Presentation on theme: "12CP Vocabulary Mrs. Kelsey. 8/29/07 Apathy (n) - lack of interest; lack of feeling Conjecture (v/n) - to guess; to deduce or infer on slight evidence."— Presentation transcript:
8/29/07 Apathy (n) - lack of interest; lack of feeling Conjecture (v/n) - to guess; to deduce or infer on slight evidence / a guess Daunt (v) - to make fearful; to intimidate Loquacious (adj) - talking a lot or too much Neologism (n) - a new word or phrase; a new usage of a word
9/4/07 Archetype (n) - an original model or pattern Cryptic (adj) - mysterious; mystifying Exemplify (v) - to illustrate by example; to serve as a good example Incessant (adj) – unceasing Magnanimous (adj) - forgiving; unresentful; noble in spirit; generous Patriarch (n) - the male head of a family or tribe Stymie (v) - to thwart; to get in the way of; to hinder
9/5/07 Abridge (v) – to shorten; to condense Culpable (adj) – deserving blame; guilty Deduce (v) – to conclude from the evidence; to infer Depravity (n) - extreme wickedness or corruption Impervious (adj) – not allowing anything to pass through; impenetrable
9/10/07 extricate (v) - to free from difficulty fervor (n) - great warmth or earnestness; ardor; zeal perennial (adj) - continual; happening again and again or year after year tout (v) - to praise highly; to brag publicly about vindictive (adj) - seeking revenge zealous (adj) - enthusiastically devoted to something; fervent
9/11/07 address (v) - to speak to; to direct one's attention to dialectical (adj) - relating to discussions; relating to the rules and methods of reasoning; approaching truth in the middle of opposing extremes insidious (adj) - treacherous; sneaky
9/24/07 depravity (n) - extreme wickedness or corruption elusive (adj) - hard to pin down; evasive figurative (adj) - based on figures of speech; expressing something in terms usually used for something else; metaphorical infamous (adj) - shamefully wicked; having an extremely bad reputation; disgraceful
9/27/07 copious (adj) – abundant; plentiful ephemeral (adj) – lasting a very short time idyllic (adj) – charming in a rustic way; peaceful incandescent (adj) – brilliant; giving off heat or light mellifluous (adj) – sweetly flowing, as music or a voice redolent (adj) - fragrant
10/2/07 egregious (adj) – extremely bad; flagrant exacerbate (v) – to make worse fastidious (adj) – meticulous; demanding; finicky lampoon (v) – to satirize; to mock; to parody obsequious (adj) – fawning; subservient; sucking up to platitude (n) – a dull or trite remark; a cliché
10/3/07 propensity (n) – a natural inclination or tendency; a predilection rigorous (adj) – strict; harsh; severe temerity (n) – boldness; recklessness; audacity ubiquitous (adj) – being everywhere at once visionary (n) - a dreamer; someone with impractical goals or ideas about the future wistful (adj) – yearning; sadly longing
10/4/07 officious (adj) – annoyingly eager to help or advise prodigy (n) – an extremely talented child; an extraordinary accomplishment or occurrence proficient (adj) - thoroughly competent; skillful; good (at something) thoroughly competent; skillful; good (at something)
APPOSITIVE PHRASES A mini-lesson From Sentence Composing for High School by Don Killgallon Copy the following information in the vocabulary section of your composition notebook.
APPOSITIVE PHRASES Appositives are noun phrases that identify adjacent nouns or pronouns.
They can occur as sentence openers: A balding, smooth-faced man, he could have been anywhere between forty and sixty. - Harper Lee, To Kill a Mockingbird
They can occur as subject-verb splits: A man, a weary old pensioner with a bald dirty head and a stained brown corduroy waistcoat, appeared at the door of a small gate lodge. - Brian Moore, The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne
They can occur as sentence closers: He had the appearance of a man who had done a great thing, something greater than any ordinary man would do. - John Henrick Clarke, “The Boy Who Painted Christ Black”
Among the company was a lawyer, a young man of about twenty-five. - Anton Chekov, “The Bet” Order and combine these sentence parts so that they imitate the sentence above: 1.She was near the statue. 2.She was an obvious tourist. 3.She was an oriental lady. 4.She had a Kodak camera.
For the next group of vocabulary words, your homework sentences must contain an appositive phrase. Review the mini-lesson for help, and try to vary the placement of the appositive phrase – as a sentence opener, a subject-verb split, or as a sentence closer. And now, back to new words…
10/10/07 abhor (v) – to hate very, very much; to detest affectation (n) - unnatural or artificial behavior, usually intended to impress countenance (n/v) - face; facial expression / to condone or tolerate disdain (n) – arrogant scorn; contempt edify (v) - to enlighten; to instruct, especially in moral or religious matters
10/10/07 egocentric (adj) - selfish; believing that one is the center of everything frugal (adj) – economical; penny-pinching idiosyncrasy (n) - a peculiarity; an eccentricity ironic (adj) - meaning the opposite of what you seem to say; using words to mean something other that what they seem to mean
Appositive Review Copy these sentences into the Vocabulary section of your composition notebook. Highlight the appositive phrase in each. 1.I abhor okra, that slimy vegetable used in gumbo. 2.An elegant woman, she was given to rather idiosyncratic behavior. 3.She sneered at the man, her former husband, with undisguised disdain.
10/15/07 – with appositives! itinerant (adj) – moving from place to place juxtapose (v) – to place side by side levity (n) – lightness; frivolity; unseriousness mendacious (adj) – lying, dishonest propriety (n) – properness; good manners secular (adj) – having nothing to do with religion or spiritual concerns
10/16/07 (Yes, still with appositives) vocation (n) – an occupation, a job vestige (n) – an a remaining bit of something; a last trace turpitude (n) – shameful wickedness; depravity sloth (n) – laziness; sluggishness serendipity - accidental good fortune; discovering good things without looking for them
10/17 (Need you ask?) ruminate (v) - to contemplate; to ponder; to mull over revere (v) – to respect highly; to honor respite (n) – a period of rest or relief penitent (adj) – sorry; repentant; contrite onerous (adj) – burdensome; oppressive End of section – test on Friday
Adjectives Remember, an adjective is any descriptive word that can fit into this blank: Sam is a(n) ____________ student. Some possibilities are: happy sad angry disruptive Write out several more.
Opening Adjective An opening adjective occurs at the opening of a sentence (obviously). It may be a single word or the first word in an adjective phrase – a phrase that begins with an adjective and then continues the description: Happy to graduate Angry at not getting the job Disruptive because he was bored Write out several more.
Sentences can contain single or multiple opening adjectives. Single opening adjective: Powerless, we witnessed the sacking of our launch. Pierre Boule, Planet of the Apes
Multiple opening adjectives: Bloodthirsty and brutal, the giants brought themselves to the point of extinction by warring amongst themselves during the last century. Armstrong Perry, Call It Courage
Opening adjective phrases: Numb of all feeling, empty as a shell, still he clung to life, and the hours droned by. - J.K. Rowling, Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
Match the opening adjectives with the sentences and write out each sentence. (Highlight the adjectives.) 1.^, I wanted to run away and be gone from this strange place. 2.^, I felt behind me, my hand pleading for that rifle. 3.^, he rocked his own body back and forth, breathing deeply to release the remembered pain. A.Frantic, never turning my head – because the water buffalo had started his charge B.Able to move now C.Lonesome
For homework tonight, be sure to write sentences that include opening adjectives or opening adjective phrases!
10/24/07 – new section impugn (v) – to attack, especially to attack the truth or integrity of something munificent (adj) – very generous; lavish superficial (adj) – on the surface only; shallow; not thorough venal (adj) – capable of being bribed; willing to do anything for money; corrupt vociferous (adj) – loud; noisy
Delayed Adjectives An adjective that is not an opening adjective! Delayed adjectives can occur in the middle or at the end of a sentence. Commas punctuate a delayed adjective – one if it occurs at the end of a sentence, two if earlier in the sentence. It can be a single adjective or an adjective phrase.
Single Delayed Adjectives People under the helicopter ducked down, afraid, as if we were being visited by a plague or a god. - Barbara Kingsolver, Animal Dreams
Multiple Delayed Adjectives Each snowflake was different, Sister Zoe said, like a person, irreplaceable and beautiful. - Julia Alvarez, “Snow”
Delayed Adjective Phrase A dog came bounding among us with a loud volley of barks, and leapt round us, wild with glee at finding so many human beings together. - George Orwell, “A Hanging”
Imitate this model: “The baby’s eyes were the shape of watermelon seeds, very black and cut very precisely into her small, solemn face.” - Anne Tyler, Digging to America
10/29/07 mitigate (v) – to moderate the effect of something panacea (n) – something that cures everything patronize (v) – to treat as an inferior; to condescend to perfidy (n) – treachery querulous (adj) – complaining; grumbling; whining