike ConfucianismConfucianismUnlike ConfucianismConfucianism Main Menu Main Menu


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